by r simpkin 2007 adapted from the national literacy strategy grammar for writing p154 5
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Explanations. By R. Simpkin 2007 Adapted from The National Literacy Strategy Grammar for Writing p154/5. What is an explanation?. Purpose To explain the processes involved in natural and social phenomena, or to explain how something works. Structure.

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by r simpkin 2007 adapted from the national literacy strategy grammar for writing p154 5

Explanations

By R. Simpkin 2007

Adapted from The National Literacy Strategy Grammar for Writing p154/5

slide2

What is an explanation?

Purpose

To explain the processes involved in natural and social phenomena, or to explain how something works.

structure
Structure
  • General statement to introduce the topic, e.g.in the autumn some birds migrate
  • A series of logical steps explaining how or why something occurs, e.g.because hours of daylight shorten
  • Steps continue until the final state is produced or the explanation is complete.
features
Features
  • Present tense, e.g. many birds fly south
  • Connectives that signal time, e.g. then, next, several months later
  • Causal connectives, e.g. because, so, this causes
writer s knowledge
Writer\'s Knowledge
  • Decide whether diagrams, charts, illustrations or a flow chart would help to explain.
  • Use a title that indicates what you are writing about.
  • Using how or why in the title helps. Try to make the title intrigue (interest) the reader, e.g. Why do sloths hang about?.
slide6
Use the first paragraph to introduce your subject to the reader.
  • Organise the writing and illustrations to explain: what you need, how it works, why it works (cause and effect), when and where it works, what it is used for.
  • Add in extra, interesting information.
  • Try to end by relating the subject to the reader.
  • If you use specialised terminology a glossary may be needed.
slide7
Interest the reader with exclamation, eg Beware - whirlwinds can kill!
  • Or use questions, e.g. Did you know that…?
  • Draw the reader in, e.g. strange as it may seem…, not many people know that…
  • Finally …

re-read your explanation, pretending you know nothing about the subject - is it clear?

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