By r simpkin 2007 adapted from the national literacy strategy grammar for writing p154 5
Download
1 / 7

explanations - Primary Resources - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 186 Views
  • Uploaded on

Explanations. By R. Simpkin 2007 Adapted from The National Literacy Strategy Grammar for Writing p154/5. What is an explanation?. Purpose To explain the processes involved in natural and social phenomena, or to explain how something works. Structure.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'explanations - Primary Resources' - Patman


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
By r simpkin 2007 adapted from the national literacy strategy grammar for writing p154 5

Explanations

By R. Simpkin 2007

Adapted from The National Literacy Strategy Grammar for Writing p154/5


What is an explanation?

Purpose

To explain the processes involved in natural and social phenomena, or to explain how something works.


Structure
Structure

  • General statement to introduce the topic, e.g.in the autumn some birds migrate

  • A series of logical steps explaining how or why something occurs, e.g.because hours of daylight shorten

  • Steps continue until the final state is produced or the explanation is complete.


Features
Features

  • Present tense, e.g. many birds fly south

  • Connectives that signal time, e.g. then, next, several months later

  • Causal connectives, e.g. because, so, this causes


Writer s knowledge
Writer's Knowledge

  • Decide whether diagrams, charts, illustrations or a flow chart would help to explain.

  • Use a title that indicates what you are writing about.

  • Using how or why in the title helps. Try to make the title intrigue (interest) the reader, e.g. Why do sloths hang about?.


  • Use the first paragraph to introduce your subject to the reader.

  • Organise the writing and illustrations to explain: what you need, how it works, why it works (cause and effect), when and where it works, what it is used for.

  • Add in extra, interesting information.

  • Try to end by relating the subject to the reader.

  • If you use specialised terminology a glossary may be needed.


  • Interest the reader with exclamation, eg reader.Beware - whirlwinds can kill!

  • Or use questions, e.g. Did you know that…?

  • Draw the reader in, e.g. strange as it may seem…, not many people know that…

  • Finally …

    re-read your explanation, pretending you know nothing about the subject - is it clear?


ad