Educational Services for Individuals with Exceptionalities. Abuse and Neglect Homeless/At-Risk. Historical perspective. Late 1800’s - Story of Mary The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children was formed 1900 there were 161 such groups in the U.S.
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Abuse and Neglect
There is not a set of definitions for neglect, physical
abuse, sexual abuse, or psychological maltreatment
that is used consistently by local, state, and federal
agencies or across the multiple disciplines that deal
with this problem.
Neglect is the chronic failure of a parent or caretaker
to provide a child under 18 with basic needs such as
food, clothing, shelter, medical care, educational
opportunity, protection, and supervision.
Failure to thrive (FTT) is a condition in which children show a marked retardation or cessation of growth.
FTT can result from:
Physical abuse is any non-accidental injury to a child
under the age of 18 by a parent or caretaker. These
injuries may include beatings, shaking, burns, human
bites, strangulation, or immersion in scalding water,
with resulting bruises and welts, broken bones, scars,
burns, retinal hemorrhage, or internal injuries.
Child sexual abuse is the exploitation of a child or
adolescent for the sexual gratification of another
CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT Development (Cont.)
Etiological/Associated Physical Sexual Psychological
Factors Neglect Abuse Abuse Maltreatment
Domestic Violence X XX X
One Parent Household XX XX XX
Poverty XX X x
Stress X XX x x
Lacking Education XX XX X
Substance Abuse XX X x
Family Patterns X XX X X
Mental Disorders x x XX*?
- Parental DepressionXXX ?
Social Factors X X X X
Social Isolation XX X X ?
Unknown X X XXXX
* Includes paraphilias