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School Improvement and Restructuring under Differentiated Accountability. Lake County Cheryl L. Sattler, Ph.D Ethica, LLC. No Child Left Behind. Passed 2001, law 2002 “Due” for renewal 2007 Renewal (reauthorization) timing uncertain New regulations coming in November

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school improvement and restructuring under differentiated accountability

School Improvement and Restructuring under Differentiated Accountability

Lake County

Cheryl L. Sattler, Ph.D

Ethica, LLC

no child left behind
No Child Left Behind
  • Passed 2001, law 2002
  • “Due” for renewal 2007
  • Renewal (reauthorization) timing uncertain
  • New regulations coming in November
  • Lots of changes - “pilots”
school in need of improvement status
School In Need of Improvement Status
  • Under NCLB, only Title I schools are SINI

REQUIREMENTS:

    • School receives Title I-A funds for 2 years
    • School fails to make AYP for EACH of those 2 years
    • If School receives Title I-A funds the next year, it is a school in need of improvement

EXAMPLE:

    • 2004-2005 – Title I-A + No AYP
    • 2005-2006 – Title I-A + No AYP
    • 2006-2007 – Title I-A School in Need of Improvement, Year 1 (SINI-1)
under differentiated accountability
Under Differentiated Accountability…
  • All schools must make AYP
  • Only Title I schools are still SINI
  • Both Title I and non-Title I schools are graded
  • Accountability applies to all schools
core of nclb title i
“Core” of NCLB = Title I
  • Testing
    • Grades 2-8, plus 1 high school grade
    • Reading, Math, Science
    • Florida adds Writing
  • Accountability (Adequate Yearly Progress)
  • School and District Improvement
schools in need of improvement
Schools in Need of Improvement
  • SINI 1 = 2 years of no AYP
  • SINI 2 = 3 years of no AYP

Corrective Action

  • SINI 3 = 4 years of no AYP

Planning for Restructuring

  • SINI 4 = 5 years of no AYP

Restructuring

  • SINI 5 = 6 years of no AYP
  • SINI 6+
when is sini status calculated
When is SINI Status Calculated?
  • After FCAT
  • Status takes effect DAY 1 of NEXT school year
  • Example: Dolphin Elementary is a SINI-3 this school year (2006-07). If it fails to make AYP based on 2006-07 FCAT scores, it will become a SINI-4.
holding pattern
“Holding Pattern”
  • If a SINI makes AYP for ONE year, it stays at the same level.
exiting sini
Exiting SINI
  • If a SINI makes AYP for TWO consecutive years, it exits improvement status.
interpreting benchmarks
Interpreting Benchmarks
  • Percentage of students “at or above grade level” across the whole school
  • Levels 3 and above
  • For this past FCAT, school needed to have 58% of students at level 3 or above for reading; 62% for math
    • All students
    • Each subgroup (Econ. Disadvantaged, SWD, LEP, etc.)
writing the exception
Writing…The Exception
  • Not an “absolute” benchmark
  • 1% improvement from prior year
science
Science
  • Not included in AYP
3 ways to make ayp
3 Ways to Make AYP
  • “Straight Math” - Meet all benchmarks for all subgroups
  • Safe Harbor
    • Reduce non-proficient by 10%
  • Growth Model
    • Percent of students “on track” within 3 years
school report cards
School Report Cards
  • Overall AYP Report
    • http://schoolgrades.fldoe.org
  • Detailed Report = Key to planning
    • Scores for each subgroup
    • Other indicators
    • Safe Harbor, if applicable
    • Growth Model, if applicable
example clermont elementary
Example: Clermont Elementary
  • Made AYP in reading for “all students”
  • Missed AYP for Hispanic students by 7 points (51 vs. 58)
  • Most important statistic: 49% NOT proficient (100-51=49)
  • If increase proficiency by 4.9% in next year, will make safe harbor.
sini status
SINI Status
  • Not included on School Report Card
  • http://www.fldoe.org/bsa/title1/pubs_data.asp
new in 2008 2009 differentiated accountability
New in 2008-2009: Differentiated Accountability
  • Combines Federal and State accountability
  • Distinguishes between schools with minor and major problems
  • Federal pilot project - 6 states
  • New guidelines (July 29)
  • Federal evaluation
9 focus areas
9 Focus Areas
  • School Improvement Planning
  • Leadership
  • Educator Quality
  • Professional Development
  • Curriculum Alignment & Pacing
  • Continuous Improvement Model
  • Choice with Transportation
  • Supplemental Educational Services
  • Monitoring
correct ii means
Correct II Means…
  • School and District implement state-directed interventions
school improvement planning
School Improvement Planning
  • School provides extended day or after school programs
  • Parent compacts*
  • Systematic problem-solving process
  • District develops District Improvement, Assistance, and Intervention Plan
  • Reorganize/refocus District staff that support non-performance areas
  • District provides TA in analyzing student data, revising school budgets
leadership
Leadership
  • School reviews/replaces members of leadership team with district assistance “as necessary”
  • District reviews/hires qualified principal with experience turning around similar school
  • Leadership team have success in similar setting
  • District provides “professional partner”
  • District uses state resources in leadership development
educator quality
Educator Quality

