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“Road Ecology: Science and Solutions” (A General Summary) Committee/Board Meeting and Symposium UW-Madison Pyle Center February 12-13, 2004 Presentation Objective Introduce a New Book Summarize Content

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“Road Ecology: Science and Solutions” (A General Summary)

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“Road Ecology: Science and Solutions”(A General Summary)

Committee/Board Meetingand Symposium

UW-Madison

Pyle Center

February 12-13, 2004


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Presentation Objective

  • Introduce a New Book

  • Summarize Content

  • Provide Information that May be Relevant to our Focus


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The Book


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The Basics

  • Published 2003

  • About 480 Pages

  • Island Press

  • 14 Authors

  • Primary Author: Richard Forman (Prof. Landscape Ecology - Harvard)


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Other Authors:

Daniel Sperling

John Bissonette

Anthony Clevenger

Carol Cutshall

Virginia Dale

Lenore Fahrig

Robert France

Other Authors:

Charles Goldman

Kevin Heanue

Julia Jones

Fredrick Swanson

Thomas Turrentine

Thomas Winter

The Basics (Cont.)


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The Basics (Cont.)

  • Author’s Background

    • Prof. Landscape Ecology

    • Prof. Civil and Env. Engineering

    • Research Scientist USGS

    • Wildlife Research Ecologist

    • Ex-Director WisDOT Bureau of Environment

    • Ecologist

    • Prof. of Biology

    • Assoc. Prof. of Design (focus on Water)

    • Prof. of Limnology


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The Basics (Cont.)

  • Author’s Background

    • Ex-FHWA Director of Environment and Planning (currently consultant in same area)

    • Research Ecologist with Forest Service

    • Anthropology Research (clean air focus)

    • Senior Research Hydrologist USGS

  • Book Objective: “…to articulate state-of-the-science road ecology principles and present specific examples that demonstrate the application of those principles.”


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The Content

  • 14 Chapters

  • 58 Page Bibliography

  • Part 1: Roads, Vehicles, and Ecology

  • Part 2: Vegetation and Wildlife

  • Part 3: Water, Chemicals, and Atmosphere

  • Part 4: Road Systems and Further Perspectives


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Part 1: Roads, Vehicles, and Ecology

  • Road Ecology Defined/History

  • History of Roadway Systems

    • US/Canada

    • Size, Growth and Patterns

    • Roadway Infrastructure (e.g., Roadside, Bridges, etc.)

  • Vehicles and Planning

    • Automobile Impacts

    • Vehicles (Size, Fuel, and Technologies)

    • Planning and Project Development

    • Air Quality Models, etc.


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Road Ecology- Definition

  • Road - “…an open way for the passage of vehicles…”

  • Ecology - “…the study of interactions between organisms and the environment.”

  • Road Ecology - “…the interaction of organisms and the environment linked to roads and vehicles.”

  • The Exploration of the Relationships between the Natural Environment and the Road System


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Part 2: Vegetation and Wildlife

  • Roadsides and Vegetation

    • Reading the Roadside and Roadside Vegetation and Plants

    • Roadside Habitats and Animals

    • Roadside Management

  • Wildlife Populations

    • Road Mortality and Factors that Impact It

    • Changes in Amount/Quality of Habitat

    • Landscape Connectivity

    • Cumulative Effects and Road Density


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Part 2 (Continued)

  • Mitigation for Wildlife

    • Measures for Mortality, Habitat Loss, and Reduced Habitat Quality

    • Types of Underpasses/Overpasses

    • Factor Impacting Wildlife Passage Use

    • Summary and Effectiveness

    • Mitigation Case Studies

  • Most Relevant Chapter and will be Used in Wildlife Crossing Summary of Toolbox


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Part 3: Water, Chemicals, and Atmosphere

  • Water and Sediment Flows

    • Erosion and Sediment Control

    • Relationship between Roads and Water

    • Road Types, Land Use, and Water

  • Chemicals Along Roads

    • Sources, Dispersion, Ecological Effects

    • Roadsalt

    • Best Management Practices


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Part 3 (Continued)

  • Aquatic Ecosystems

    • Habitat, Connectivity, and Roads

    • Lakes, Wetlands, and Salt Marshes

    • Streams/Rivers and Bridges/Culverts

  • Wind and Atmospheric Effects

    • Microclimates, Wind, and Windbreaks

    • Dust and Erosion, Snow and Snowbreaks

    • Vehicle Disturbance/Traffic Noise

    • Local, Regional, and Global Impacts


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Part 4: Road Sys. and Further Perspectives

  • Road Systems and the Land

    • Road Ecology and Network Theory

    • Spatial Attributes and Changes in Networks

    • Impacts of Road System on Adjacent Land and the Impacts of Land on the Road System

  • Four Landscapes with Road Systems

    • Built Land

    • Forestry Land

    • Agricultural Land

    • Grazing/Arid Land


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Part 4 (Continued)

  • Roads/Vehicles in Natural Landscape

    • Remote Land

    • Parkland

    • The Artic and the Tropics

  • Further Perspective (The Future)

    • Road Ecology and Sustainability

    • Potential Policy/Planning Solutions

    • Some Perspectives for Future Policy, Planning, and Projects


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Pre-Publishing Comments

  • “Road Ecology is the “Silent Spring” of transportation. Unless we move rapidly from road engineering to road ecology, we will soon live in a world of squashed and fragmented ecosystems. Without pretension and hyperbole, this book calmly lays out both the scientific case for an ecological approach to transportation problem solving, and provides the roadmap for getting there. It is a huge contribution to the transportation and planning professions”

    David Burwell, President, STPP


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Pre-Publishing Comments (Cont.)

  • “…synthesize[s] the varied ecological costs and benefits of roads, highlighting both what we know and what we don’t. In the process, they are initiating a new, ecologically sensitive approach to planning.”

    John Wein, Scientist, The Nature Conservancy

  • “An impressive and much needed synthesis that ‘maps a road’ forward for scientific discovery and better transportation planning and action. A must read for transportation specialists and ecologists alike.”

    Kathryn Freemark, Ecologist, Environment CA


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Pre-Publishing Comments (Cont.)

  • “This book provides a roadmap for safeguarding wildlife, vegetation and water quality while we move ahead with our goals of reducing traffic congestion, enhancing safety and improving movement of goods to every corner of our state.”

    Jeff Morales, Director of Caltrans


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My Conclusions

  • My Background:

    • Not Completely Finished with Book

    • Engineering/Traffic Safety Focus

    • Animal Mortality Focus

    • Solution/Countermeasure Focus

  • Found the Mitigation for Wildlife Chapter Helpful

  • Unfortunately Some Similar Countermeasure Conclusions based on Poor Research/Author Background


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My Conclusions (Continued)

  • “Reality Check” Issue

  • Also Found the Roadsides and Vegetation Chapter Interesting

  • Wide Range of Perspectives for Policy and Programming of Roadways

  • Great Document for Discussion of the Wide Range of Roadway Environmental Impacts (Water, Noise, Air, and Animal Mortality)

  • An Interesting Read Overall


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Questions and Discussion

Website: www.deercrash.com


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