Biblioteca nacional de argentina 1812 2008
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Biblioteca Nacional de Argentina (1812-2008). Yago Cura GSLIS #701: Hess [email protected] [email protected] April 7, 2008. History of the Argentine National Library. 1810: Establised as Biblioteca Publica de BA on 7 Sept. 1812: Opens on March 16.

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Biblioteca nacional de argentina 1812 2008 l.jpg

Biblioteca Nacional de Argentina (1812-2008)

Yago Cura

GSLIS #701: Hess

[email protected]

[email protected]

April 7, 2008


History of the argentine national library l.jpg
History of the Argentine National Library

  • 1810: Establised as Biblioteca Publica de BA on 7 Sept.

  • 1812: Opens on March 16.

  • Jesuit Schools of Córdoba, Colegio de San Carlos de BA, and outstanding private collections comprise initial coll.

  • 1884: Under Wilde’s tenure becomes la Biblio. Nac. de Argentina.

  • 1885: Under Groussac’s direction collection is cataloged and classified.

  • 1885: 25,000 volumes.

  • 1893: 62,000 volumes.

  • 1960: Construction begins on new facility

  • 1994: Over 1 million volumes.


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Advocates: Moreno & Sarmiento

  • 1810: Mariano Moreno, Secretary of the May Junta.

  • Founder of La Gaceta de Bueno Aires (Buenos Aires Gazette).

  • 1810: On June 7 publishes “Orden de la Junta” (Order of the Junta) to announce the resolutions reached by May Junta.

  • Designated “Protector” of Biblioteca Publica de Buenos Aires.

  • 1868-1874: Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, President of Argentina.

  • Established public libraries in fourteen parishes in Buenos Aires.

  • 1884: Enactment of Act number 1420 on Ordinary Education (Ley de Educación Común No. 1420) creates library called Biblioteca Pública de Maestros (Public Library for Teachers).

  • 1870: With Act number 419 spreads public libraries all over national territory.


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Extent of BNA

  • 7 floors.

  • 3 basements.

  • Total area of 22,000 m² (square meters).

  • Over 1 million volumes (1994).

  • Incunabula: 21 items.

  • Foulché-Delbosc Collection (French Hispanist).


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Famous Directors of the BNA

  • Jose Marmol (1858-1871) : Poet and journalist, publishes first Argentine novel “Amalia” in 1885.

  • Paul Groussac (1885-1929) : French national “modernized” the BNA; historian, novelist, and literary critic.

  • Gustavo Martínez de Zuviría (1931-1955) : Novelist, lawyer, and academic; used pseudonym, Hugo Wast.

  • Jorge Luis Borges (1955-1973) : Poet and essayist; shared the Premio Formentor with Samuel Beckett (1961) and the Cervantes with Gerardo Diego (1981); “Ficciones” and “Labyrinths” best known translations of his stories (1962).


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Brutalist Architecture

  • 1961: Construction started by Clorindo Testa, Francisco Bullrich y Alicia Cazzaniga whose design won first prize in national competition.

  • Main objective with design was to ensure provision of growth, especially in regards to Legal Deposit and expanding collection.

  • Majority of construction is subterranean to accommodate hundreds of thousands of materials in Legal Deposit and collections.

  • Subterranean construction as a means to preserve green space and the natural surroundings of the library.


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April 2008 @the BNA

  • April 7th: Entre la tierra y el mar: a celebration of Joseph Conrad.

  • April 11th: Cine + Música de autor: a cycle of cinema and music organized by la Nave de los Suenos (The Airship of Dreams) and the BNA.

  • April 13th: La Cantante Calva or the Bald Singer by Eugene Ionesco.

  • April 16th: Conference: Homenaje a César Vallejo, organized by the Peruvian embassy and the BNA.

  • April 18th: Conference: Roberto Arlt: two roundtables devoted to the distinct aspects of his literary work.


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Summary

  • 1810: Biblioteca Publica de Buenos Aires established on 7 Sept. by Executive Order of Government Junta.

  • Sarmiento establishes public libraries in fourteen parishes in Buenos Aires which solidifies need for national library.

  • 1884: BP de BA becomes BNA under tenure of Jose Antonio Wilde.

  • 1885: Paul Groussac “modernizes” BNA; first cataloged and classified entire BNA collection; first to use quantitative data on patronage, etc.

  • 1993: BNA moves into new building; main objective with design was to ensure provision of growth, especially in regards to Legal Deposit and expanding collection.

  • 1994: Over 1 million volumes.


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