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HIV and AIDS. Chera Pierce, Mandi Zaryski and Lindsay Gentemann. What is HIV?. H uman I mmunodeficiency V irus Causes AIDS Overtime Damages the immune system. What is AIDS?. A cquired I mmuno d eficiency S yndrome When immune system is weak:

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HIV and AIDS

Chera Pierce, Mandi Zaryski and Lindsay Gentemann


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What is HIV?

  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus

  • Causes AIDS

  • OvertimeDamages the immune system

www.cdc.gov/hiv/


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What is AIDS?

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

  • When immune system is weak:

    • _______________ and infections enter the body

      • This stage of HIV is called AIDS

www.cdc.gov/hiv/


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How is HIV/AIDS Transmitted?

  • Vaginal, anal, oral sex

  • ___________ sharing

  • Mother to fetus or newborn

  • Blood-to-blood contact

www.cdc.gov/hiv/


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HIV/AIDS is NOT spread by:

  • Shaking hands, touching or hugging

  • Breathing, coughing or ______________

  • Using toilets, telephones, etc.

www.cdc.gov/hiv/


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Continued…

  • Sharing food, drinks, etc

  • Insect bites including _______________

  • Tears or sweat

www.cdc.gov/hiv/


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Symptoms of HIV

  • Rapid _______________

  • Dry cough

  • Recurring fever or profuse night sweats

  • Profound, unexplained fatigue

  • Swollen lymph glands in armpits, groin, neck

www.cdc.gov/hiv/


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Symptoms of HIV

  • Diarrhea lasting for more than _________

  • White spots or unusual blemishes on tongue, in the mouth or throat

  • Pneumonia

www.cdc.gov/hiv/


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Continued…

  • Red, brown, pink or purplish blotches on or under the skin, in the mouth, nose or eyelids

  • Memory loss, depression & other neurological disorders

www.cdc.gov/hiv/


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HOWEVER…

  • All of these symptoms can be related to _______________ as well!!!

www.cdc.gov/hiv/


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Testing for HIV/AIDS

  • Testing positive for HIV does NOT mean you have AIDS BUT if left _____________ can become AIDS

  • Blood tests:

    • Count CD4 cellswhite blood cells which attack infections

    • If infected your CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm^3

Information from http://aidsinfo.nih.gov


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Treatments and Medications

  • No vaccines or medicines will __________ the spread of HIV

  • Most medicines slow the progression of HIV in an infected person

  • Medicine also used to prevent transmission from mother to baby during and after pregnancy

Information from aidsinfo.nih.gov


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Medicines Used

  • Zidovudine (Retrovir)

  • Nevirapine (Viramune)

  • Tenofovir

  • What exactly do these medicines do?

  • What are the possible side effects?

Information from http://aidsinfo.nih.gov


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Preventing & Dealing with AIDS…Counseling Options

  • Risk-Reduction Counseling: Targets at-risk individuals

  • Most counseling is aimed at PREVENTING the HIV contraction

  • Therapy is also available to HIV infected individuals and their families

Information from http://aidsinfo.nih.gov


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Why is HIV/AIDS Continuing to Spread?

  • Failure to change risky behaviors

  • Myths about HIV

  • Poor _____________ conditions

  • Naivete


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AIDS Across The Globe

  • http://www.unaids.org/wad2004/report_pdf.html


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Interesting Statistics

  • At the end of 2003, an estimated 1,039,000 to 1,185,000 people in the US were living with HIV/AIDS, 24-27% undiagnosed and unaware of their HIV infection

  • The cumulative estimated number of diagnoses of AIDS through 2003 in the US is 929,985

www.cdc.gov/hiv/stats.htm


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The cumulative estimated number of deaths of persons with AIDS through 2003 is 524,060 including:

518,568 adults and adolescents

5,492 children under age 13

Deaths Due to AIDS

www.cdc.gov.hiv/stats.htm


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What Can Be Done?

  • Websites to browse through:

    • http://www.projecthope.org

    • http://www.worldvision.org



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