WORLD POLITICS – Lecture 7
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WORLD POLITICS – Lecture 7. 3. HEGEMONIC STABILITY IN REALISM (1): Anarchic Structures and Balances of Power (Kenneth Waltz) . Interdependence and Integration. A national system is not one of self-help. The international system is.

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3. HEGEMONIC STABILITY IN REALISM (1): Anarchic Structures and Balances of Power (Kenneth Waltz)


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Interdependence and Integration

  • A national system is not one of self-help. The international system is.

  • “Integration” describes the conditions within nations and “interdependence” describes the condition among them.

  • Interdependence: the cobbler depends on the tailor for his pants and the tailor depends on the cobbler for his shoes.

  • In this condition, the cost of breaking the interdependence would be high, because of the dependence on one another. (Different tasks performed, different goods produced.)


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Limitation of cooperation

  • A state worries about gains that may favor other states than itself

  • A state worries to be too dependent on other states for goods and services

  • The domestic imperative is “specialize”

  • The international imperative is “take care of yourself”


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Structures and Strategies

  • Structures cause actions to have consequences they were not intended to have

  • Unaffected structure leads to no changes in the intentions and actions

  • Changing distribution of capabilities across units will change structures


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Anarchic conditions

  • People, states in anarchic condition must rely on means they can generate and the arrangements they can make for themselves

  • Self-help is the necessary principle of action in anarchic order

  • Organizational cost is low, but a self-help situation is one of high risk


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Anarchy and Hierarchy

  • Anarchy = absence of government + disorder + chaos

    • In anarchies, the exact likeness of states and the determination of relations by capability alone would describe a realm of politics and power with no authority above

    • Hierarchy = order + differentiation

      • Complete differentiation would produce authority while interactions among states do not affect politics and power


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