Next generation internet development in china
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Next Generation Internet Development in China. Jianping Wu Professor, Tsinghua University Director of CERNET Network Center August 21, 2002. Contents. Research and Education Networks in China CERNET Background and Update Peer connectivity with other R+E networks

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Next generation internet development in china

Next Generation Internet Development in China

Jianping Wu

Professor, Tsinghua University

Director of CERNET Network Center

August 21, 2002


Contents

Contents

  • Research and Education Networks in China

  • CERNET Background and Update

  • Peer connectivity with other R+E networks

  • Next Generation Internet Activities in China

  • CERNET:Experiences and Demands

  • CERNET 2 and Key Technologies Planned

  • Next Generation Internet Plans in China


Research networks in china

Research Networks in China

  • CERNET: China Education and Research Network

    • 1994, Managed by MOE, Nation wide backbone

    • 800+ Universities and institutes, Users over 10 Millions

  • CSTNET: China Science and Technology Network

    • 1994, Managed by CAS, Nation wide connections

    • 100+ institutes, Users over 0.8 Millions

  • NSFCNET:

    • 2000, Supported by NSFC, 6 nodes in Beijing city

  • CAINONET:

    • 2001, Supported by MOST, 6 nodes in Beijing city

    • Major technology development:DWDM switch and CR


Cernet background and update

CERNET Background and Update

  • 1995, 64K Nation wide backbone connecting 8 cities, 100 Universities

  • 1998, 2M Nation wide backbone connecting 20 cities, 300 Universities

  • 2000, Own dark fiber crossing 22 major cities and 20,000 kilometers

  • 2001, CERNET DWDM/SDH network finished

  • 2001, 2.5G/155M Backbone connecting 36 cities, 800 universities

  • 2002, CERNET2 will be initialized


Next generation internet development in china

CERNET Backbone at 2.5G Mbps /155 Mbps

北京

哈尔滨

长春

沈阳

太原

天津

石家庄

大连

西安

郑州

2.5G

济南

青岛

上海

成都

武汉

重庆

合肥

南京

2.5G

155M

长沙

2.5G

杭州

南昌

昆明

桂林

155M

福州

广州

湛江

南宁

厦门

海口

深圳

地区中心 地区主节点 网管系统

155M

2.5G


Next generation internet development in china

Peering connectivity with other R+E networks

NSF

2M

JANET

APAN

CERNET/CERNET2

vBNS

1G

10M

1G

CSTNET

STAR TAP

Dragon

TAP

10M

1G

Abilene

NSFCNET

1G

Others

CAINONET

UCAID


Next generation internet activities in china

Next Generation Internet Activities in China

  • CERNET: IPv6 Test bed and 6 Bone in 1998

  • APAN-CN: 1999

  • MOU with UCAID:

    • Draft with CERNET on March 2000

    • CERNET, CSTNET and NSFCNET on May 2000

  • Peer Connection Agreement with Abilene:

    CERNET on March 2000

  • Donations of International Connections to STAR TAP and APAN for three years free

    • 10M to STAR TAP from China CNC in March 2001

    • 10M to APAN from China Telecom in Sept. 2000


Nsfcnet project

NSFCNET Project

  • Optical fiber and DWDMtechnology

    • 8X2.5/10G DWDM developed by China

    • 400km long-haul transmission system

  • High speed Internet backbone and research

    • connect 6 nodes using CISCO GSROC48/OC192

    • connect high speed LAN using GE at each nodes

    • connect to CERNET and CSTNET

    • IP QoS, IP Multicasting and IPv6 backbone

    • Network management and measurement

  • Major applications

    • Distance learning and education, Digital libraries

    • Earth information system, VOD, and Bio-medical


Next generation internet development in china

NSFC

CAS

BUSS

BUPT

Star Tap / APAN

CERNET

POS OC-48/192

GE

Tsighua

10G

PKU

2.5G

CSTNET

NSFCNET


Next generation internet development in china

NSFCNETArchitecture


Cernet experiences and demands

CERNET:Experiences and Demands

  • Bandwidth always is not enough for Educated and Research Network

  • Custom always needs new technology and app.

  • Research and Education Network always tries new technology and application

  • Lambda Networking

    • Nation Wide Backbone for Research and Education Network

    • Regional Network and Metropolitan Network

    • Campus Network

  • Need mature technologies for the above networks


Cernet2 and key technologies

CERNET2 and Key Technologies

  • CERNET 2: Next Generation Education and Research Network in China

  • CERNET 2 Backbone connecting 15-20 GigaPOPs at 2.5G-10Gbps

  • Connecting 100+ Universities and 100+ Research Institutes at 1Gbps+

  • Native IPv6 and Lambda Networking

  • Support/Deployment of the following technologies:

    • Multicast

    • E2E performance monitoring

    • Middleware and Advanced Applications


Next generation internet plans and projects in china

Next Generation Internet Plans and Projects in China

  • NSFC: Networking and Information Security

    • 5 years Basic Research Project

  • National High Technology Plan for Information

    • Lambda Networking and switching

    • IPv6 Networking, Middleware and Applications

    • IPv6 Router and Switching

    • IPv6 Mobil Communication

  • Next Generation Research and Education Backbone in China

    • CERNET2: National Wide Backbone at 2.5G-10G

    • High Speed International Links 155M+


Cj ipv6 joint project

CJ-IPv6 Joint Project

  • Supported by Chinese and Japanese Government

  • June 6, 2002 Government MOU

  • July 2002, Basic Protocol between Executive Org.

  • Project Contents

    • 256 Million RMB/ 4 Billion Japanese

    • More than 20 Org. and Companies

    • Test bed: IPv6, 2.5Gbps connect BJ, SH and GZ

      • Connect Local IPv6 Testbed

      • Backbone IPv6 Router from Japanese Companies and Another

      • Link to Japanese IPv6 Networks at 45Mbps

    • Systems: IPv6 Router/Switch, Host and Terminals

      • WLAN Mobile System and IPv6 Security

    • Applications: IPv4 to IPv6, IPv6 Applications

    • Standard:


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