chapter 5
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Chapter 5

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

Chapter 5 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 321 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 5. Language. Chapter Questions. How does human language differ from forms of communication in other animals? How do children acquire language? What are some characteristics of human languages, and how are languages structured?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 5' - Philip


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 5

Chapter 5

Language

chapter questions
Chapter Questions
  • How does human language differ from forms of communication in other animals?
  • How do children acquire language?
  • What are some characteristics of human languages, and how are languages structured?
  • What are the relationships between language, thought, and culture?
  • How do people communicate without using words?
  • How do languages change?
what we will learn
What We Will Learn
  • Origin of Human Language
  • Characteristics of Language
  • Acquiring Language
  • Language and Culture
  • Nonverbal Communication
  • Language Change
origin of human language
Origin of Human Language
  • No language = no culture.
      • Emergence of language?
  • Recreates complex thoughts and experiences in words.
  • Distinct from any other animal communication system.
    • C. Hockett- 2 steps
      • Blending
      • Duality of Patterning
characteristics of a language
Characteristics of a Language
  • Conventionality
    • meaning sequence of sounds & object, action or idea.
  • Productive
    • new combination of sounds & words, openness, flexibility.
    • vocabulary that can expand with cultural changes.
  • Displacement
    • Abstract thought use.
acquiring language
Acquiring Language
  • Biological capability of language acquisition
  • Innate language?
    • Victor
    • Genie
  • Human vs. Ape language capacity
  • Universal Grammar
universal grammar
Universal Grammar
  • Basic principles, conditions, and rules underlie all languages.
  • Children apply unconscious universal grammar to the sounds they hear.
  • All languages share fundamental similarities.
the structure of language
The Structure of Language
  • Phonology
    • Phonemes
  • Morphology
    • Morphemes
  • Syntax
  • Semantics
    • lexicon
language culture
Language & Culture

Sapir–Whorf Hypothesis

  • Language influences perception.
  • Language establishes mental categories that affect the ways people conceptualize the real world.

Sociolinguistics

Languages & Dialects

  • AAVE &BEV
  • Code Switching
historical linguistics
Historical linguistics
  • Focused on discovering the history of languages.
  • Vocabularies are constantly changing.
  • Sociolinguists are interested in the social factors that affect changes in languages.
nonverbal communication
Nonverbal Communication
  • Most messages are sent and received without words:
    • Facial expressions
    • Gestures
    • Eye contact
    • Touching
    • Posture
non verbal communication
Non-verbal Communication
  • Haptics
  • Chronemics
    • Monochronic Time
    • Polychronic Time
  • Proxemics
  • Kinesics
nonverbal communication15
Nonverbal communication
  • Almost 2/3s of communication.
  • Messages sent by clothing, jewelry, tattoos, piercings, and body modifications.
ad