1. Theoretical Science:

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2. 3. Stagira, Macedon Nicomachus Amyntas ? ? Aristotle Philip ? ? Nicomachus Alexander. 4. 5. 6. Aristotle ??? Stagira 367 ????,??? Plato ??? ?? Plato ?? 60 ? 356 Alexander ?? 347 Plato ??,Aristotle ?? Assos 343 Aristotle ? Philip ??,??? ? Alexander ????? .

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1. 1 ??? ??????????????? (?)????? (?)???????? (?)???? (?)?????

2. 2

3. 3 Stagira, Macedon Nicomachus Amyntas ? ? Aristotle Philip ? ? Nicomachus Alexander

4. 4

5. 5

6. 6 Aristotle ??? Stagira 367 ????,??? Plato ??? ?? Plato ?? 60 ? 356 Alexander ?? 347 Plato ??,Aristotle ?? Assos 343 Aristotle ? Philip ??,??? ? Alexander ?????

7. 7

8. 8 Philip ??,Alexander ?? 335 Aristotle ????,???? (the Lyceum),????,?? ??????? 323 Alexander ??,??????? ???????,???? 322 Aristotle ????????,? ???? Chalcis

9. 9

10. 10 Aristotle ??????: Categories, Prior Analytics, Posterior Analytics, Topics, Physics, Metaphysics, On the Soul, History of Animals, Nicomachean Ethics, Politics, Phetoric, Poetics

11. 11 ??? ??????????????? (?)????? (?)???????? (?)???? (?)?????

12. 12 1. Theoretical Science(??????):

13. 13 (1)?????????? truth(?? ???????????),??? ????????,??????? ???

14. 14

15. 15 ?????,?????,??????????,?????????…?????????,?????????????????????,?????????????????,??????????????????????????……

16. 16 …??,???????????,???????????????????(??????????????????),???????????,????????…??????????????????????,??????????????? Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 1094a1-28.

17. 17 master science the highest good happiness (eudaimonia) living well and acting well

18. 18 ???,??????????,???????????????????,?????????????,?????????,???????????,???????????????,???????????????,?????????????…… ???????(autarkeia)??,???????????????????????????????????????,???????,??????????,????,???????????????????,???????????……????????,????????,?????????????????

19. 19 ??,?????????,??????????,???????????????????????,?????????:?????,?????,???????????????,????????????????????,????????????,???????……???????????????,??????????……?????????????????????????????,???????????????? Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, pp. 9-10.

20. 20 telos:end ??????????????

21. 21 ??????????:

22. 22 ??? ??????????????? (?)????? (?)???????? (?)???? (?)?????

23. 23 ??(Soul)???: (1) rational (in the strict sense) (2) appetitive (half rational) (3) vegetative (nutrition, growth)

24. 24 ?????: (1)intellectual virtue: ????????? (2)ethical virtue: ???????????? ??????

25. 25 ????,?????????,????????????,??????????????……????????,???????????,????????????????……????????,??????,?????,??????,?????????????,?????,?????……????????????,??????????????????,????????,???????????????????????,?????????????????????????????,????????????? Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, pp. 27-29.

26. 26 ??-??-??

27. 27 ?????, ?? *—*—*, ?? *———*—*, ? *—*———*?

28. 28 ?????????(????????),???????????,????????????????????,?????????????????????????,??????????????????????,?????????;????????????,???????????????????????????,???????????????? Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, pp. 25-26.

29. 29 ??? ??????????????? (?)????? (?)???????? (?)???? (?)?????

30. 30 ?????????:

31. 31 (a)???? (distributive justice) A1/A2=?1/?2 (b)???? (corrective justice) ????,???

32. 32 ??—??—?? ??—??—??

33. 33 friendship (philia) (1) for each other’s good (2) for their usefulness to each other (3) for the sake of pleasure

34. 34 ?????????,?????,??????????????????????????,????????????????????????????;?????????????????,???????????????????????????????? Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, p. 140.

35. 35

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