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Driver Safety 101. By Richard Buttenshaw. What is the cost?. Workers Comp Vehicle Accident Losses:. * data as of June. Data not tracked prior to 2003. What is the cost?. Vehicle Property/Liability Claims Losses:. Things I will NOT be covering. How to drive: Obey the speed limits

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Driver safety 101 l.jpg
Driver Safety 101

By

Richard Buttenshaw


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What is the cost?

  • Workers Comp Vehicle Accident Losses:

* data as of June

Data not tracked prior to 2003


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What is the cost?

  • Vehicle Property/Liability ClaimsLosses:


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Things I will NOT be covering

  • How to drive:

    • Obey the speed limits

    • Check your mirrors

    • Signal before you turn

I will assume that everyone driving your vehicles has passed the test !

( See Vehicle Accident Review Guidelines handout )


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Who should be driving?

  • Run Motor Vehicle Records (MVRs):

    • As part of the hiring process

    • At least every 3 years

      • insurance penalties if you don’t !

    • Have a written policy

  • How to get MVRs:

    • Send in form to Driver License Division in Montgomery

      • $5.75 per person

    • Online service (www.alabama.gov)

      • $75 per year plus $5.75 per person

( See Performing MVRs handout )


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What should you be driving?

  • Does the vehicle require a special license or training?

    • For example CDL

      • More than 26,000 pounds?

      • Can carry 16 people?

    • Emergency vehicles

      • EVOC training

  • What is a street legal vehicle ?

    • Golf carts - ATVs

    • Backhoes - Tractors


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Any one can drive a van

  • A 15 passenger (plus the driver) vehicle requires a CDL.

  • 15-passenger vans should be operated by experienced drivers.

    • At least 25 years old with at least 3 years driving experience

  • A speed that may be acceptable in a passenger car could be dangerous in a van.

    • Avoid sharp and abrupt maneuvers.

  • You should fill the front seats first.

    • When the center of gravity shifts to the rear and upward increasing the likelihood of rollover as capacity increases.

  • 15-passenger vans should require seat belt use at all times.

  • A load placed on the roof will increase the likelihood of rolling over.

( See Vehicle Safety Training Checklist handout )


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Vehicle Inspections

  • Improper vehicle maintenance

    • Inadequate brakes

    • Worn tread on tires

    • Hoses, belts

    • Inadequate acceleration

    • Headlight(s) out

  • Establish an inspection program

    • Before each use

    • Weekly and monthly

    • As per the manufacturer

    • Documentation

( See Vehicle Maintenance & Inspection handout )


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Unsafe Conditions

  • Poor visibility

    • Night time driving

      (Fatality rates/mile are 4 times higher at night)

    • Rain storms

    • Windshield wipers not effective

  • Poor road conditions

    • Slippery surfaces from weather

    • Localized flooding


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Who needs to wear a seat belt?

  • They help save lives

    - so everyone

  • It’s the law

    - so everyone

  • It’s city policy

    - so everyone

( See Seat Belt Safety handout )

Question: Why do we need a city policy if it’s the law ?


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What did we do before cell phones?

  • Good communications is important

    • Cell phones

    • Two way radios

    • Push to talk phones

  • Hands free systems

  • Written policy

( See Cell Phone Use handout )


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Other Distractions

  • Writing down a note

    • Train people to pull over before attempting to write.

  • Eating food

    • Have a city policy on not eating while driving.

  • Smoking

    • Have a city policy on not smoking in city vehicles.

  • Road rage

    • Just let it go!

  • Animals running out into the road

    • Skid car training!


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I wonder how close can I get?

  • Is tailgating taught in drivers ed?

  • You can’t react as quickly as you think.


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Parking and Backing Up

  • 30% of all accidents are backing and parking related (national statistics)

  • Front end clipping

  • Use your blinkers

  • Unfamiliarity with the vehicle

    • Different size

    • Different turning radius

    • Adjust the mirrors

  • In an ideal world

    • Avoid backing if possible

    • Back in / drive out

    • Use a spotter

    • Use reverse audible signal (or the horn)


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Working at the side of the road

  • Require wearing reflective vests

  • Use flashing lights on the vehicle

    • On top

    • Built-in

  • Use cones

  • Use flagmen if necessary

  • Remember – no precaution is too much


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    Driver Training – The Skid Car

    • Our pro-active defensive driving program is headed up by Stanley Fant retired State Trooper

    • State of the art technology

    • Simulation of adverse driving conditions at high rates of speed yet performed safely at relatively low speeds

    • Prepares the student to drive equipping him/her to recognize and correct for an imminent skid or slide while maneuvering during emergency operations


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    Operation Lifesaver

    • Statistics:

      • In 2005 Alabama had 111 crossing collisions

        • 8th highest in the nation

      • In 2005 Alabama had 16 fatalities

        • 8th highest in the nation

    • Resource:

      • Operation Lifesaver

        Nancy Hudson

        1400 Norfolk Southern Drive, RM #116Birmingham, AL  35210

        Tel: 205-951-8013Fax: 205-951-6045

    www.oli.org


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    Resources – our video library

    • “Winter Driving” – 5.046

    • “Driving Safety” – 5.048

    • “Driving Distractions” – 5.049

    • “Backing and Parking” – 5.050

    • “Trucks, Vans and Other Delivery Vehicles” – 5.051

    • “Why Do We Drive the Way We Do” – 5.052

    • “Barricade Safety 1” – 15.001

    • “Barricade Safety 2” – 15.002

    • “Flagging” – 15.003

    • “Highway Work Zone Safety” – 15.005

    • “City Driving” – 5.004

    • “City Driving Tactics” – 5.005

    • “Driving Defensively 1” – 5.011

    • “Driving Defensively 2” – 5.012

    • “Good Driving is an Attitude” – 5.016

    • “Intersections” – 5.019

    • “Night Driving Tactics” – 5.024

    • “Pulling Trailers” – 5.031

    • “Safe Driving” – 5.033

    • “Traffic Safety” – 5.040

    • “Utility Vans: Part 1” – 5.041

    • “Utility Vans: Part 2” – 5.042

    • “Vehicle Safety” – 5.043


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    Other Resources

    • “Sample Fleet Safety Manual”

      • See handout

  • “Sample Driving Policies”

    • City of Montgomery

    • City of Mobile

    • See handout


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    Our Websites

    • www.alalm.org

      • Alabama League of Municipalities

  • www.amicentral.org

    • Alabama Municipal Insurance Corp


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    The Bottom Line

    • From the Alabama Department of Public Safety 2005 Report:

      • Number of accidents = 143,948

      • Number killed = 1,134

      • Number injured = 44,155

    In Alabama

    In 1 year


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    Questions?

    Thank You.


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