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The Meiji Restoration. Issues of the 1860s. Adjustments to treaties and international trade Silver drain Strengthening of Satsuma and Choshu Presence of foreigners Richardson Affair, 1862 Bombardment of Kagoshima, 1863

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Issues of the 1860s

  • Adjustments to treaties and international trade

    • Silver drain

  • Strengthening of Satsuma and Choshu

  • Presence of foreigners

    • Richardson Affair, 1862

    • Bombardment of Kagoshima, 1863

    • Choshu bombardment of ships in Straits of Shimonoseki, 1863; retaliation 1864


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Issues of the 1860s (cont.)

  • Growing prestige of Imperial court

    • Kobu gattai - union of Court and bakufu

  • Antiforeignism

    • Sonno joi - revere the Emperor, expel the barbarians

  • Foreign political interference

    • French in Edo - Leon Roches

    • British in Satsuma and Choshu - Harry Parkes


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The Restoration movement

  • Assassination of Ii Naosuke, March 1860

  • Leadership of Satsuma and Choshu Han

    • Bakufu failure to subdue them

  • France and Britain take sides

  • New Emperor (Meiji), February 1867

  • Shogun Tokugawa Keiki resigns, November 1867

    • Satsuma and Choshu want more - lands and defenses

  • Seizure of Imperial Palace, January 3, 1868

  • Restoration wars

    • Toba Fushimi, January 1868

    • Tokugawa Navy holdouts, surrender June 1869


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Leading personalities of the Meiji Restoration

  • Choshu

    • Kido Koin (1833-1877)

    • Ito Hirobumi (1841-1909)

    • Yamagara Aritomo (1838-1922)

    • Inoue Kaoru (1836-1915)

  • Satsuma

    • Saigo Takamori (1828-1877)

    • Okubo Toshimichi (1830-1878)

    • Matsukata Masayoshi (1835-1924)

  • Tosa

    • Itagaki Taisuke (1837-1919)

  • Hizen

    • Okuma Shigenobu (1838-1922)


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Nature of the new regime

  • Young, samurai leadership

  • Charter Oath, 1868


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