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International Relief. Cambodian Schoolhouse. ENGR 493: Project Cambodia. Jonathan Rumbaugh Katie Greco John McPheron. Project Cambodia. History of Cambodia What we did to help Leadership skills. Cambodia was ravaged by Vietnamese and Thai invasions and wars up until the 19th century.

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International Relief

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International Relief

CambodianSchoolhouse


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ENGR 493: Project Cambodia

Jonathan Rumbaugh

Katie Greco

John McPheron


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Project Cambodia

  • History of Cambodia

  • What we did to help

  • Leadership skills


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Cambodia was ravaged by Vietnamese and Thai invasions and wars up until the 19th century

1830's   A treaty enabled the French to be a protectorate of Cambodia 

For the next 90 years, France in essence ruled over Cambodia.


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  • Born 1925

  • 1949 Traveled to Paris to study electronics

  • Became absorbed in Marxism

  • Kicked out of school and returned to Cambodia in 1953

  • Joined underground communist movement.

Pol Pot


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Pol Pot

  • The next year Cambodia gained its independence from France

  • Their independence was obtained through the political savvy of King Sihanouk.

Prince Norodom Sihanouk


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  • 1962, Pol Pot had become leader of the Cambodian Communist Party and was forced to flee into the jungle to escape the wrath of Sihanouk

  • Although Sihanouk had remained neutral in a struggle between the US and USSR regarding tensions in Vietnam, he changed his position in 1965 and eliminated diplomatic relations with the US.

Pol Pot

Sihanouk


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Pol Pot

In the jungle, Pol Pot formed an armed resistance movement that became known as the Khmer Rouge (Red Cambodians) and waged a guerrilla war against Sihanouk's government.

Sihanouk


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Pol Pot

Sihanouk

  • In 1970, Prince Sihanouk was ousted, not by Pol Pot, but due to a U.S.-backed right-wing military coup.

  • Lon Nol became new leader

Sihanouk

Lon Nol

  • Sihanouk forms a United Front with his former enemies, the Khmer Rouge, to oppose the Lon Nol regime.


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Pol Pot

Sihanouk

Lon Nol

From 1969 until 1973, the U.S. intermittently bombed North Vietnamese sanctuaries in eastern Cambodia


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zfacts.com


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All of these events resulted in economic and military destabilization in Cambodia and a surge of popular support for Pol Pot.

By 1975, the U.S. had withdrawn its troops from Vietnam. Cambodia's government, plagued by corruption and incompetence, also lost its American military support. Taking advantage of the opportunity, Pol Pot's Khmer Rouge army, consisting of teenage peasant guerrillas, marched into Phnom Penh and on April 17 effectively seized control of Cambodia.

Pol Pot


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Pol Pot began by declaring, "This is Year Zero," and that society was about to be "purified." Capitalism, Western culture, city life, religion, and all foreign influences were to be extinguished in favor of an extreme form of peasant Communism.


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All foreigners were expelled, embassies closed, and any foreign economic or medical assistance was refused. The use of foreign languages was banned. Newspapers and television stations were shut down, radios and bicycles confiscated, and mail and telephone usage curtailed. Money was forbidden. All businesses were shuttered, religion banned, education halted, health care eliminated, and parental authority revoked. Thus Cambodia was sealed off from the outside world.


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Millions of Cambodians were forced into slave labor in Pol Pot's "killing fields" where they soon began dying from overwork, malnutrition and disease.

www.historyplace.com


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Deadly purges were conducted to eliminate remnants of the "old society" - the educated, the wealthy, Buddhist monks, police, doctors, lawyers, teachers, and former government officials. Ex-soldiers were killed along with their wives and children. Anyone suspected of disloyalty to Pol Pot, including eventually many Khmer Rouge leaders, was shot or bludgeoned with an ax.

"What is rotten must be removed," a Khmer Rouge slogan.


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Khmer Rouge

  • 1975-1979: Khmer Rogue in power

  • 1.7 million to 3 million Cambodians were killed.


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On December 25, 1978, Vietnam launched a fullscale invasion of Cambodia seeking to end Khmer Rouge border attacks.

On January 7, 1979, Phnom Penh fell and Pol Pot was deposed. The Vietnamese then installed a puppet government consisting of Khmer Rouge defectors.


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Pol Pot retreated into Thailand with the remnants of his Khmer Rouge army and began a guerrilla war against a succession of Cambodian governments lasting over the next 17 years. After a series of internal power struggles in the 1990s, he finally lost control of the Khmer Rouge. In April 1998, 73-year-old Pol Pot died of an apparent heart attack following his arrest, before he could be brought to trial by an international tribunal for the events of 1975-79.


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Cambodia Today

  • Recently, efforts to reconstruct the country have been initiated. However, the country still suffers from corruption. There are no funds allocated for education and money donated to the government is being used improperly.


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Cambodian Education

  • 32.3% of adults cannot read or write.

  • 43% females age 15 and older are illiterate.

  • 20% males age 15 and older are illiterate.

  • 42% of Cambodian woman and 21% of men above age 15 have never attended school.

  • 15% of Cambodian children never go to school.

  • Pre-school services are unavailable to over 90% of child population.

  • Less than 5% of primary school teachers have completed high school.


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Project Goals

  • Raise $1000

  • Spread awareness about Cambodia

  • Motivate others to contribute and help


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What ESIO Did For Us

  • Helped focus

  • Helped fundraise (spaghetti supper, luncheon)

  • Worked with us


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Our Plan to Raise Funds

  • Sell products during football weekends

  • Shot glasses, t-shirts, beads, and hand warmers

  • Corner Room and Tailgate Fields


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Failures

  • Profit Nights

  • Spaghetti Supper

  • Wisconsin Game


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Monetary Success

  • Reached our goal of $1000


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Our Plan to Raise Awareness

  • “The Killing Fields”

  • Sponsors

  • Advertise


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Movie: “The Killing Fields”

  • Spreading the news about Cambodia’s tragedy

  • December 2 at 6:30 in Foster Auditorium

  • GET EXTRA CREDIT!


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Educational Success

  • Helped spread the word about Cambodian struggles, genocide, and need for education.


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International Luncheon

  • Friday, December 4

  • 11-2 in Kunkel Lounge

  • Help Support ESIO


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Supportive and Unsupportive Sponsors


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Leadership

  • Bad Leadership

  • Lack of Leadership

  • No Education


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Mixed Personalities

  • Individual Strengths

  • Individual Projects

  • Group Cohesiveness


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Moral Courage and Judgment

  • JoePa Shot Glasses

  • Legal Issues

  • Worthy Cause


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Sustainability and Leading Change

  • Global Awareness

  • Education

  • Global Effort


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Conclusion

  • History of Cambodia

  • What we did to help

  • Application of ENGR 408


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COME TO THE MOVIE

  • EXTRA CREDIT!

  • Wednesday, December 2nd. 6:30 pm at Foster Auditorium (Pattee Library)


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