Alister McGrath, Christian Theology: An Introduction
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Alister McGrath, Christian Theology: An Introduction

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The Origins of the Christian Doctrine of the Trinity. The apparent illogicality of the doctrineLimits of human languageSi comprehendis non est Deus (Augustine)Charles GoreThe Trinity as a statement about Jesus ChristLink to the development of the doctrine of the divinity of ChristThe Trinity as a statement about the Christian GodTranscendence and incarnationA personal GodIrenaeus: the economy of salvationIslamic critiques of the doctrine of the TrinityMonotheism or worship of three go9448
Alister McGrath, Christian Theology: An Introduction

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1. Alister McGrath, Christian Theology: An Introduction Chapter 10 The Doctrine of the Trinity Wiley-Blackwell 2010

2. The Origins of the Christian Doctrine of the Trinity The apparent illogicality of the doctrine Limits of human language Si comprehendis non est Deus (Augustine) Charles Gore The Trinity as a statement about Jesus Christ Link to the development of the doctrine of the divinity of Christ The Trinity as a statement about the Christian God Transcendence and incarnation A personal God Irenaeus: the economy of salvation Islamic critiques of the doctrine of the Trinity Monotheism or worship of three gods? Jesus as a prophet, or God incarnate Wiley-Blackwell 2010

3. The Biblical Foundations of the Doctrine of the Trinity Specific verses Matthew 28:19 ?Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and the Holy Spirit? 2 Corinthians 3:13 ?The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with all of you? Trinitarian structure or pattern in the New Testament Trinitarian structure in the Old Testament Wisdom The Word of God The Spirit of God Wiley-Blackwell 2010

4. The Historical Development of the Doctrine The emergence of the trinitarian vocabulary (Tertullian) Trinitas (Trinity) Persona (person) Substantia (substance) The emergence of trinitarian concepts Perichoresis (?mutual interpenetration?) Appropriation Rationalist critiques of trinitarianism: the eclipse of the Trinity, 1700-1900 Radical Reformation, 16th century Rationalism and English Deism The problem of visualization: analogies of the Trinity Gregory of Nyssa: water, chain, rainbow ?Economic? and ?essential? approaches to the Trinity Karl Rahner, The Trinity (1970) Essential or immanent Trinity: God?s inner life and essential nature Economic Trinity: God in history; economy of salvation Wiley-Blackwell 2010

5. Two Trinitarian Heresies Modalism: chronological and functional General features: The aspect of the one God revealed as creator and lawgiver is the Father The aspect of the one God revealed as savior is the Son The aspect of the one God revealed as the one who sanctifies and gives eternal life is the Spirit Chronological modalism Sabellianism Functional modalism Tritheism Gregory of Nyssa Eleventh Council of Toledo (675) Wiley-Blackwell 2010

6. The Filioque Controversy The Nicene creed: proceeding from the Father and the Son Eastern (Greek) church: the Spirit proceeds from the Father The Father as the sole origin and source of divinity Son and Spirit having distinct (yet complementary) roles Western (Latin) church: the Spirit proceeds from the Father and from the Son Augustine, On the Trinity Son and Spirit distinguished from one another, but mutually related to one another Wiley-Blackwell 2010

7. The Trinity: Six Classic and Contemporary Approaches The Cappadocian fathers ?one substance (ousia) in three persons (hypostaseis)? Priority of the Father as the source of the Trinity Augustine of Hippo (354-430) Rejection of subordinationism The Spirit as the love that unites the Father and the Son Psychological analogies Traces of the Trinity in creation - in the human mind Karl Barth (1886-1968) Doctrine of the Trinity as an exegesis of revelation ?The Doctrine of the Word of God? Jesus recognized as the self-revelation of God, through the work of the Spirit Wiley-Blackwell 2010

8. Karl Rahner (1904-84) ?The ?economic? Trinity is the ?immanent? Trinity? Salvation history as the starting-point John Macquarrie (1919-2007) Foundation in existentalism The Father as ?primordial Being? The Son as ?expressive Being? The Holy Spirit as ?unitive Being? Robert Jenson (b.1930) ?Father, Son, and Holy Spirit? as God?s proper name Consistent with the biblical witness Distinction from Hellenism Wiley-Blackwell 2010

9. Some Discussions of the Trinity in Recent Theology F.D.E. Schleiermacher on the dogmatic location of the Trinity At the end of The Christian Faith J?rgen Moltmann on the social Trinity ?The Trinity is our social program? Eberhard J?ngel on the Trinity and metaphysics Trinitarian ?theology of the cross?: differentiation between Father and Son Recover distinctive Christian vision of God, free from secular metaphysics Catherine Mowry LaCugna on the Trinity and salvation ?Theology is inseparable from soteriology, and vice versa? Sarah Coakley on feminism and the Trinity The Trinity and notions of power The role of the Spirit in Christian prayer and prophecy Church?s historical resistance to priority of the Spirit: rationalism over relationality Wiley-Blackwell 2010

10. The Trinitarian Renaissance: Some Examples A trinitarian theology of mission Lesslie Newbigin (1909-98) A trinitarian theology of worship Geoffrey Wainwright, Doxology (1984) James Torrance (1923-2003) A trinitarian theology of atonement Colin Gunton, Actuality of Atonement (1989) A trinitarian ecclesiology Miroslav Volf, After our Likeness: The Church in the Image of the Trinity (1998) Wiley-Blackwell 2010


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