Adult and continuing education qualifying the actors guidance and counselling
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ADULT AND CONTINUING EDUCATION: QUALIFYING THE ACTORS - GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING. Thematic Input for Workshop 3 Qualifying the Actors in adult and continuing education: trends and perspectives 3-5 May, Bonn, Germany By Dr John McCarthy

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ADULT AND CONTINUING EDUCATION: QUALIFYING THE ACTORS - GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING

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Adult and continuing education qualifying the actors guidance and counselling

ADULT AND CONTINUING EDUCATION: QUALIFYING THE ACTORS -GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING

Thematic Input for Workshop 3

Qualifying the Actors in adult and continuing education: trends and perspectives

3-5 May, Bonn, Germany

By Dr John McCarthy

International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy,

Strasbourg, France

[email protected]


Defining guidance and counselling

DEFINING GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING

  • POLITICAL DEFINITION: a range of activities that enables citizens of any age and at any point in their lives to:

  • Identify their capacities, competences and interests

  • Make meaningful educational, training and occupational decisions

  • Manage their individual lifepaths in learning, work or other settings in which these capacities and competences are learned and/or used

  • Source: EU Council of Education Ministers Resolution on Lifelong Guidance (2004)


Examples of guidance activities

EXAMPLES OF GUIDANCE ACTIVITIES

  • Information and advice giving

  • Counselling

  • Competence assessment

  • Mentoring

  • Advocacy

  • Teaching decision-making and career management skills

  • Source: EU Council of Ministers of Education Resolution on Lifelong Guidance (2004)


Aims of adult educational guidance

AIMS OF ADULT EDUCATIONAL GUIDANCE

  • TO ASSIST CITIZENS:

  • TO REVIEW ALL OPTIONS AND TO IDENTIFY LEARNING/TRAINING OBJECTIVES

  • TO COPE WITH THE VOCATIONAL AND PERSONALIMPLICATIONS OF LEARNING/TRAINING

  • TO MANAGE HER/HIS EDUCATIONAL, VOCATIONAL AND PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT AND TO INTERRELATE THESE

  • TO PROVIDE CITIZEN WITH CONTINUITY OF SUPPORT ACROSS SUBJECTS AND TUTORS/TRAINERS

  • TO SUPPORT CITIZEN IN LONG-TERM PLANNING

  • TO IDENTIFY AND VALIDATE THE COMPETENCES THEY HAVE ACQUIRED THROUGH NON-FORMAL AND INFORMAL LEARNING


The political importance of lifelong guidance provision

THE POLITICAL IMPORTANCE OF LIFELONG GUIDANCE PROVISION

  • ENHANCING THE EFFICIENCY OF INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING, LIFELONG LEARNING, AND HUMAN CAPITAL AND WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT

  • A KEY INSTRUMENT FOR EDUCATION AND TRAINING INSTITUTIONS TO IMPROVE THE QUALITY AND PROVISION OF LEARNING

  • SUPPORT LEARNING AT ALL AGES AND IN A RANGE OF SETTINGS, EMPOWER CITIZENS TO MANAGE THEIR LEARNING AND WORK, PARTICULARLY MAKING IT EASY FOR THEM TO ACCESS AND PROGRESS THROUGH DIVERSE LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES AND CAREER PATHWAYS

  • ACHIEVEMENT OF EU PUBLIC POLICY GOALS: ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT; LABOUR MARKET EFFCIENCY; OCCUPATIONAL AND GEOGRAPHIC MOBILITY; SOCIAL INCLUSION; SOCIAL EQUITY; GENDER EQUALITY; AND ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP

  • Source: Council of Education Ministers Resolution on Lifelong Guidance (2004)


Never too late to learn 2006

NEVER TOO LATE TO LEARN (2006)

  • Lift barriers to participation

  • Ensure the quality of adult learning

  • Recognise and validate learning outcomes

  • Invest in the ageing population and immigrants

  • Be in a position to measure progress


The reality of guidance provision for adults

THE REALITY OF GUIDANCE PROVISION FOR ADULTS

  • Very few countries have guidance services for adults

  • Where they exist, they are generally part of the service of the Public Employment Services, for unemployed persons, and with a focus on job placement

