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COUNTRY REPORT COMMISSARIAT GENERAL OF THE CAMBODIAN NATIONAL POLICE, KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA FOR TICHNICAL TRAINING COURSE ON PowerPoint PPT Presentation


COUNTRY REPORT COMMISSARIAT GENERAL OF THE CAMBODIAN NATIONAL POLICE, KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA FOR TICHNICAL TRAINING COURSE ON CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE HELD IN REPUBLIC OF KOREA 18 JUNE TO JULY 8 ( KOICA ).

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COUNTRY REPORT COMMISSARIAT GENERAL OF THE CAMBODIAN NATIONAL POLICE, KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA FOR TICHNICAL TRAINING COURSE ON

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COUNTRY REPORT

COMMISSARIAT GENERAL OF THE CAMBODIANNATIONAL POLICE, KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA

FOR

TICHNICAL TRAINING COURSE

ON

CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE

HELD IN REPUBLIC OF KOREA

18 JUNE TO JULY 8 ( KOICA )

Presentation byPol.Col. Borany TEN Deputy Director Of Criminal Police Department, General Commissariat Of

National Police, Ministry Of Interior .

E-mail :( [email protected])


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Objective:

  • To provide an opportunity to the participants to know criminal general situation in Cambodia.

  • To discuss this matter among the participants in order to share experiences to develop the judiciary system in Cambodia.


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Contents:

1- National Profile And Political System

2- Criminal Justice System

3- General Criminal Situation

4- Crime Prevention Strategies


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1- National Profile

  • Population: Over 13 Millions ( 2006 )

  • 20 provinces and 4 municipalities

    (185 Districts with 1,621 Communes and 13,694 ( Villages)

  • Area: 181,035 km2

  • Neighboring countries:

    + Laos and Thailand in the North

    + Vietnam and Gulf of Siam in the South

    + Vietnam in the East

    + Thailand in the West


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Angkor Wat Temple


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Political System

- Cambodia is a kingdom with a constitutional monarchy.- Cambodia adheres to a democratic and multiple political party systems with separate division of power: legislative, executive, and judicial institutions. + Legislative: Parliament and Senate+ Executive: Royal Government + Judiciary- King is given right to grant amnesty - No death penalty is applied


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Cambodian National Flag


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National Logo of Kingdom Cambodia


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Logo of National Police ofKingdom of Cambodia


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The Organization Of National Police( Kingdom Of Cambodia )

Ministry Of Interior

Dept.Of Eco.Planning and Finance

The General Commissariat

Of National Police

Dept.Of Radio Communication

The Headquarters Of National Police

Dept.Of Education and Propaganda

The Royal Police School

Department Of Health

Central Office Of Interpol

Department Of Construction

Tourism Police Department

Department Of Cipher

Anti-Drug Police Department

Department Of Asean Afairs

Intervention Police Department

Central Dept.Of Borders Police

Central Dept.Of Public Order

Central Dept.Of Judicial Police

Central Dept.Of

Security

Central Dept Of Means

Dept.Of Police Land Border

Dept.Of Sta tistic and

Passport

Dept.Of Criminal Police

Dept.Of General

Information

Dept.Of Personnels

Dept.Of Police maritime Border

Dept.Of Anti-Fire and

weapon

Dept.Of Economic Police

Dept.Of Anti Terrorism

Dept.Of Trainning

Dept.OfTechnicsOf Bordes Police

Dept.Of Prevention Police

Dept.Of Criminal Technical Sciences

Dept.Of Foreigners

Dept.Of Technical and Instrument

Dept.Of Order Police

Dept.Of Anti Human

Trafficking and Juvenile Protection

Dept.Of Body Guard

Municipal and Provincial Commissariat Police

Inspectorate Of Police District

Post Of Administration Police


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Reception &

Administrative Office

Reportation & Analysis

Office

Documentation Office

Radio Communication

Office

Education and

Propaganda Office

The Organization of Municipal and Provincial Police Commissariat (Cambodia.)

