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Native Americans of Arkansas. Paleo Indian Era. People from northeast Asia Expert hunters Fire Dressed in skin clothing. Mastodon skull found in the Red River Valley in 1986. Historic period. How are petroglyphs made?

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Paleo indian era l.jpg
Paleo Indian Era

  • People from northeast Asia

  • Expert hunters

  • Fire

  • Dressed in skin clothing




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How are petroglyphs made?

                                                                        Many


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How are pictographs made?

Some pictographs in Arkansas were made by "finger painting" while others appear to have been brush painted. Human hand images were made with paint-covered hands or by blowing paint around a hand pressed against a rock surface to create a stenciled effect. Paints were made by mixing ground-up pigments (such as hematite, magnetite, or charcoal) with an organic binder such as blood, animal fat, egg white, fish oil, or plant oil. Pitted stones used to grind mineral pigments were found at The Narrows, a rock art site in northwest Arkansas, and frayed twig brushes have been found at many other dry rock shelter sites.







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Archaic Era on earlier sites..

8000 B.C. 500 B.C.



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White tailed deer on earlier sites..


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Hammer stones on earlier sites..


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Fish Hook on earlier sites..



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Poverty Point on earlier sites..

2000 b.c. 500 b.c.


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Builders of: first town on earlier sites..

first important mounds

Center of civilization for eastern North America 1000 b.c.

First users of tobacco in North America



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Poverty Point people used magnetite on earlier sites..

And hematite from Magnet Cove Arkanas

To make heavy, highly polished plummet-shaped

Bola weights


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Novaculite quarry Hot Springs on earlier sites..


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Hot Stones used in cooking on earlier sites..


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Woodland on earlier sites.. Era

500 b.c.- a.d. 900


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Woodland era on earlier sites..


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Gathering seeds on earlier sites..



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Pipes of the Woodland era on earlier sites..


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Gary points ,early stages of the Fourche Maline on earlier sites..

Southwest Arkansas


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Stone hoe, Woodland era on earlier sites..



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Cord woven from grass on earlier sites..


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Sickle of the Woodland era on earlier sites..


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Hopewellian style log tomb on earlier sites..

Like that found beneath one

Of the mounds near Helena




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Toltec mounds on earlier sites..



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Toltec mound on earlier sites..


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Plum Bayou people on earlier sites..


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Arrow points of novaculite and chert on earlier sites..

From the Plum Bayou culture


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Mississippian Era on earlier sites..

a.d. 900- 1541


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Mississippian people on earlier sites..


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Mississippian era on earlier sites..


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Fortified Mississippian town on earlier sites..


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Mississippian one on earlier sites..

Room house


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Parkin on earlier sites..


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Parkin on earlier sites..


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Cahokia, 1150 on earlier sites..


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Head effigy pot from Parkin on earlier sites..


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Mississippian head pot on earlier sites..


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Mississippian on earlier sites..


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Mississippian bottle, possibly representing on earlier sites..

Underwater panther, responsible for people

drowning


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Mississippian frog effigy on earlier sites..


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Chunkey stone on earlier sites..


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Mississippian on earlier sites..

Era adz


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Mississippian era on earlier sites..

chisels


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Mississippian era on earlier sites..

Celt, ,stone axe, used to cut

Down trees


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Mississippian era hoe on earlier sites..


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Mississippian arrow points on earlier sites..


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Caddo People on earlier sites..


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Caddo clay pipes on earlier sites..


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Conch shell beads, Caddoan on earlier sites..





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Caddo cooking pot on earlier sites..


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Caddo house on earlier sites..


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Caddo camp 1867-1874 Oklahoma on earlier sites..


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Caddoan salt making on earlier sites..


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Caddo mound on earlier sites..


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Historic Era on earlier sites..

1541- 1830s


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European Explorers on earlier sites..

  • Hernando de Soto

  • Louis Jolliet and Jacques Marquette

  • Robert de la Salle

  • Henri de Toni


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DeSoto on earlier sites..


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De La Salle on earlier sites..


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Arkansas Post on earlier sites..


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Caddo village 1691-1692 on earlier sites..


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Quapaw on earlier sites..


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Trail of Tears on earlier sites..


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Arkansas Trail of Tears on earlier sites..



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Arkansas Post, old Post Road on earlier sites..


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Bayou Meto, Jacksonville on earlier sites..



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Elkhorn Tavern, Benton County on earlier sites..


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