  • Employed people are less likely to access such services

  • Very little private sector provision (excluding recruitment and outplacement)

  • Guidance provision in adult and continuing education largely unquantified

  • Source: OECD, CEDEFOP, ETF and World Bank international reviews of policies for career guidance (from 2001 to present)


Good examples of adult education guidance services

GOOD EXAMPLES OF ADULT EDUCATION GUIDANCE SERVICES

  • LEARNDIRECT NATIONAL TELEPHONE HELPLINE SERVICES, UK

  • ADULT EDUCATION GUIDANCE INITIATIVES, IRELAND, SLOVENIA

  • CENTRES DU BILAN DES COMPETENCES, FRANCE

  • AFPA, France

  • TRADE UNION CONGRESS, UK

  • RESPONSES OF INDIVIDUAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING INSTITUTIONS IN MANY COUNTRIES


Research results on adult education participants guidance needs

RESEARCH RESULTS ON ADULT EDUCATION PARTICIPANTS GUIDANCE NEEDS

  • 80% choose the course first, 20% the institution

  • 60% wish for guidance both before and after making a choice

  • 75% wish to have the option of a one to one delivery service

  • 80% wish for a locally based guidance service

  • 44% prefer weekday evening services and

    24 % weekday morning services

  • Source: Guidance in Adult and Continuing Education (Ireland) 1998


Research results on adult education participants guidance needs1

RESEARCH RESULTS ON ADULT EDUCATION PARTICIPANTS’ GUIDANCE NEEDS

  • 60% willing to pay for such a service

  • Information and counselling most important elements of guidance

  • Clear information on course content/demands a priority element, with career destination information a second

  • Source: Guidance in Adult and Continuing Education (Ireland) 1998


Features of guidance provision in adult and continuing education

FEATURES OF GUIDANCE PROVISION IN ADULT AND CONTINUING EDUCATION

  • ROLE OF THE ADULT EDUCATION TUTOR (INFORMATION, ADVICE, STUDY SUPPORT, REFERRAL, ADVOCACY)

  • ROLE OF ADULT EDUCATION GUIDANCE PRACTITIONER (ALL OF ABOVE PLUS COUNSELLING; ASSESSMENT; FOLLOW-UP; NETWORKING; TEACHING CAREER MANAGEMENT SKILLS; IDENTIFYING COMPETENCES ACQUIRED INFORMALLY)

  • OVERLAPPING AND COMPLEMENTARY


Adult education guidance stages

ADULT EDUCATION GUIDANCE STAGES

  • BEFORE ENTRY TO A COURSE/PROGRAMME

  • ON COMMENCEMENT OF A COURSE/PROGRAMME

  • DURING THE COURSE/PROGRAMME

  • BEFORE COMPLETION OF A COURSE/PROGRAMME

  • AFTER COMPLETION OF A COURSE/PROGRAMME


Levels of adult education guidance service

LEVELS OF ADULT EDUCATION GUIDANCE SERVICE

  • SELF-HELP, LITTLE ASSISTANCE

  • INITIAL CONSULTATION WITH A TRAINED ADVISOR – TO CLARIFY NEEDS, INDICATE APPROPRIATE PATHWAYS AND/OR REFERRAL>SOME ASSISTANCE

  • MORE SPECIALISED SUPPORT – SUCH AS COUNSELLING (PERSONAL, EDUCATIONAL, CAREER) AND ASSESSMENT >INTENSIVE ASSISTANCE


Eu common principles for lifelong guidance 2004

EU COMMON PRINCIPLES FOR LIFELONG GUIDANCE (2004)

  • Independence: respects the freedom of choice of the citizen

  • Impartiality: the citizen’s interest is primary

  • Confidentiality: citizen’s right to privacy

  • Equal opportunities: in learning and work promoted

  • Holistic: valuing of the personal, social,, cultural and economic context of a citizen’s decision-making

  • IMPLICATIONS FOR TRAINING AND COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT/FOR QUALIFYING THE ACTORS?


