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INTEGRATED ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT: UGANDA’S EXPERIENCES. Ronald Kaggwa Environment Economist and National Focal Point National Environment Management Authority (NEMA) UGANDA. Introduction.

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INTEGRATED ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT: UGANDA’S EXPERIENCES

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INTEGRATED ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT: UGANDA’S EXPERIENCES

Ronald Kaggwa

Environment Economist and National Focal Point

National Environment Management Authority

(NEMA)

UGANDA


Introduction

  • Uganda carried out a Pilot Integrated Ecosystem Assessment (IEA) covering the Lake Kyoga catchment (a Sub-catchment of the Nile Basin).

  • The IEA had three layers of focus;

    • local sites in Nakasongola, Bududa and Butaleja Districts;

    • the regional assessment focusing on the Lake Kyoga catchment as a whole;

    • the linkage with national level activities, policies and programmes.

  • The IEA covered three districts of Manafa, Butalejja and Nakasongola.

  • Estimated population, 8 million people with 94% living in rural areas.


Introduction Cont’d

  • The focus area has a population of 8 million people with 94% living in rural areas.


Map of Uganda and the Study Area


Purpose of the IEA

  • Improve understanding on the linkages btn ecosystem services and human well-being;

  • Inform and influence policy formulation, planning and implementation; esp. the PEAP and improve environmental decision-making;

  • Build national capacity to undertake IEA;

  • Demonstrate the advantages of the MA approach with a view to mobilizing funds for a national assessment in the future;

  • Identify drivers of ecosystem change;

    • inform the development of an M&E framework focusing on poverty and environment.


Introduction Cont’d

  • Targeted stakeholders:

    • Policy and decision-makers at National and Local Government levels.

    • The Academia; Universities and other Institutions of Higher learning.

    • The Development Partners

    • The CSOs and CBOs

    • The Private Sector


Introduction Cont’d

  • The IEA was carried out by multi-disciplinary assessment team lead by Makerere University Institute of Environment and Natural Resources (MUIER) comprised of:

    • two Environment Economists

    • two Natural Resource Specialists

    • a Sociologist and Gender Specialist

    • a Soil Scientist and GIS Specialist


Introduction Cont’d

  • The IEA cost US$ 70,000 in terms of consultancy fees, field work, preparatory workshop etc.

  • It was planned to take 90 days unfortunately it has taken more than earlier planned.

  • The IEA tool

    • The IEA is based on the MA which assessed the capacity of ecosystems to support human well-being and life on earth.

    • It specifically focused on providing policy relevant scientific information about the relationships between ecosystem change and human well-being to decision-makers.


The IEA tool and Methodology

  • Why the Lake Kyoga catchment was selected:

    • there are plenty of ecosystems;

    • there is evidence of strong linkages between ecosystems and human well-being;

    • the ecosystems have changed and are likely to change in future, which will influence ecosystem services and human well-being.

  • The IEA had three layers of focus:

    • local sites in Nakasongola, Bududa and Butaleja Districts;

    • the regional assessment focusing on the Lake Kyoga catchment as a whole; and,

    • the linkage with national level activities, policies and programmes


Cows grazing in an area that was originally a wetland


The IEA tool and Methodology

  • Both primary and secondary sources of data were used.

  • It Involved transect walks, field visits, Key Informant interviews and consultations with the local communities and their leaders.

  • The finest scale assessment at the sub county and village level relied on spatial and temporal scales.

  • The MA Framework and methodologies were used with some modification in analysis.


A member of the Assessment Team in Consultations with the Community


Ranking of Ecosystems during a Women’s Focus Group Discussions


Women listen as the Ranking of Ecosystems is read out


Key results/findings

  • Drivers of ecosystem change

    • Undefined property rights

    • Land use changes

    • Population dynamics

    • Social-political factors

  • Special challenges of sustainable dry-land mgt

  • Conflicts between conservation (protected areas) and community interests


Impacts of the IEA

  • Created local capacity in IEA;

  • Growing understanding and appreciation of the linkages between ecosystems, poverty reduction and human well-being;

  • The MA methodology is being applied in the country as an assessment tool in policy relevant research;

  • Plans are underway to introduce IEA as a course unit in MUIENR.

  • Integrated the spatial and temporal concerns alongside immediate concerns such as poverty, property rights concerns (particularly land) and health care.


Potential uses of the IEA results

  • The IEA report will be used:

    • Review and evaluation of the Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP);

    • Prosperity for all programme. Significant reduction of poverty the central item is an election promise of the NRM Govt and is based on sustainable ecosystem mgt;

    • Policy and decision making particularly at the local level


Difficulties encountered

  • Completing the report on time;

  • Selecting the multi-disciplinary assessment team and the appropriate ecosystem which clearly demonstrates the key linkages.

  • Harmonising the detailed and slow GOU contract and procurement procedures with the time bound nature of the project requiring quick and prompt actions.

  • Ensuring effective multi-stakeholder/ partner coordination


Difficulties/Challenges

  • Thinking of the concept of ecosystems in an integrated manner as opposed to stand alone natural resources.

  • Getting the private sector onboard and participating fully


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