Sociocultural theory;. Today’s Lecture: The social origin of mental functioning Mediated action The Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) Tuesday 29.08.06 [email protected] The social origin of mental functioning: .
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(Cultural, institutional, historical forces)
James, age 5, comes into the kitchen just as his mother has taken some cakes out of the oven. There is a loud, metallic ”Crack.” (extract from Wells 1999, xi)
James: Who did that?
Mother: I expect it was that tin contracting
James: Which tin?
Mother: The one with your pastery in
James : Why did it make that noise?
Mother: Well, When it was in the oven, it got very
hot and stretched a bit. I’ve just taken it out of the
oven, and it’s cooling down very quickly, you see,
and that noise happens when it gets smaller again
and goes back to its ordinary shape
James: Oh! Was it a different shape in the oven?
Mother: Not very different. Just a little bigger
James: Naughty little tin. You might get smacked – if you do it again
A system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviors, and artifacts, conscious and unconscious, transmitted across generations through learning.
Subject and object are seen not only as ”directly” connected but simultaneously
as ”indirectly” connected through a medium constituted of artefacts (Culture).
His social theory involves the interplay between 1. and 2.
I. Phylo- genesis (Evolutionary)
II. Historical (sociocultural)