Teachers highly qualified, certified

  • Paraprofessionals highly qualified
  • Student support services personnel highly qualified*
  • Student support services personnel have similar setting experience
  • School does not have a higher percentage of first-year or out-of-field teachers than model Title I schools*
  • No teachers “in need of improvement”
  • Fully staffed by day 1
  • Reading and Math/Science coaches provided
educator quality1
Educator Quality
  • Lead teachers for each “grouping” hired or assigned by school, district assistance/state oversight “as necessary”
  • Staff reviewed for proof of accelerated student achievement – replace/reassign
  • Performance appraisals based primarily on achievement (including principal)
  • Performance appraisals of leadership team include achievement goals for targeted subgroups
  • District trains on performance appraisal
  • District provides pay for performance
  • District participates in school performance appraisal process at the school (sample)
educator quality2
Educator Quality
  • District prioritizes resources for staffing, implements differentiated pay, uses state educator recruitment resources
  • District ensures school compliance with staffing requirements, provides TA, ensures mid-year vacancies filled
  • District reassigns teachers as needed
  • District ensures HR is appropriately staffed
  • District may declare “emergency” to suspend collective bargaining agreements
professional development
Professional Development
  • IPDPs target needs of subgroups missed
  • Mentoring/coaching by highly effective teacher
  • ILPDs include PD targeting subgroups missed
  • PD plan meets state protocol standards
  • Equitable access to technology & PD
  • District provides TA on each of the above
  • District PD plan meets state protocol standards
professional development1
Professional Development
    • School schedule designed to include:
      • Common planning time
      • Job-embedded PD
    • School organized into Professional Learning Communities
    • PLCs aligned with district-focused delivery model
    • Teachers of targeted subgroups organized into Lesson Study Groups
  • District ensures resources for above
  • District provides PD on assessing student progress
professional development2
Professional Development
  • Real-time access to achievement data with PD and support
  • District participates in IPDP meetings
  • Focused PD delivery model
    • Assignment of/training for content experts to serve as lead teachers
    • Assignment/training for PLC/LSC coaches
curriculum alignment pacing
Curriculum Alignment & Pacing
  • School implements state-approved evidence-based curriculum program
  • Implement pacing guides
  • Implement schoolwide reform model
  • 90 minute uninterrupted reading block (elem.)
  • Ensure secondary students properly placed in rigorous coursework (District monitors)
  • District supports and identifies best practices
  • District defines instructional model to be followed in all classrooms (reported to state)
continuous improvement model
Continuous Improvement Model
  • Administer diagnostics and provides remediation, acceleration & enrichment
  • Develop, implement curriculum calendar
  • District provides progress monitoring tools & analyzes data to determine effectiveness of instruction, allocate resources based on need
  • School implements Response to Intervention
  • Real-time access to student achievement data
  • District prescribes formative and summative assessments
choice and ses
Choice and SES
  • Offer both Choice and SES
monitoring
Monitoring
  • SAC monitors implementation of improvement plan
  • School team – monitors fidelity, defines roles
  • Comprehensive monitoring process – classroom, team, schoolwide
  • District monitors/evaluates improvement
  • District evaluates PD
  • District evaluates progress monitoring 3x/year (PMRN and core content)
restructuring
Restructuring
  • District reorganizes school staff
  • District increases oversight and monitoring
  • District replaces school staff relevant to failure of the school (as necessary)
slide37
And…
  • District appoints an outside expert to advise the school on its progress toward making AYP based on its school improvement plan
slide38
District implements one of 4* NCLB restructuring options:
    • District takes over school
    • Close and re-open as charter
    • Hire management company (i.e., Edison)
    • Other significant management change
prevent ii means
Prevent II Means…
  • District develops plans in collaboration with school, approves, monitors implementation
  • District develops District Improvement, Assistance, and Intervention Plan
  • District provides TA in analyzing student data, revising school budgets
prevent ii means1
Prevent II Means…
  • District directs intervention
  • District provides assistance
school improvement planning1
School Improvement Planning
  • District develops plan in collaboration w/school
  • District approves/monitors implementation
  • District Improvement, Assistance and Intervention Plan
  • District provides TA in analyzing data and revising budgets
leadership1
Leadership
  • School reviews/replaces members of leadership team “as necessary”
  • District reviews/hires qualified principal
  • District provides “professional partner”
  • District uses state resources in leadership development
educator quality3
Educator Quality

