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Dyslexia and other specific learning difficulties (SpLDs). How SpLDs affect students in HE. Overview. What are specific learning difficulties? How do SpLDs affect students in HE? What support is available? Disabled Students’ Allowance Contact details.

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Presentation Transcript

Overview l.jpg
Overview

  • What are specific learning difficulties?

  • How do SpLDs affect students in HE?

  • What support is available?

  • Disabled Students’ Allowance

  • Contact details


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What are specific learning difficulties?

  • Dyslexia

  • Dyspraxia

  • Dyscalculia

  • ADHD


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Dyslexia

  • Working Memory Difficulties

  • Sequencing Difficulties

  • Differences between oral and written abilities

  • Difficulties processing language

  • Poor general organisation

  • Lack of automaticity


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Strengths

  • Different way of thinking

  • Different set of skills (West)

  • Good powers of visualisation

  • Creative thinking

  • Range of artistic skills

  • Holistic rather than analytical approaches


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Dyspraxia

  • Motor co-ordination difficulties

  • Poorly formed, slow handwriting

  • Organisation and concentration difficulties

  • Perception and spatial difficulties


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Dyscalculia

  • Difficulty in understanding simple number concepts

  • Difficulty learning number facts and procedures

  • Telling the time, calculating prices, handling change.


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ADD

  • Attention Deficit Disorder

  • Affects attention and concentration

  • Hyperactivity

  • Impulsivity

  • 67% children diagnosed with ADD continue to experience some symptoms in adulthood


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Challenges in HE

  • Reading – speed and comprehension

  • Writing – poor organisation of ideas; weak sentence structure; weak punctuation, and grammar; poor handwriting


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Challenges in HE (2)

  • Spelling – mixing up letters; homophone confusion; lack of sound/symbol correspondence

  • Slow speed of processing – all aspects of study can be very time consuming; lack of concentration

  • Memory – affects reading comprehension; structuring ideas; learning new terminology; need for over learning


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Challenges in HE (3)

  • Sequencing – words/letters; ideas; numbers; images

  • Speech – word retrieval; pronunciation of multi-syllable words

  • Organisational difficulties; personal organisation; time management; direction

  • Emotional effects - low self-esteem; lack of confidence; history of criticism


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Reading and Vision

  • Visual perceptual difficulties; blurring of text; distortions; black and white

  • Often co-exist with dyslexia and/or other SpLDs

  • Coloured overlays and lenses


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How academic schools can help

  • Photocopies of lecture notes/presentations in advance or notes or on blackboard

  • Allowing students to record lectures

  • Prioritised reading lists

  • Key words to help with note-taking and web searches

  • ‘Dyslexia friendly’ handouts – colour/font/size

  • Written instructions as well as oral


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How LDC can help

  • Screening – interview and computer assessment

  • Full assessment – test battery

  • Overlay assessments

  • Recommendations for special examination arrangements such as extra time


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How LDC can help (2)

  • Individual academic study skills tutorials

  • Reading students’ work aloud; help with editing skills

  • Help with application for the Disabled Students’ Allowance


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Disabled Students Allowance

  • Many UK undergraduates and postgraduates are eligible to apply

  • NHS Student Grants Unit or Local Authorities

  • Funding for academic skills tutorials

  • Specialised software and other technological aids


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Contact details

Learning Differences Centre

11-12 University Crescent

Moving to 45 University Road, Highfield

023 8059 2759 (internal 22759)

[email protected]

www.soton.ac.uk/studentsupport/ldc


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