Eu common principles for lifelong guidance 20041

EU COMMON PRINCIPLES FOR LIFELONG GUIDANCE (2004)

  • Empowerment: teaching citizens to become competent at planning and managing their individual pathways and transitions

  • Active involvement: guidance as a collaborative activity; co-construction

  • IMPLICATIONS FOR TRAINING AND COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT/FOR QUALIFYING THE ACTORS?


Eu common principles for lifelong guidance 20042

EU COMMON PRINCIPLES FOR LIFELONG GUIDANCE (2004)

  • Transparency: nature of the guidance service is immediately obvious to citizen

  • Friendliness and empathy

  • Continuity: support for citizens through a range of transitions across their lifespan

  • Availability: any point in one’s life

  • Accessibility: modes, times, locations

  • Responsiveness: methods that address diversity of needs

  • IMPLICATIONS FOR TRAINING AND COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT/FOR QUALIFYING THE ACTORS?


Eu common principles for lifelong guidance 20043

EU COMMON PRINCIPLES FOR LIFELONG GUIDANCE (2004)

  • Appropriateness of methods: theoretical and/or scientific base, relevant for purpose

  • Continuous improvement: regular feedback from citizens; continuous training for staff

  • Right of redress: formal complaints procedure

  • Competent staff: nationally accredited competences to address the citizen’s needs; also knows when to refer citizen for more appropriate help

  • IMPLICATIONS FOR TRAINING AND COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT/FOR QUALIFYING THE ACTORS?


Eu common reference points for quality assurance for guidance 2005

EU COMMON REFERENCE POINTS FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR GUIDANCE (2005)

  • 5 categories of which practitioner competence is one:

  • To possess the competence relevant to the guidance activity provided;

  • To hold or to be working towards a relevant qualification to acquire the competences;

  • Monitoring and inspection of work of guidance practitioner with a focus on outcomes of interventions

  • On-going professional development

  • Involvement of relevant stakeholders in the development of standards and QA procedures

  • IMPLICATIONS FOR TRAINING AND COMPETENCE DEVELOPMENT/FOR QUALIFYING THE ACTORS?


Key questions for qualifying the actors in adult education guidance and counselling

KEY QUESTIONS FOR QUALIFYING THE ACTORS IN ADULT EDUCATION GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING?

  • Which targeted training should be given to adult education tutors AND programme managers to support them in the guidance aspects of their work?

  • How to construct national training and qualifications pathways to enable persons to progress in a learner friendly way from non-expert to expert guidance roles?

  • And also to support differentiated staff roles with respect to guidance provision in a three level service approach?

  • How can the validation of non-formal and informal learning national systems be used to place value on the experience and work of persons who have been providing guidance informally to adult education participants for many years?


Key questions for qualifying the actors in adult education guidance and counselling1

KEY QUESTIONS FOR QUALIFYING THE ACTORS IN ADULT EDUCATION GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING?

  • How can EU resolutions, tools and instruments be used at national and regional levels both tolobby for adequate adult education guidance provision and,

  • Toinform the content of training programmes for adult education guidance practitioners?

  • How can adult education guidance best fit in a lifelong guidance system involving different providers working in partnership?

  • How can an evidence base be developed to make the case for adult education guidance provision?


Good example of training programme university of strathclyde scotland

GOOD EXAMPLE OF TRAINING PROGRAMME (UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE, SCOTLAND)

  • ADULT GUIDANCE CERTIFICATE:

  • MODULES:

  • COUNSELLING AND INTERVIEW SKILLS

  • INFORMATION SYSTEMS AND COMPUTER ASSISTED GUIDANCE

  • GUIDANCE NETWORKS

  • QUALITY ASSURANCE

  • ORGANISATIONAL GUIDANCE POLICY


Good example of training programme university of strathclyde scotland1

GOOD EXAMPLE OF TRAINING PROGRAMME (UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE, SCOTLAND)

  • DIPLOMA IN ADULT OF GUIDANCE:

  • MODULES

  • ACCREDITATION OF PRIOR AND WORK-BASED LEARNING

  • EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES AND ETHNIC MINORITIES

  • GUIDANCE, MARKETING AND CUSTOMER CARE

  • MANAGEMENT AND STAFF DEVELOPMENT IN ADULT GUIDANCE

  • ONGOING GUIDANCE, TUTORING; AND LEARNING SUPPORT


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