Ergonomics
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Ergonomics. What is Ergonomics?. The study of relationship between workers and their environment Ensuring a good “fit” between people, the work they do and the things they use Fitting the job to the worker, rather than the worker to the job. Ergonomic Factors to Consider.

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What is ergonomics l.jpg
What is Ergonomics?

  • The study of relationship between workers and their environment

  • Ensuring a good “fit” between people, the work they do and the things they use

  • Fitting the job to the worker, rather than the worker to the job


Ergonomic factors to consider l.jpg
Ergonomic Factors to Consider

  • Consider all ways in which the equipment or system may be used and then ask:

    • Does it suit your body size?

    • Does it also suit all other users?

    • Can you see & hear all you need to easily?

    • Do you understand all information presented?

    • Do errors occur frequently, and is it easy to recover from them?

    • Does the equipment or system cause discomfort if you use it for any length of time?


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Ergonomic Factors to Consider cont.

  • Is it convenient to use?

  • Is it easy to learn to use?

  • Is it compatible with other systems in use?

  • Could any of these aspects be improved?

  • Do other users have similar reactions?


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Identifying Problems

  • Causes of accident & near misses may be attributable to people being:

    • Unable to see important displays;

    • Unable to reach controls;

    • Unable to work in a comfortable position;

    • Overloaded with too much information at one time;

    • Inattentive because there is too little to do or too little variety


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Identifying Problems

  • Make shift adaptations to machines – e.g. lengthened levers, extra labels on witches, blocks of wood or cushions used to alter working positions – can be an indication that the design of the equipment or job needs attention

  • Medical and absence records may also reveal problems with particular jobs or tasks


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Solutions

  • Risks can be reduced by changes to designs of workstations, tools and work organisation

  • Simple solutions are often better

  • Involve and consult the workforce

  • Monitor remedial actions to ensure effectiveness






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