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What’s ATIP?. ATIP = Asian Technology Information Program A US not-for-profit company (12 th year) Both government and corporate contracts HQ in the US, but most staff abroad Mission: To improve Western understanding of Asian technology developments

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What’s ATIP?

  • ATIP = Asian Technology Information Program

  • A US not-for-profit company (12th year)

    • Both government and corporate contracts

    • HQ in the US, but most staff abroad

  • Mission:

    • To improve Western understanding of Asian technology developments

    • To improve collaborations for mutual benefit

    • To build communities of common interests

    • Think Tank for corporate and govt orgs


Advanced Technologies in Japan

Dr. David K. Kahaner

kahaner@atip.or.jp

AF Asian Science & Technology Forum

May 25, 2006

National Strategies to Foster Innovation in Japan


Advanced Japanese Technologies

  • R&D in many sectors at world class levels

  • Driven by commercial & social needs primarily (e.g., not defense)

  • Rapid diffusion into products & services

  • Other countries (especially in Asia) are copying/using this model

  • Examples in this talk are:

    • Instrumented transportation

    • Microelectronics, Sensors

    • Wireless applications & devices

    • Human interfaces

    • Robotics

    • Fuel cells

    • Advanced computers

    • RFID applications

    • Safety structures for homes

    • Medical technology for people


Instrumented transportation

  • Hi tech infrastructure (trains, roads,…)


Transportation & IT

  • An integrated system including Vehicle Information & Communications (2 way), Electronic Toll Collection, Advanced Highway System, Universal Transportation Management System


Subway map (Tokyo)


Buses too

  • Internet delivery of real-time schedule info (PCs & cell phones) including time required to destinations & position info of buses


Leads to the following

From my secretary….

David, you should leave our office at 10:45 and walk to the Oeda subway station (five escalators down from the street).

Please take the 10:53 Oeda line to Shinjuku, which arrives at 11:03. At Shinjuku go up four escalators

You have nine minutes to transfer to the JR Orange Line which leaves there at 11:12 from track 10.

This arrives at Higasi Koganai station at 11:38. Please leave that station by the North exit.

You will have 7 minutes to walk to the CoCo (local) bus stop which is just outside the station. That bus leaves at 11:45.

Get off at bus stop #11, where Prof Pasco will be waiting for you at 11:55.


Microelectronics

  • No secret about this

  • All aspects of semiconductor manufacturing, minus the processors

  • Advanced system-on-chip (SoC), combining different devices in one package

  • Microelectronics manufacturing

    • Moving toward smaller, more agile fabs

    • NEC, Fujitsu, Toshiba, Renesas, etc.

  • Moving toward advanced materials (SiGe, GaN, SiC, etc)


Sensors (related to microelectronics)

  • Ubiquitous sensing

    • Networking of sensors

  • RFID solutions

  • GPS-enabled devices including phones

  • Medical technologies (blood pressure, calorie meter, body composition, etc.


Mobile technology

  • Advanced CDMA (3G+)

  • NTT DoCoMo and AU are the main competitors now

  • NTT exporting DoCoMo i-Mode now

  • Features not to be seen in US market for at least 2-3 years

  • Fujitsu leading in base stations


Human Interfaces


Human Interfaces


Human Interfaces

  • Japanese banking system creaks but their ATMs are the world’s most sophisticated.

  • Multilingual

  • Color, animation

  • Audio

  • Bankbook

  • Some biometrics


Human Interfaces

  • Japan: Land of the talking elevator


Interacting with Humans


Robotics

  • Not only manufacturing robotics

  • Robots aimed at everyday apps:

    • Security

    • Assisting the elderly

      • Exoskeletons, muscle suits

    • Humanoids (e.g. Asimo)

    • Robot intelligence


Base technologies


Fuel Cells + Micropower Generators

  • Large (for cars)

  • Large fuel cell programs at Toyota, Honda, Nissan

  • Hydrogen infrastructure development underway

  • Small (to power portable electronics)

    • Sharp, Casio, Fujitsu, NEC, NTT, etc.


Other Energy Sources


40.00

35.00

30.00

25.00

Tflops

20.00

15.00

10.00

5.00

0.00

0

640

1280

1920

2560

3200

3840

4480

5120

Number of CPUs

Sustained

Peak

Advanced Computers

  • Earth Simulator (world’s fastest in 2002)


Advanced Computers

  • New project: Kei-Soku

    • Preparing to build ~US$1.1B next generation computer (10PF), operational by 2011

    • For life science and nanotech simulations

    • Just behind US efforts


Others

  • Nanotechnology

    • Carbon Nanotubes and Nanosheets invented in Japan

    • Possible “megacity” of CNT trusses

  • RFID for non-logistics applications

    • Tracking children via tags in backbacks and readers in vending machines


Conclusions

  • Japan is at or near world levels in many advanced technologies.

  • Drivers are commercial and social needs rather than defense.

  • Japan rapidly diffuses technology out of the labs into prototype products and services.


Thanks for the opportunity to speak

Contact anytime by email [kahaner@atip.or.jp]

or telephone [(505) 842-9020, +81 3 5411 6670]

ATIP Japan (below)


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