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European fish farming: The current position. Courtney Hough General Secretary FEAP. Role of FEAP within European Aquaculture. 31 National Aquaculture Associations from 22 European States – a unique forum for European fish farming

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european fish farming the current position

European fish farming:The current position

Courtney Hough

General Secretary

FEAP

role of feap within european aquaculture
Role of FEAP within European Aquaculture
  • 31 National Aquaculture Associations from 22 European States – a unique forum for European fish farming
  • Member of the EU Advisory Committee on Fisheries and Aquaculture (ACFA)
  • Liaison status with the FAO – EIFAC, GFCM and Global sub-Committee on Aquaculture of the COFI
  • Participant in important EU RTD projects and actions
  • First International Association to develop a Code of Conduct for aquaculture
  • Active in public communication – ‘Aquamedia’
global fish farming development
Global Fish Farming Development

Rest of the World98% (1999)APR = 10.4%

EU-152%APR = 7.9%

eu fish farming development production and value
EU Fish Farming DevelopmentProduction and Value

57,000 tons in 1970

125,000 tons in 1980

300,000 tons in 1990

520,000 tons in 2000

~10% of EU fisheries landings

~23% of value of EU fisheries

major producer states in eu
Major Producer States in EU

PROFESSIONAL FISH FARMING EXISTS INALL EU STATES

United Kingdom – 30% - 161,000 tons

Greece – 12% - 67,000 tons

Italy – 12% - 65,000 tons

France – 11% - 60,000 tons

Spain – 9% - 48,000 tons

Denmark – 7% - 40,000 tons

Germany – 7% - 36,000 tons

eu fish farming major species
EU Fish Farming – Major Species
  • Principal species in EU isTrout
  • Largest growth in mariculture
    • Salmon, Seabream, Seabass,Turbot
  • Recent diversification has been of low production and economic importance
conclusions for eu aquaculture
Conclusions for EU aquaculture
  • EU fish farming is an important contributor to the fisheries sector, supplying processors and the consumer with a variety of high quality, safe food products at a reasonable price
  • EU fish farming has become an important pan-European economic sector, providing jobs in rural and coastal areas and supporting important upstream and downstream activities and services
  • Overall production growth 6.3% APR, 5.5% less than the global trend over the same period
  • Overall price trend is negative (-0.5% APR) vs positive global development
conclusions for eu aquaculture markets
Conclusions for EU aquaculture markets
  • Marine sectors developing quickest but hardest hit on prices
  • Freshwater sector prices more stable but very slow growth or stagnation
  • Ex-EU ‘High quality’ and processed products exports targeting the ‘developed’ markets of EU
  • Market competition is very high – supermarkets increasingly control the major market share and concentrate demand
conclusions for eu aquaculture markets11
Conclusions for EU aquaculture markets
  • Development (growth) problems
    • Rapid growth Increased supply from a fragmented SME sector prolonged price instability (e.g. Mediterranean sector)
    • Discrediting food production has affected aquaculture and prices
  • The offer must be concentrated, focusing on Producer Organisations
  • Increased consumer awareness and education on nutrition, quality and health issues are required
observations on eu aquaculture
Observations on EU aquaculture
  • European fishfarming technology & management are world leaders
  • European Universities lead global aquaculture research and training requirements
  • European companies lead supply and consultancy sectors

But

  • Little recognition of the contribution of fish farming in previous Common Fisheries Policies
  • No specific budget for focused improvement in the 6th Framework Programme
  • Will the Reformed CFP provide adequate opportunities?
eu legislative framework
EU Legislative « Framework »
  • Major issues affecting aquaculture and its development
    • Food safety
      • Feed components (post BSE, dioxin/PCB…)
      • Processing conditions (hygiene, materials…)
      • Contaminants (Diseases, Hg,Cd…, residues…)
    • Fish Health
      • Treatment (chemicals, therapeutic agents)
      • Movement of live fish (zoning, categories)
      • Welfare (live transport, slaughter…)
    • Land & Water use
      • Water Framework Directive
      • Integrated (Coastal) Zone Management
      • ‘Habitat’ & ‘Birds’ Directives, Natura 2000
key issues raised by the profession
Key issues raised by the profession
  • Sustainable and responsible development of aquaculture must be encouraged
    • Market stability of prime concern for ALL sectors
    • Operate within a clear, enabling legislative structure (National) or Policy (European – CFP)
    • Development based on science as opposed to reaction to hearsay and scare-mongering
    • Moves towards self-governance and sectoral responsibility should be encouraged
    • A level playing field within the EU is required for equitable development
key issues for now and the future
Key Issues for now and the future
  • Economic Viability
    • Stability needed for (re)investment
    • Sectoral access to marketing and promotion actions
    • Equitable competition within EU and with imports
key issues for now and the future16
Key Issues for now and the future
  • Food Safety
    • A guarantee for the consumer
    • Input quality – by suppliers
    • Traceability (vs. ‘labelling’)
  • Sustainability
    • Input/Resource issues (water, feeds…)
    • Other environmental issues
    • Human Resources (training, technology…)
    • Governance – Responsibility
    • Sectoral acceptability
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Market will determine success but market stability is the urgent requirement
  • European Fish Farming (suppliers, producers, processors) assumes its responsibilities as
    • a major food supplier
    • a developing sector in a competitive market
    • a guardian of the environment
    • an important employer
conclusions18
Conclusions
  • Sustainability will only be obtained by the satisfaction of multiple criteria vs. Short term actions
  • Coherent European actions are needed for
    • Improved marketing structures and promotional efforts
    • Simplified legislation
    • Simplified licensing procedures
    • Support for generational change/entry
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