specific purposes and central ideas
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Specific Purposes and Central Ideas. Choosing A Topic. The first step in speechmaking. Pick a topic that: You know a lot about. You want to know more about. Your audience can relate to or enjoy. What if I can’t think of anything?. Brainstorm List hobbies, interests, attitudes, experiences

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choosing a topic
Choosing A Topic
  • The first step in speechmaking.
  • Pick a topic that:
    • You know a lot about.
    • You want to know more about.
    • Your audience can relate to or enjoy.
what if i can t think of anything
What if I can’t think of anything?
  • Brainstorm
  • List hobbies, interests, attitudes, experiences
  • Google interesting topics to find a starting point for your speech
the specific purpose
The Specific Purpose
  • A single infinitive sentence that states precisely what a speaker hopes to accomplish in his/her speech.
  • Example: To inform my audience about the causes of global warming.
  • Example: To demonstrate to my audience how to change a flat tire.
  • Example: To persuade my audience to participate in the campus blood drive.
tips for writing the specific purpose
Tips for Writing the Specific Purpose
  • Write a full infinitive sentence.
    • Incorrect: Down’s Syndrome.
    • Correct: To inform my audience about the symptoms of down’s syndrome.
  • Write a statement, not a question.
    • Incorrect: What are panda bears?
    • Correct: To inform my audience about the history of the panda bear.
  • Avoid figurative language.
    • Incorrect: To inform my audience that sky diving is awesome.
    • Correct: To inform my audience about the process of sky diving.
  • Limit the specific purpose to one idea.
    • Incorrect: To inform my audience about NASA and the space shuttle Discovery.
    • Correct: To inform my audience about the space shuttle Discovery.
the central idea
The Central Idea
  • Also called a thesis statement.
  • A one-sentence statement that sums up the major ideas of a speech.
  • A concise statement of what you expect to say in you speech.
  • It’s what you want your audience to remember after they have forgotten everything else in your speech.
guidelines for the central idea
Guidelines for the Central Idea
  • A complete sentence.
    • Incorrect: Problems with fad diets.
    • Correct: Fad diets can cause health problems and weight gain.
  • Should not be in the form of a question.
    • Incorrect: How do you know if you have good car insurance?
    • Correct: Good car insurance requires three basic coverages.
  • Should avoid figurative language.
    • Incorrect: Politicians are nothing but skum.
    • Correct: Term limits should be set for all politicians.
  • Should not be too vague or general.
    • Incorrect: Donating blood is good.
    • Correct: Becoming a blood donor can save the lives of four people each time you donate.
specific purposes
Specific Purposes
  • To inform about genetic mapping and prescription drug research.
  • To inform my audience about genetic mapping.
  • To persuade my wonderful audience.
  • To persuade my audience to ban stem cell research.
  • To tell my audience about the reason for the Brady Bill on handguns in the United States for people who want to purchase guns.
  • To persuade my audience to support the Brady Bill.
  • To demonstrate to my audience the correct way to install a fire alarm.
  • Correct
  • Persuade them to purchase my product.
  • To persuade my audience to purchase my hand cleaner.
central idea statements
Central Idea Statements
  • Genetic mapping in the United States.
  • Although still in its infancy, genetic mapping is making great strides to cure many life-threatening diseases.
  • The United States Congress should ban stem cell research.
  • Correct
  • The awesome Brady Bill is a superior form of legislation.
  • The Brady Bill saves lives through background checks and waiting periods when purchasing guns.
central idea statements10
Central Idea Statements
  • Fire alarms save lives.
  • To install a fire alarm, you need to choose the correct alarm, install the alarm in the correct area of the house, and regularly check to battery.
  • Why should you buy my hand cleaner?
  • Grease-Be-Gone can get your hands clean while also adding moisture to your dry, rough skin.
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