Municipal & Provincial

Police Commissariat

Headquarters of

Police Commissariat

Central Office of

Judicial Police

Central Office of

Security

Central Office of

Means

Central Office of

Public Order

Oder Office

Serious Crime Office

Gen. Information Office

Office of Personnels

Land Traffic Office

Misdemeanor Cri. Office

Anti-Terrorism Office

Office of Training

Water Traffic Office

Economic Office

Foreigners Office

Office of Accounting

Intervention Office

Anti-Drug Office

Tourism Pol. Office

Office of Health

Fire Fighting Office

Anti-Human Trafficking

and juvenile protection

Office of Logistics

Wepon Office

Tech. Scientific Office

Inspectorate of District Police

Post of Administrative Police


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Organization of Central Department

of Judicial Police

Central Department of Judicial Police

Secretariat

Criminal Police Dept.

Economic Police Dept.

Technical & Scientific Dept.

Anti-Human Trafficking and Juvenile Protection Dept.

Administration and Report Office

Administration & Report Office

Administration & Report Office

Serious Crime Office

Export Product Investigation Office

Crime Scene Examination Office

Administration & Report Office

Misdemeanor Crime Office

Import Taxation Office

Weapon Examination Office

Information Technology Office

Procedure Office

Export Taxation Office

General Examination Office

Anti-Human Trafficking Office

Intervention Office

Nat’l .Economic Protection Office

Archieves Office

Juvenile Protection Office

Investigation Office

Procedure Office

Criminal & Biological Office

Procedure Office

Criminology Office

National Property Protection

Cultural Heritage Protection

Dog Anti -Crime Office


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2Criminal Justice System

+ supreme court

+ Appeal court

+ Provincial, municipal court and military court


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3 Legal Application

Around the topic of criminal justice, the legal Application consists of:

+ Provisions relating to the judiciary and criminal law

and procedure applicable in Cambodia during the

transitional period, September 10, 1992

+ Law on the criminal procedure, January 29, 1993

+ Law on the control of drug, December 9, 1996

+ Law on the suppression of kidnapping, trafficking

and exploitation of human persons, 1996


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However, some weak points are occurred.

- Punishing the drug users and drug traffickers is limited. (Art. 33, Chapter 10)

- Human trafficking law is not amended.

- Penal Law is not created yet. In stead, we used:

+ Provisions relating to the judiciary and criminal law and procedure applicable in Cambodia during the transitional period, September 10, 1992.

+ Law on the criminal procedure, January 29, 1993, it was amended on January 7, 2002.

- Preparing a proceeding, investigating, and criminal technique are limited.

- There-amendments of the weak points is more effect in the application between legal Application and the social reality.

- The application of law is very flexible in the society.


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  • According to the use of judicial discretion, whether it is correct or not during the decision, therefore, the Cambodia will probably reform the supreme council of magistracy, because now they have a function to punish judge and prosecutor under the form of council of discipline.

  • The commission of supreme council of magistracy, sometimes it is presided by the president of Supreme Court, when judge decided incorrectly or took bribe. Sometimes, it is presided by the attorney general of Supreme Court when the prosecutor decided incorrectly.

  • As a result, in the future, the reform is needed - the experienced former judge who has no duty to decide currently in any court should be selected as a member of supreme council of magistracy.

  • This reform becomes more effective in terms of punishing judge and prosecutors who decided incorrectly. Then the application of legal system is more effective than at the moment.


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4Criminal Situation in 2005

  • Cases Repoted: 4,484 times ( 4,999 times in 2004 ) 515 cases have decreased.

    + Felony: 1,679 times ( 2,155 times in 2004 ) 476 times decreased

    + Misdemeanor: 2,805 times ( 2,844 times in 2004 ) 39 times decreased


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Cases Suppressed

  • Total cases suppressed:3,458 cases and 5,131 offenders arrested and evidence seized such as 229 motorbikes, 12 vehicles, 80 guns, 49 rifles, 7 hand-grenades and some others

  • These cases were sentenced.

