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Story of the Internet. Presented by George Jor. TESOL PCI #24 "Success on the Net for beginners" Tuesday, March 9, 1999, 8 am-12 noon at Columbia University TESOL'99 at New York City. Outline . A short video segment to introduce the Net and the Web What is the Internet?

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Story of the internet l.jpg
Story of the Internet

Presented by

George Jor

TESOL PCI #24 "Success on the Net for beginners"

Tuesday, March 9, 1999, 8 am-12 noon at Columbia University

TESOL'99 at New York City


Outline l.jpg
Outline

  • A short video segment to introduce the Net and the Web

    What is the Internet?

    How did it originate?

    How do you get there?

    What are the major types of Internet resources?

    What are Internet Service Providers (ISP)?

    What should you know about safety on the Internet?


A short video segment to introduce the net and the web l.jpg
A short video segment to introduce the Net and the Web

  • In this Pre-Conference Institute, we'll give audience a user-friendly introduction to the Internet and the World Wide Web beginning with a short video segment featuring Vint Cerf, a pioneering architect of the Internet, and Tim Bernard Lee, inventor of the Web.


What is the internet l.jpg
What is the Internet?

  • A huge network of computer networks known as the "information superhighway"

  • Not owned by any one institution, or government. No CEO. Sometimes it is known as "the most successful anarchy in history”


Some facts of the net according to network wizards internet domain survey l.jpg
Some facts of the Net according to Network Wizards Internet Domain Survey

  • Estimated some 43.23 million Internet hosts (as of January, 1999)

  • Host Count Graph (1991-1999) http://www.nw.com/zone/hosts.gif

  • Host Count Graph (1991-1999) http://www.nw.com/zone/hosts.gif

  • Web Growth Summary - exponential, double every 3 - 6 months since 1993.http://www.mit.edu/people/mkgray/net/web-growth-summary.htmlaccessible in over 100 countries, more than 1,000,000 Web servers worldwide (as of January, 1998)the average Web user is 35.2 years old and access primarily from home.

  • Internet Trends (nice graphs) http://www.genmagic.com/Internet/Trends/index.html14 slides showing Internet growth provided by Tony Rutkowski & General Magic. Start with slide 3 - Internet Hosts 1989-1997 - to get an idea of the exponential growth of the Internet. http://www.nw.com/zone/WWW/top.html


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How did it originate?Grew out of academic, governmental and military communities

  • 1969 Department of Defense, ARPAnet (Advanced Research Project Agency)

  • 1971 Linked 2 dozen sites including MIT and Harvard.

  • 1980s NSFnet own network (National Science Foundation Network)

  • 1991 Senator Al Gore proposed NSFnet be expanded to NREN (National Research and Educational Network)

  • 1992 World Wide Web software released; first graphical user interface (GUI)

  • 1994 Netscape Communications released Netscape Navigator browser

  • 1995 Microsoft released Internet Explorer

  • 1997 The two browsers competed for a place on each Internet user's computer.

  • 1998 The browser war continued.


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How do you get there?

  • Hardware

    • Macintosh (with a CPU of 60480 or higher)

    • PC (with a CPU of 80486 or higher)

    • At least 4MB RAM (8 is recommended)

    • A 250 MB hard drive

  • Software

    • E-mail software (Eudora, PINE: Program for Internet News & E-mail, etc.)

    • World Wide Web browsers (such as Netscape Navigator, etc.)

    • File Transfer Protocol (Fetch for Macintosh, WS_FTP for Window)

  • Connectivity

    • Dai-up with Modem (28.8 Kbps or 56.6KKbps) to a server

    • Dedicated high speed network [T1 (10 Mbps) and T3 (100 Mbps), etc.]


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What are the major types of Internet resources?

  • Email & listservs (or mailservs)

  • World Wide Web (WWW) e.g. TESOL'99 http://www.tesol.edu/conv/t99.html

  • Conferences and threaded discussion

  • File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

  • Telnet

  • Discussion or Usenet newsgroups

  • Gopher

  • Chat. E.g. with AOL Instant Messenger, ICQ, etc.

  • MUDs and their many variants (MOO, MUSH, etc.)


What are internet service providers isp l.jpg
What are Internet Service Providers (ISP)?

  • America Online (AOL) http://www.aol.com/

  • CompuServe http://www.compuserve.com

  • Prodigy http://www.prodigy.com

  • List of Internet Service Providers http://thelist.internet.com/


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What should you know about safety on the Internet?

  • The internet has no governing body through which laws and policies are enforced. The responsibility for safety and security on the Internet rests with those who use it.

  • Communications Decency Acts (CDA), Feb. 8 ,1996 In July, 1997, the US Supreme Court ruled 7-2 that the CDA was a violation of the First Amendment and thus unconstitutional. Common sense dictates some basic rules of conduct.

  • Student Safety on the Net http://spot.colorado.edu/~blackl/admin/childsafety.html( Cyber Patrol, CYBERsitter, Net Nanny, SurfWatch, etc.)


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Thank you for your interest

Contact e-mail address:

[email protected]

http://www.arts.cuhk.edu.hk/~cmc/instruction/tesolpci99.html


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