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UNITED STATES COAST GUARD 25 August 2004. NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD MS701: FORUM – Personal Flotation Devices in Recreational Boating. Captain Scott Evans, Chief, Office of Boating Safety. USCG NATIONAL RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY PROGRAM. MISSION:

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UNITED STATES COAST GUARD25 August 2004

NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION SAFETY BOARD

MS701: FORUM – Personal Flotation Devices in Recreational Boating

Captain Scott Evans, Chief, Office of Boating Safety


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USCG NATIONAL RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY PROGRAM

MISSION:

To minimize the loss of life, personal injury, property damage, and environmental impact associated with the use of recreational boats, through preventive means, in order to maximize the safe use and enjoyment of U.S. waterways by the public.


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USCG NATIONAL RECREATIONAL BOATING SAFETY PROGRAM

OUTCOME GOALS:

  • Reduce fatalities.

  • Reduce injuries and associated healthcare costs.

  • Reduce accidents and property damage.


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RISK-BASED DECISION MAKING

  • A PROCESS THAT ORGANIZES INFORMATION ABOUT:

    • the possibility for one or more unwanted outcomes

    • into a broad, orderly structure

    • that helps decision makers make more informed management choices.


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RISK-BASED DECISION MAKING

FOCUS ON THE HIGHEST RISK OF AN

ACTIVITY, DETERMINED BY:

  • The types of possible losses,

  • The frequencies at which they are expected to occur, and

  • The effects they might have.


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Registered Boats: 12,766,536

Accidents: 5,443

Injuries:3,888

Fatalities: 703

Ages 12 and Under: 27

Most Reported Types of Boats in Accidents:

Open Motorboats: 43%

PWC: 27%

Cabin Motorboats: 14%

2003 BOATING ACCIDENT STATISTICS


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BOATING ACCIDENT STATISTICSFIVE-YEAR (1999 – 2003) TREND

* Amended reporting criteria, effective July.


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2003 TOP-5 TYPES OF ACCIDENTS, INJURIES AND FATALITIES

Numbers in ( ) = rank


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2003 CAUSE OF DEATH


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1999 - 2003 DROWNING DEATHS


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INITIAL ASPECTS OF THE HIGHEST RISK

FATALITIES:

  • 481 of the 703 fatalities in CY 2003 due to drowning.

    DROWNINGS:

  • 416 of the 481 drowning victims were not wearing a PFD.


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2003 DROWNINGS BY TYPE OF ACCIDENT/PFD WEAR


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2003 TYPES OF ACCIDENTS,DROWNINGS & PFD WEAR (con’t.)


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1999 - 2003 DROWNINGS/TYPE OF BOAT/PFD WORN --NOT WORN

PWC

Sail

Airboat

Other

Rowboat

Unknown

Pontoon

Aux. Sail

Cabin Mtr.

Houseboat

Open Mtr.

Canoe/Kayak

Inflatable


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1999 - 2003 DROWNINGS TYPE OF BOAT - PFD WEAR


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2003 OBSERVED PFD WEAR RATE* YOUTH – UNDER 18 YEARS

ADULTS – 18 YEARS & OLDER

Canoe

Kayak

Pontoon

PWC

Sailboard

Day Sail

Cabin Sail

Cabin Mtr.

Houseboat

Skiff/Utility

Inflat./Raft

Row/Dinghy

Runabout/Speed

*JSI National PFD Wear Rate Observational Study -- 2003


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2003 DROWNINGS AGE OF VICTIM

AGE OF VICTIM


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2003 DROWNINGS BOATS 16’ & UNDER PFD WORN --NOT WORN

BOAT LENGTH


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2003 DROWNINGS BOATS 17’ TO 28’ PFD WORN --NOT WORN

BOAT LENGTH


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2003 - DROWNINGSBOAT LENGTH & PFD WEAR


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2003 - DROWNINGSBOAT LENGTH & PFD WEAR


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2003 - DROWNINGSBOAT LENGTH & PFD WEAR


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2003 - DROWNINGSBOAT LENGTH & PFD WEAR


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1999 - 2003DROWNINGS/BOATS 28’ & UNDER/PFD WORN --NOT WORN


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1999 - 2003 DROWNINGS / BOATS 28’ & UNDER – RUNNING TOTALS PFD WORN --NOT WORN


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1999 - 2003 DROWNINGS BOATS 15’ & UNDER RUNNING TOTALS


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1999 - 2003 DROWNINGS BOATS 16’ TO 28’ RUNNING TOTALS


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KEY ASPECTS OF THE HIGHEST RISK

  • FATALITIES: Due to drowning.

  • DROWNINGS:PFDs were not worn by victims.

  • BOATS: Various boat lengths, particularly those less than 21’.

    • Possible types of boats include open motorboats, canoes/kayaks and rowboats.


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2003 - POTENTIAL LIVES SAVED DUE TO PFD WEAR


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THE NEXT STEPS…

  • Follow through with National Boating Safety Advisory Council (NBSAC) recommendation to increase PFD Wear Rate on High-risk Vessels (Under 21’ LOA) through identified strategies.

    • Intermediate Goals*:

      • 2003 overall measured PFD wear rate:22%.

      • 2005 target overall PFD wear rate:27.5%.

      • 2006 target overall PFD wear rate:33%.

      • 2007 overall PFD wear rate goal:44%.

  • NBSAC will “evaluate the reports at each meeting and be expected to recommend whatever other measures they deem necessary to significantly increase PFD wear.”**


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“A mind once stretched by a new idea never returns to its original dimensions.”


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