    a. Felony: 1,041 cases; 1,645 offenders arrested; 62%

    of cases reported

    b. Misdemeanor: 2,417 cases; 3,486 offenders arrested; 86.11% of cases reported

armed robbery


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4-1. Results from drugs

suppression

  • 370 cases with 704 offenders, 175 female; methamphetamine: 2,062 pills; Ecstasy: 1,910 pills; cocaine: 1 kg; heroin: 8,762 kg; opium: 2.1 kg; methamphetamine powder: 5.63 kg; drug producing machine: 3; canabis: 103,109 kg; canabis suppressing machine: 1; 6 guns; 3 rifles; 1 grenade; 4 motorbikes; 1 vehicle;


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More then 30 hectares of Cannabis cultivation in Thlan Mouy Roy region of Kampot Province was destroyed in an operation personally led by Prime Minister Samdach Hun Sen .


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Confiscated Heroin, Amphetamine, Opium Olcaloid and babiturates valued approximately U$$ 2 Million were destroyed in Phnom Penh .


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Operation to destroy Cannabis plantation in Korng Meas district, Kampong Cham Province


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Foreign trafficker arrested with 5 kgs of ketamine powder in Pochentong International Airport.


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Foreigners who committed drug trafficking


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Major drugs transited through Cambodia.


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Equipment used to produce Methamphetamine tablets seized in Toul Kork District, Phnom Penh on 7 December 2001.


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These are drug users


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4-2. Cases sent to court

  • 329 cases with 572 offenders (132 females)

    132 people (43 female) in 41 cases were educated and went back home ( drugs users)

    -6 times of drug destruction: 112,255 pills of methamphetamine, 559.5 liters of liquid drugs among municipalities and provinces,


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4-3. Human trafficking in 2005

4.1. Results from suppression

-169 cases with 214 offers arrested

-552 victims rescued

all cases and offenders were sent to court


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4-4. Weapons and explosives control

  • 45 times of weapons and explosives destruction with 178,803 rifles seized and confiscated from municipalities and provinces ( all these were scattered by the civil war in the country)


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4-5. First-three-month Criminalsituation in 2006

Cases Reported: 1,226 times

a. Felony: 399 times

b. Misdemeanor: 827 times

Cases Suppressed: 1,037 cases and 1,508 offenders arrested and evidences seized such as 76 motorbikes, 6 vehicles, 18 pistols, 4 rifles, 6 hand-grenade with some others

a. Felony: 315 cases, 478 offenders

b. Misdemeanor: 722 cases, 1,030 offenders

740 cases sent to court with 1,085 offenders


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5Crime Prevention Strategies

1- to strengthen campaign against to strengthen carrying out of

crime prevention in order to maintain social stability and

encourage public involved for a basic of the national strategy

2- to strengthen technical practices and needed measurements

for pre-active plan against crimes, especially armed robbing,

kidnapping for ransom, killing, raping, trafficking in women and

children as well as other problems

3- to take action against gangs who make troubles to society and

eliminate all activities stimulating crimes

4- to strengthen campaign drugs: producing, transportation,

trafficking, and using and continue to cooperating with

international bodies about Memorandum of Understanding

fighting against drugs and raising the capacity of Cambodian

national police


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5- to strengthen law enforcement more effectively, strategic plan

of Interior ministry for five year national plan combating

trafficking in women and children with cooperation with local

and international partners

6- to control arms and explosives with administratively registered

organism. to take all available steps to fight against the

smuggling of arms, illegal possession of arms working together

with international societies called "arms exchange with

development", setting action plan on anti-smuggling of arms,

explosives, Cambodia is a leading country in ASEAN, for

summiting its plan to ASEAN Secretary General of ASEAN and

ASEAN nations for recommendations

7- continue cooperation with neighboring countries to fight

transnational crimes for regional security

8- continue working together with regional nations and other

nations to combat terrorism, transnational organized crime,

subversions


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9- Strengthening of Law Enforcement and Norms :

- verification of convention on torture and cruelty on human

beings or inhumanity

- verification of convention on illegal producing,

transporting of arms and explosives, ammunitions, and drugs

- verification of treaties on transnational crimes

- cooperation with concerned parties drafting law on terrorism

- working together with concerned agencies drafting

law on Casino


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Thanks for your attention.


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