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International Relief. Cambodian Schoolhouse. ENGR 493: Project Cambodia. Jonathan Rumbaugh Katie Greco John McPheron. Project Cambodia. History of Cambodia What we did to help Leadership skills. Cambodia was ravaged by Vietnamese and Thai invasions and wars up until the 19th century.

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international relief

International Relief

CambodianSchoolhouse

engr 493 project cambodia

ENGR 493: Project Cambodia

Jonathan Rumbaugh

Katie Greco

John McPheron

project cambodia
Project Cambodia
  • History of Cambodia
  • What we did to help
  • Leadership skills
slide4

Cambodia was ravaged by Vietnamese and Thai invasions and wars up until the 19th century

1830\'s   A treaty enabled the French to be a protectorate of Cambodia 

For the next 90 years, France in essence ruled over Cambodia.

slide5

Born 1925

  • 1949 Traveled to Paris to study electronics
  • Became absorbed in Marxism
  • Kicked out of school and returned to Cambodia in 1953
  • Joined underground communist movement.

Pol Pot

slide6

Pol Pot

  • The next year Cambodia gained its independence from France
  • Their independence was obtained through the political savvy of King Sihanouk.

Prince Norodom Sihanouk

slide7

1962, Pol Pot had become leader of the Cambodian Communist Party and was forced to flee into the jungle to escape the wrath of Sihanouk

  • Although Sihanouk had remained neutral in a struggle between the US and USSR regarding tensions in Vietnam, he changed his position in 1965 and eliminated diplomatic relations with the US.

Pol Pot

Sihanouk

slide8

Pol Pot

In the jungle, Pol Pot formed an armed resistance movement that became known as the Khmer Rouge (Red Cambodians) and waged a guerrilla war against Sihanouk\'s government.

Sihanouk

slide9

Pol Pot

Sihanouk

  • In 1970, Prince Sihanouk was ousted, not by Pol Pot, but due to a U.S.-backed right-wing military coup.
  • Lon Nol became new leader

Sihanouk

Lon Nol

  • Sihanouk forms a United Front with his former enemies, the Khmer Rouge, to oppose the Lon Nol regime.
slide10

Pol Pot

Sihanouk

Lon Nol

From 1969 until 1973, the U.S. intermittently bombed North Vietnamese sanctuaries in eastern Cambodia

slide12

All of these events resulted in economic and military destabilization in Cambodia and a surge of popular support for Pol Pot.

By 1975, the U.S. had withdrawn its troops from Vietnam. Cambodia\'s government, plagued by corruption and incompetence, also lost its American military support. Taking advantage of the opportunity, Pol Pot\'s Khmer Rouge army, consisting of teenage peasant guerrillas, marched into Phnom Penh and on April 17 effectively seized control of Cambodia.

Pol Pot

slide13

Pol Pot began by declaring, "This is Year Zero," and that society was about to be "purified." Capitalism, Western culture, city life, religion, and all foreign influences were to be extinguished in favor of an extreme form of peasant Communism.

slide14

All foreigners were expelled, embassies closed, and any foreign economic or medical assistance was refused. The use of foreign languages was banned. Newspapers and television stations were shut down, radios and bicycles confiscated, and mail and telephone usage curtailed. Money was forbidden. All businesses were shuttered, religion banned, education halted, health care eliminated, and parental authority revoked. Thus Cambodia was sealed off from the outside world.

slide15

Millions of Cambodians were forced into slave labor in Pol Pot\'s "killing fields" where they soon began dying from overwork, malnutrition and disease.

www.historyplace.com

slide16

Deadly purges were conducted to eliminate remnants of the "old society" - the educated, the wealthy, Buddhist monks, police, doctors, lawyers, teachers, and former government officials. Ex-soldiers were killed along with their wives and children. Anyone suspected of disloyalty to Pol Pot, including eventually many Khmer Rouge leaders, was shot or bludgeoned with an ax.

"What is rotten must be removed," a Khmer Rouge slogan.

khmer rouge
Khmer Rouge
  • 1975-1979: Khmer Rogue in power
  • 1.7 million to 3 million Cambodians were killed.
slide18

On December 25, 1978, Vietnam launched a fullscale invasion of Cambodia seeking to end Khmer Rouge border attacks.

On January 7, 1979, Phnom Penh fell and Pol Pot was deposed. The Vietnamese then installed a puppet government consisting of Khmer Rouge defectors.

slide19

Pol Pot retreated into Thailand with the remnants of his Khmer Rouge army and began a guerrilla war against a succession of Cambodian governments lasting over the next 17 years. After a series of internal power struggles in the 1990s, he finally lost control of the Khmer Rouge. In April 1998, 73-year-old Pol Pot died of an apparent heart attack following his arrest, before he could be brought to trial by an international tribunal for the events of 1975-79.

cambodia today
Cambodia Today
  • Recently, efforts to reconstruct the country have been initiated. However, the country still suffers from corruption. There are no funds allocated for education and money donated to the government is being used improperly.
cambodian education
Cambodian Education
  • 32.3% of adults cannot read or write.
  • 43% females age 15 and older are illiterate.
  • 20% males age 15 and older are illiterate.
  • 42% of Cambodian woman and 21% of men above age 15 have never attended school.
  • 15% of Cambodian children never go to school.
  • Pre-school services are unavailable to over 90% of child population.
  • Less than 5% of primary school teachers have completed high school.
project goals
Project Goals
  • Raise $1000
  • Spread awareness about Cambodia
  • Motivate others to contribute and help
what esio did for us
What ESIO Did For Us
  • Helped focus
  • Helped fundraise (spaghetti supper, luncheon)
  • Worked with us
our plan to raise funds
Our Plan to Raise Funds
  • Sell products during football weekends
  • Shot glasses, t-shirts, beads, and hand warmers
  • Corner Room and Tailgate Fields
failures
Failures
  • Profit Nights
  • Spaghetti Supper
  • Wisconsin Game
monetary success
Monetary Success
  • Reached our goal of $1000
our plan to raise awareness
Our Plan to Raise Awareness
  • “The Killing Fields”
  • Sponsors
  • Advertise
movie the killing fields
Movie: “The Killing Fields”
  • Spreading the news about Cambodia’s tragedy
  • December 2 at 6:30 in Foster Auditorium
  • GET EXTRA CREDIT!
educational success
Educational Success
  • Helped spread the word about Cambodian struggles, genocide, and need for education.
international luncheon
International Luncheon
  • Friday, December 4
  • 11-2 in Kunkel Lounge
  • Help Support ESIO
leadership
Leadership
  • Bad Leadership
  • Lack of Leadership
  • No Education
mixed personalities
Mixed Personalities
  • Individual Strengths
  • Individual Projects
  • Group Cohesiveness
moral courage and judgment
Moral Courage and Judgment
  • JoePa Shot Glasses
  • Legal Issues
  • Worthy Cause
sustainability and leading change
Sustainability and Leading Change
  • Global Awareness
  • Education
  • Global Effort
conclusion
Conclusion
  • History of Cambodia
  • What we did to help
  • Application of ENGR 408
come to the movie
COME TO THE MOVIE
  • EXTRA CREDIT!
  • Wednesday, December 2nd. 6:30 pm at Foster Auditorium (Pattee Library)
ad