Teachers highly qualified, certified

  • Paraprofessionals highly qualified
  • Student support services personnel highly qualified*
  • Student support services personnel have similar setting experience
  • School does not have a higher percentage of first-year or out-of-field teachers than district average
  • Performance appraisals based primarily on achievement (including principal)
  • District trains on performance appraisal
educator quality4
Educator Quality
  • District ensures performance appraisal implemented with fidelity
  • School reviews/replaces all relevant staff as necessary
  • District prioritizes resources for staffing, implements differentiated pay, uses state educator recruitment resources
educator quality5
Educator Quality
  • District ensures school compliance with staffing requirements, provides TA, ensures mid-year vacancies filled
  • District reassigns teachers as needed
  • District ensures HR is appropriately staffed
  • District may declare “emergency” to suspend collective bargaining agreements
professional development3
Professional Development
  • IPDPs target needs of subgroups missed
  • Mentoring/coaching by highly effective teacher
  • ILPDs include PD targeting subgroups missed
  • PD plan meets state protocol standards
  • Equitable access to technology & PD
  • District provides TA on each of the above
  • District PD plan meets state protocol standards
professional development4
Professional Development
    • School schedule designed to include:
      • Common planning time
      • Job-embedded PD
    • School organized into Professional Learning Communities
  • District ensures resources for above
  • District provides PD on assessing student progress
curriculum alignment pacing1
Curriculum Alignment & Pacing
  • Identify and use evidence-based curriculum
  • Align curriculum to state standards
  • Implement pacing guides
  • Ensure secondary students properly placed in rigorous coursework (District monitors)
  • District supports and identifies best practices
continuous improvement model1
Continuous Improvement Model
  • Administer diagnostics and provides remediation, acceleration & enrichment
  • Develop, implement curriculum calendar
  • District provides progress monitoring tools & analyzes data to determine effectiveness of instruction, allocate resources based on need
  • School implements Response to Intervention
  • Real-time access to student achievement data
  • District prescribes formative and summative assessments
continuous improvement model2
Continuous Improvement Model
  • District monitors, analyzes PMRN 3x year
  • District monitors, analyzes progress monitoring on tested core-content areas 2x year
  • District ensures schools with greatest needs get greatest resources
choice ses
Choice & SES
  • Offer both choice & SES
monitoring1
Monitoring
  • SAC monitors implementation of school improvement plan
  • School assembles team to monitor fidelity of implementation
  • District monitors, evaluates improvement efforts
  • District evaluates PD
monitoring2
Monitoring
  • District evaluates core-content progress monitoring 2x year and PMRN 3x year
slide54
And…
  • District appoints an outside expert to advise the school on its progress toward making AYP based on its school improvement plan
  • District reorganizes district staff to support non-performance areas
  • District reassigns staff relevant to failure of the school
correct i
Correct I
  • District directs intervention
  • State reviews progress
school improvement planning2
School Improvement Planning
  • SAC develops school improvement plan; district peer reviews and monitors
  • District develops District Improvement, Assistance, and Intervention Plan
  • District provides TA in analyzing student data, revising school budgets
leadership2
Leadership
  • School reviews/replaces members of leadership team “as necessary”
  • District reviews/hires qualified principal
  • District provides “professional partner”
  • District uses state resources in leadership development
educator quality6
Educator Quality

Teachers highly qualified, certified

  • Paraprofessionals highly qualified
  • Student support services personnel highly qualified*
  • School does not have a higher percentage of first-year or out-of-field teachers than district average
  • Performance appraisals based primarily on achievement (including principal)
  • District trains on performance appraisal
  • School ensures performance appraisals of leadership include student achievement goals for subgroups
educator quality7
Educator Quality
  • District ensures performance appraisal implemented with fidelity
  • School reviews/replaces all relevant staff as necessary
  • District prioritizes resources for staffing these schools
  • District implements differentiated pay
  • District uses state educator recruitment resources
  • District ensures school compliance with staffing requirements, provides TA, ensures mid-year vacancies filled
professional development5
Professional Development
  • IPDPs target needs of subgroups missed
  • Mentoring/coaching by highly effective teacher
  • ILPDs include PD targeting subgroups missed
  • PD plan meets state protocol standards
  • Equitable access to technology & PD
  • District provides TA on each of the above
  • District PD plan meets state protocol standards
curriculum alignment pacing2
Curriculum Alignment & Pacing
  • Identify and use evidence-based curriculum
  • Align curriculum to state standards
  • Implement pacing guides
  • Ensure secondary students properly placed in rigorous coursework (District monitors)
  • District supports and identifies best practices
continuous improvement model3
Continuous Improvement Model
  • Administer diagnostics and provides remediation, acceleration & enrichment
  • Develop, implement curriculum calendar
  • District provides progress monitoring tools & analyzes data to determine effectiveness of instruction, allocate resources based on need
  • Real-time access to student achievement data
  • District provides TA on formative and summative assessments
continuous improvement model4
Continuous Improvement Model
  • District monitors, analyzes PMRN 3x year
  • District monitors, analyzes progress monitoring on tested core-content areas 3x year
  • District ensures schools with greatest needs get greatest resources
choice ses1
Choice & SES
  • Offer both Choice and SES
monitoring3
Monitoring
  • SAC monitors implementation of school improvement plan
  • School assembles team to monitor fidelity of implementation
  • District monitors, evaluates improvement efforts
  • District evaluates PD
slide66
And…
  • District appoints an outside expert to advise the school on its progress toward making AYP based on its school improvement plan and reassigns staff relevant to the failure of the school
prevent i
Prevent I
  • School directs intervention
  • District provides assistance
  • State Monitors
prevent i means
Prevent I Means…
  • School Improvement Planning
    • School & SAC develop school improvement plan; district peer review
    • District develops District Improvement, Assistance, and Intervention Plan
    • District provides TA in analyzing student data, revising school budgets
  • Leadership
    • School reviews/replaces members of leadership team “as necessary”
    • District uses state resources in leadership development
educator quality8
Educator Quality

- Teachers highly qualified, certified

  • Paraprofessionals highly qualified
  • Student support services personnel highly qualified*
  • Performance appraisals based primarily on achievement (including principal)
  • District trains on performance appraisal

- District prioritizes resources for staffing, implements differentiated pay, uses state educator recruitment resources

professional development6
Professional Development
  • IPDPs target needs of subgroups missed
  • Mentoring/coaching by highly effective teacher
  • ILPDs include PD targeting subgroups missed
  • PD plan meets state protocol standards
  • Equitable access to technology & PD
  • District provides TA on each of the above
  • District PD plan meets state protocol standards
curriculum alignment pacing3
Curriculum Alignment & Pacing
  • Identify and use evidence-based curriculum
  • Align curriculum to state standards
  • Implement pacing guides
  • Ensure secondary students properly placed in rigorous coursework (District monitors)
  • District supports and identifies best practices
continuous improvement model5
Continuous Improvement Model
  • Administer diagnostics and provides remediation, acceleration & enrichment
  • Develop, implement curriculum calendar
  • District provides progress monitoring tools & analyzes data to determine effectiveness of instruction, allocate resources based on need
  • Real-time access to student achievement data
  • District monitors, analyzes PMRN 3x year
  • District ensures schools with greatest needs get greatest resources
choice ses2
Choice/SES
  • Offer SES
monitoring4
Monitoring
  • SAC monitors implementation of school improvement plan
  • School assembles team to monitor fidelity of implementation
  • District evaluates PD
slide75
And…
  • District appoints an outside expert to advise the school on its progress toward making AYP based on its school improvement plan and reassigns staff relevant to the failure of the school
continuous improvement model6
Continuous Improvement Model
  • District monitors, analyzes progress monitoring on:
    • Progress monitoring 3x year for students requiring reading intervention
    • Tested core-content areas 3x year
  • District ensures schools with greatest needs get greatest resources
choice ses3
Choice & SES
  • Offer both choice & SES
monitoring5
Monitoring
  • SAC monitors implementation of school improvement plan
  • School assembles team to monitor fidelity of implementation
  • District monitors, evaluates improvement efforts
  • District evaluates PD
slide79
And…
  • District appoints an outside expert to advise the school on its progress toward making AYP based on its school improvement plan
useful documents
Useful Documents
  • USED: LEA and School Improvement Non-Regulatory Guidance REVISED July 21, 2006
  • FLDOE: Differentiated Accountability Plan
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