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Adjectives. Spanish One ch.2. Los adjetivos:. Adjectives : Words that modify nouns En español, most adjectives have either two or four forms When using adjectives in Spanish, one must always consider PLACEMENT and AGREEMENT . ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT:.

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slide1

Adjectives

Spanish One ch.2

los adjetivos
Los adjetivos:
  • Adjectives: Words that modify nouns
  • En español, most adjectives have either two or four forms
  • When using adjectives in Spanish, one must always consider PLACEMENT and AGREEMENT.
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ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT:

If an adjective ends in O, A, OS or AS then it will usually have four forms and the form that you use in any given sentence must agree with the noun that it modifies.

simpátco (m/s) simpática (f/s)

simpáticos (m/p) simpáticas (f/p)

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ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT:

If an adjective ends in DOR or DORA then it will usually have four forms and the form that you use in any given sentence must agree with the noun that it modifies.

trabajador (m/s) trabajadora (f/s)

trabajadores (m/p) trabajadoras(f/p)

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ADJECTIVE AGREEMENT:

If an adjective ends in something other than these two, then it will usually have only two forms – singular and plural.

inteligente (s) inteligentes (p)

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PLACEMENT OF ADJECTIVES

  • Restrictive adjectives
    • placed in front of the noun
  • Descriptive adjectives
    • placed after the noun
  • Nouns used as adjectives
    • placed after the noun and separated by the word “de”
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Exceptions to the rule…:

The adjectives good (bueno) and bad (malo) are descriptive adjectives but are generally placed in front of the nouns they modify.

Also adjectives that reflect an inherent quality of the noun

(cold ice) are also placed in front of the noun.

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EXAMPLES:

thebig backpack

lamochilagrande

awhite book

un libro blanco

threeSpanish notebooks

tres cuadernos de español

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PRACTICE:

some school backpacks

a big desk

five English books

two Spanish students

a disorganized notebook

four hard working boys

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PRACTICA

unas mochilas de escuela

un pupitre grande

cinco libros de inglés

dos estudiantes de español

un cuaderno desordenado

cuatro chicos trabajadores

ad