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Second Meeting of Officials Responsible for Penitentiary and Prison Policies of the OAS Member States. SSP. SECRETARÍA DE SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA . MEXICO. SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC SECURITY. PENITENTIARY STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL REHABILITATION. LIC. JOSÉ PATRICIO PATIÑO ARIAS,

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Presentation Transcript
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Second Meeting of Officials Responsible

for Penitentiary and Prison Policies

of the OAS Member States

SSP

SECRETARÍA DE

SEGURIDAD PÚBLICA

MEXICO

SECRETARY FOR PUBLIC SECURITY

PENITENTIARY STRATEGY FOR SOCIAL REHABILITATION

LIC. JOSÉ PATRICIO PATIÑO ARIAS,

UNDERSECRETARY FOR THE FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SYSTEM

Valdivia, Chile

August 26-28, 2008

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INTRODUCTION

  • Mexico is embarking on a deep reform of its Penitentiary System.
  • Last June, Congress approved a constitutional reform that transforms the goals of the Penitentiary System and provide it with new tools to reach them.
  • The judicial reform established the rehabilitation of offenders as the central goal of the Penitentiary System.
  • Article 18:
    • The penitentiary system shall be organized on the basis of labor, job-training, education, health and sports as means to achieve the reintegration of the sentenced individual to society and seek to avoid them committing further crimes (…)
  • In Mexico, rehabilitation of offenders has been difficult to achieve.
  • One of the main obstacles has been the overcrowding of prisons.
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INTRODUCTION

Data: June 2008

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INTRODUCTION

  • The Mexican Penitentiary System is made up of 441 prisons.
  • Only 11 of these are exclusively for female inmates.
  • National total capacity is 167,281 prison beds.
  • The national total population is 218,030 inmates.
  • There is a deficit of 50,749 beds and 32% overcrowding.
  • State and municipal prisons concentrate 98.2% of the penitentiary population.
  • The 6 federal centers house 1.8% of the total population.

Data: June 2008

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STRATEGY

  • The recently approved reforms will allow the Mexican Penitentiary System to:
  • Incorporate the use of alternative sentences to imprisonment.
  • Curb the growth of inmate population by resorting to alternative sentences.
  • Align the system with United Nations’ Rule 58 :
  • The purpose and justification of a sentence of imprisonment or a similar measure deprivative of liberty is ultimately to protect society against crime. This end can only be achieved if the period of imprisonment is used to ensure, so far as possible, that upon his return to society the offender is not only willing but able to lead a law-abiding and self-supporting life.
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STRATEGY

  • Respond to overcrowding by building new penitentiary centers focused on rehabilitation.
  • Articulate social rehabilitation programs for inmates.
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MISSION STATEMENT

Protect society from crime by confining those who harm it in controlled environments that are safe, humane, efficient and self-sustainable. Provide peace to the people. Generate social rehabilitation conditions based on work, job-training, education, health and fitness. Help offenders regain their freedom as useful citizens, to both themselves and society, respectful of the law and public order.

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SOCIAL REHABILITATION MODEL

COMPONENTS

JOB-TRAINING

WORK

EDUCATION

FITNESS

HEALTH

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ACTORS

CO-RESPONSIBILITIES

INMATE

Generate the internal changes needed for their social rehabilitation

FAMILY

COMMUNITY

Support the inmate during the process and facilitate social acceptance for their reintegration

Give sense to work opportunities and job-training as means for reentering productive life

PRIVATE INVESTMENT

Create conditions that articulate the five components of social rehabilitation ensuring all of the actors’ participation

PENITENTIARY SYSTEM

SOCIAL REHABILITATION MODEL

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SYSTEM OF ALLIANCES

  • Leverage
  • Social profitability criteria
  • Prison policies
  • Standardization
  • SUAP
  • Production models
  • Sustainability criteria
  • Labor skills certification
  • Telesalud Model
  • Physical & Mental Rehabilitation

SHCP

FINRURAL

FEDERAL PENITENTIARY SYSTEM

SS

CONADIC

SAGARPA

COLPOS

ORGANIZED CIVIL SOCIETY

SOCIAL REHABILITATION

  • Backing of the social rehabilitation process:
    • Inmate
    • Family
    • Prison

SEP

INEA/ILCE

  • Primary education
  • Distance & remote education
  • Prison policies
  • Standardization
  • SUAP

STATES AND MUNICIPALITIES

CONADE

  • Fitness & sports

SOCIAL REHABILITATION MODEL

CE00377E

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