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Turkmenistan. By: Cadet Coyle. Annexed by Russia between 1865 and 1885, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Turkmenistan is located near Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan.

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Turkmenistan

By: Cadet Coyle


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Annexed by Russia between 1865 and 1885, Turkmenistan became a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.

Turkmenistan is located near Central Asia, bordering the Caspian Sea, between Iran and Kazakhstan

Geography of Turkmenistan


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People of Turkmenistan a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.

  • The population of Turkmenistan is 4,952,081

  • also many types of religions some are, Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%

  • There are many types of people in Turkmenistan some are: Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6% (2003)


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Economy a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.

  • Their agriculture are consist of mainly cotton, grain and livestock

  • Exports partners, Ukraine 46.6%, Iran 17.3%, Turkey 4.2%, Italy 4.1% (2004)

  • Import partners, US 11.8%, Russia 9.7%, UAE 9.2%, Ukraine 9%, Turkey 8.6%, Germany 8%, France 5%, Georgia 4.6%, Iran 4.5% (


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Government of a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Turkmenistan

  • They have a republic type government; authoritarian presidential rule, with little power outside the executive branch

  • Democratic Party of Turkmenistan or DPT

  • formal opposition parties are outlawed; unofficial, small opposition movements exist underground or in foreign countries; the two most prominent opposition groups-in-exile have been National Democratic Movement of Turkmenistan and the United Democratic Party of Turkmenistan.


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Map of a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. Turkmenistan

  • Turkmenistan has a subtropical desert type of climate

With flat-to-rolling sandy desert with dunes rising to mountains in the south; low mountains along border with Iran; borders Caspian Sea in west


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Military of Turkmenistan a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.

  • They have Ground Forces, Air and Air Defense Forces

  • Military expenditures - dollar figure: $90 million

  • Military expenditures - percent of GDP: 3.4%


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Transportation of Turkmenistan a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.

  • They have 53 Air ports, 1 heliport, 2,440 km of Rail Road tracks,24,000 km inroad ways.

  • They have one major terminal, Turkmenbasy


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The End a Soviet republic in 1924. It achieved its independence upon the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.


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