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The Negative Side of Enlargement:. Anti-Immigration Feelings and Right-Wing Politics. The Enlargement Towards the East. 2007: Bulgaria and Romania 2004: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia. 1995: Austria, Finland, Sweden

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The Negative Side of Enlargement:

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The negative side of enlargement l.jpg

The Negative Side of Enlargement:

Anti-Immigration Feelings and

Right-Wing Politics


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The Enlargement Towards the East

  • 2007: Bulgaria and Romania

  • 2004: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia.

  • 1995: Austria, Finland, Sweden

  • 1980s: Greece, Portugal, Spain.

  • 1973: Denmark, Ireland, U.K.


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European Union 2007


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The Emergence of Enlargement Fatigue: Some Empirical Facts


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Why the Negative attitude?

  • The new members are at much lower levels of economic development


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GDP per capita in the new member states in PPP (2005)


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Why the Negative attitude?

  • Magnitude of enlargement: population growth from 380 million to 494 million.

  • Different nature of the EU/EC:

    • Regional Development Fund

    • Freedom of movement across countries since 1992


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The European Regional Development Fund: Eligibility 1994-1999


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The European Regional Development Fund: Eligibility 2000-2006


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Italy’s Backlash against Romanians

  • November 2007 a Romanian raped and killed an Italian woman

  • Violence against the Roma camps in the main cities

  • It helped Berlusconi come back to power

  • Thousands of Romanians were rounded and sent back.


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Backlash against Romas

  • Gypsy encampments outside all major Italian cities

  • 2008 Emergenza Nomadi

    • 150,000 gypsies in Italy

    • Gates around camps

    • Finger prints

  • Three camps in Naples were burned to the ground


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Where do gypsies come from and why?

  • Most gypsies live in Eastern Europe:

  • Why? Video:

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c5TcutjWz-o&playnext_from=TL&videos=GYgkKJCFIJU


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Enlargement and the Right-Wing Parties

  • The negative aspects of the Enlargement are brought to the electorate by the new right wing parties.

  • What do the right wing parties stand for?

    • Anti- Immigration and anti EU

    • Nationalism and xenophobia

    • Traditional values of the society


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A list of right-wing parties in Western Europe

  • Austria: Freedom Party

  • Belgium: National Front, Flemish Block

  • Denmark: Progress Party

  • France: National Front

  • Germany: German People’s Union

  • Italy: Lega Nord, Tricolor Flame

  • Netherlands: Pim Fortuyn List

  • Spain: National Alliance, National Union

  • UK: UK Independence Party


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Right-Wing Parties and Immigration

Front National: ‘At the origin of most of most of the problems of our country for the last thirty years there has been a menacing immigration policy that has been perpetuated by successive governments.’

EP elections: 2009: 6.3; 2004: 10%; 1999: 5.7

UKIP: We will freeze immigration for five years, speed up deportation of up to a million illegal immigrants by tripling the numbers engaged in deportations, and have ‘no home no visa’ work permits to ease the housing crisis.’

EP elections: 2009: 16%; 2004: 16%; 1999: 7%


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