Youth substance use prevention a focus on protective factors
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Youth Substance Use Prevention – A Focus on Protective Factors. Laurie L. Meschke, Ph.D. Joän M. Patterson, Ph.D. Division of Epidemiology University of Minnesota. Resilience.

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Youth substance use prevention a focus on protective factors l.jpg

Youth Substance Use Prevention – A Focus on Protective Factors

Laurie L. Meschke, Ph.D.

Joän M. Patterson, Ph.D.

Division of Epidemiology

University of Minnesota


Resilience l.jpg
Resilience Factors

  • The process by which successful developmental or adaptive outcomes occur within a high-risk environment and/or stressful circumstances

  • Requires:

    • Risk factors

    • Protective factors


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Individual Resilience Processes Factors

  • Protective Processes:

    • Self-perceived competence

    • Academic competence

    • Healthy interactions with adults

    • Religion and prayer

    • Anti-alcohol norms

    • Social skills


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Family Resilience Processes Factors

  • Marital harmony

  • Parents abstain

  • Family management

  • Psychologically healthy parents


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Family Resilience Processes Factors(cont.)

  • Family hardiness

  • Parental support

  • Family bonding

  • Family connectedness

  • Healthy parent-adolescent communication


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Community Resilience Processes Factors

  • Student autonomy and influences

  • School norms

  • School connectedness

  • School sense of community


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Community Resilience Processes Factors(cont.)

  • No tolerance approach

  • Local law enforcement

  • Higher alcohol prices


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Conclusions Factors

  • Prevention opportunities exist at the individual, family, and community levels

  • Prevention can enhance protective factors in addition to or instead of decreasing risk factors


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