Policy for Improvement of Solid Waste Management in Vietnam. Nguyen Thi Kim Thai Centre for Environmental Engineering of Towns and Industrial Areas (CEETIA) University of Civil Engineering, Hanoi, Vietnam. VIET NAM. Area: 330 000 000 ha Population: 79.7 millions of which:
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
of Solid Waste Management in Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Kim Thai
Centre for Environmental Engineering
of Towns and Industrial Areas (CEETIA)
University of Civil Engineering, Hanoi, Vietnam
330 000 000 ha
Population Growth Rate:
Density: 242 pop./km2
According to the National classification on urban category (Decree No 72/2001/ND-CP), up to 2003 the whole country consists of 656 towns with the major categories:
Solid (Decree No 72/2001/ND-CP), up to 2003 the whole country consists of 656 towns with the major categories:
at a Glance
Data compiled from Vietnam Environment Monitor 2004
Waste Generation in Vietnam in 2003 (Decree No 72/2001/ND-CP), up to 2003 the whole country consists of 656 towns with the major categories:
Note: industrial waste excludes mining waste; rural industrial waste derives from craft village,
Source: Consultant Data Group survey 2004, SOE report 2002 MOH 2004, NEA 1999, MOI 2002-2003
Markets (Decree No 72/2001/ND-CP), up to 2003 the whole country consists of 656 towns with the major categories:
The common flow of Solid Watse in the urban areas in Vietnam
Expenditure on Operation and Maintenance of Solid Waste Management Systems
Sources: Survey of Urencos, 2003,
Large cities: population >500,000;
Medium-sized cities: population 250,000 – 500,000;
Small cities: population < 250,000.
Solid Waste Fee Payment by Urban Households Management Systems
Source: Vietnam Household Living Standard Survey, 2003
Policy for solid waste management will be developed Management Systems
in consistence with suitable economic tools in order
to change the behaviour from enforcing to encouraging.
Policy on Solid Waste Management
Solid Waste Management Policies Management Systems
Major orientations for solid waste management policies in particular and for environmental protection in general including the following:
Solid waste collection
Solid waste recycling and reuse
Solid waste disposal
Minimization of solid wastes co-operatives, private
or clean technology. For existing enterprises, any changes aiming at
modernization of equipment, production procedures, technology that
leads to minimizing wastes in general are considered cleaner production.
Solid waste recycling and reuse co-operatives, private
under the form of original products or as new products.
industrial zones based on an information system for waste exchange
as solid waste, in some cases, in one place can be used as raw
material in another place.
Solid waste disposal co-operatives, private
The existing disposal facilities for open dumping of solid waste should be
improved to become sanitary landfills. It is necessary to construct new sanitary landfills with large capacity that can be used for at least 20 years. These land fills should include the plant designed epecially for toxic and hazardous waste disposal. The construction of toxic waste disposal plant should conform to international standards.
Budgets should be allocated to construct central treatment facilities for solid waste, including facilities to disposal hazardous waste. Treatment facilities for industrial hazardous wastes should be created by applying the following method: