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Education Trade Unions and CHILD LABOUR IN ALBANIA PowerPoint PPT Presentation

TUFESA / ITUAE (Education Trade Unions in Albania) Education Trade Unions and CHILD LABOUR IN ALBANIA BACKGROUND TUFESA / ITUAE -the largest and the most important TUs in the education sector in Albania.

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Education Trade Unions and CHILD LABOUR IN ALBANIA

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(Education Trade Unions in Albania)

Education Trade Unions andCHILD LABOUR IN ALBANIA


  • TUFESA / ITUAE -the largest and the most important TUs in the education sector in Albania.

  • MEMBERSHIP: 32,000 members, some 70 % of teachers and other employees in the education and sciences sectors.

  • AFFILIATION: KSSH, BSPSH, EI, and Pan - European Structure

  • ACTIVITIES: Two phases:

    - 1991 - 1999: members’ protection,

    - 2000 onwards: expansion of the scope (education reform, strategy and quality of education, child labour elimination.)

Child labour Background in Albania

Child labourand child trafficking are a problem in Albania.

  • Child labour:More than 40,000 child labourers.

    Main sectors:

    - Street working, round 10 000,

    - Farming: between 15 000 and 20 000

    - Collecting garbages, 4 000 - 5 000

    - Cloths and shoes industry, 3 000 - 4 000

  • Child trafficking:5,000 children trafficked in Greece; 3,000 trafficked in Italy.

  • 70 % of working children are from those who have dropped out from the school, compared to 30% of children who work and allegedly continue to attend the school. Special role of teachers and their TU

  • Drop-out in 2006-2007: More than 6 500 pupils, out of which 45 percent of all of them are in the main cities.

  • Reasons: -Ekonomic conditions, family situations, educational system

Areas of Intervention

  • Capacity building:(trainings, seminars & workshops with trade unionists),

  • Prevention: (teachers special work with pupils dropped out from the school & child labourers, community work),

  • Lobbying & advocacy: (Government – Ministry of Education, Collective agreement, other educational institutions),

  • Awareness raising:(Newsletters, Magazine “Tribuna Sindikale”, publications “ACTRAV Manual – Trade Unions and Child Labour, SCREAM package, Manual on Non-Formal Education, leaflets)

Starting activitiesITUC, EI, ILO-IPEC campaigns

  • ITUC, EI programs (1999-2001)

  • October 2004: - Survey on ChL in Albania, S. Grumiau

    - Conference on “TU against child labour in Albania” (ICFTU –KSSH, BSPSH, TUFESA – ILO IPEC).

  • Adoption of Special Resolutions in the Congresses of TUFESA and KSSH in November 2004.

  • Regional Conference in October 2006, supported by FNV/AOb and ILO-IPEC in Tirana,

  • Special activities in the framework of GAW,

  • EI-NOT child labour monitoring activities: 2007

    - 55 teachers engaged in working groups and activities

    - 130 pupils from 6 schools of 3 districts, subject of individual work

    (60 girls in Tirana suburbs, 30 Roma pupils in Elbasan,

    30 pupils from Macedonian minority,Korca)

    - Activities with pupils and results: 18 turned back in school, 32 out of risk to drop out of school, 24 improvements in school performance

Collaboration with FNV/AObActivities

  • Being focussed in 6 districts: Tirana, Fieri, Elbasan Shkodra, Korca, Durresi

  • Prevention activities: avoiding school drop-out, direct impact to the elimination of child labour,

    - Working groups, monitoring system, workshops, (more than 100 local leaders trained),

    - Collaboration with Ministry of Educ, local government, other NGO

    - Comunication with members, Magazine, website, publications

    - Motivation of teachers, involving pupils and parents

  • Some results:

    - Some 1 100 teachers engaged concretely …

    - Some 1550 pupils turned back in schools or out of risk to drop out,

  • Working in progress to realise concrete objectives:

    - decrease the number of working children in selected districts by 15 per cent and in national level by 8 per cent,

    - decrease the number of pupils dropped out from the school, by 25 percent in selected districts and by 12 percent in national level.

Other branch TU engagement and regional initiatives

  • Two objectives:

    - Enlarging the number of teachers engaged and i

    - Invloving other branch trade unions

  • Activities:

    - Conference: ITUC, KSSH, BSPSH, October 2004)

    - Adoption of Special Resolution in the Congresses of KSSH in November 2004,

    - Round Table on other branch trade union involvement, October

    - Another Round Table will be organised in April

  • Regional Conference in October 2006, supported by FNV/AOb and ILO-IPEC in Tirana,

    -Participating: EI, repersent. from 6 countries of the region,

    - Discussions, a working plan elaborated, a follow-up activity needed.

Examples of Good Practices

  • Collaboration between TUFESA / ITUAE and other branches of trade unions,

  • The Conference of ITUC with KSSH and BSPSH, in October 2004,

  • Adoption of Special Resolutions against ChL,

    in the FSASH and KSSH Congresses,

  • Using collective agreement as an important instrument for ChL prevention,

    - For the first time, fsash/spash engegement, Ministry support,

    - Achievements-basis for further insistence-remuneration

  • Concrete work of teachers and TU local leaders,

  • Important publications: ILO ACTRAV Manual “Trade Unions and Child Labour”. SCREAM package, Manual on Non-Formal Education, Magazine “Tribuna Sindikale”, fsash-spash Website



Rruga Dora D’Istria

Pallati Perballe Fakultetit Juridik, Kati 3

Tirana, Albania

Tel & fax: + 355 4 25 65 32



Contact person:

Stavri Liko

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