PANic Ministry of Development, Industry and Trade MIFIC The Situation of Environmental Goods in Nicaragua with Reference to the APEC and OECD Lists
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Ministry of Development, Industry and TradeMIFIC
The Situation of Environmental Goods in Nicaragua with Reference to the APEC and OECD Lists
A study conducted within the framework of the UNCTAD project “Building Capacity for Improved Policy Making and Negotiation on Key Trade and Environment Issues” (INT/0T/AQ).
José Guillermo López López
Head of Foreign Trade Policy, (DPCE), MIFIC.
“the reduction or, as appropriate, elimination of tariff or non-tariff barriers to environmental goods and services”.
Doha Ministerial Declaration, paragraph 31(ii).
Has been considered within the context of national environmental issues, but not directly
MARENA (Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources
Has not been developed in a manner specifically linked to trade
Provides resources needed for production
A place to deposit wastes and residues that generate production and consumption
A source of services related to enjoyment of the environment: scenic beauty, clean air, etc.
Inputs and raw materials
Air purifiers, water purifiers, aspirators, etc.
Natural medicine, etc.
Chlorine, chemicals, etc.
Eliminate bound tariffs
Remove non-tariff barriers
Reduce import tariff to 0%
Result: to allow access free of trade barriers, so as to encourage their use in less costly conditions, thereby promoting an environment that is better protected and preserved.
The standard definition used in some countries does not relate to trade:
“Tangible resources used by human beings as production inputs or for final consumption and which are used up and transformed in the process”.
The definition normally used:Makes no reference to any environmental properties.Covers products of all types.Relates more to ‘friendly’ production methods and processes.
Wood, fruit, animal hides, meat, seeds, medicines, etc.
“Environmental goods are goods which allow raw materials, inputs, capital goods and consumer goods in general to be produced and marketed under technologically and ecologically rational conditions, which allow compliance with environmental requirements in international markets, and which aim to preserve and protect the environment and human, plant and animal health. This includes cleaner technologies and products which reduce environmental risks and minimize pollution and the use of resources”.
No major sensitivities at WTO level as no APEC or OECD products were bound at levels higher than the overall 40%. Of these, 70% enjoy 0% MFN.