Unit 5 How to Celebrate Holidays. Meng Ling. Cultural Notes. Thanksgiving Introduction Origin Special Meal Celebrations. Introduction.
Thanksgiving is celebrated in the US on the fourth Thursday in November. For many Americans it is the most important holiday apart from Christmas. Schools, offices and most business close for Thanksgiving, and many people make the whole weekend a vacation. The writer O. Henry called it the one day that is purely American. The holiday is a time of family reunion.
Thanksgiving is associated with the time when Europeans first came to North America. In 1620 the ship the Mayflower arrived, bringing about 150 people who today are usually called Pilgrims. They arrived at the beginning of a very hard winter and could not find enough to eat, so many of them died. But in the following summer Native Americans showed them what foods were safe to eat, so that they could save food for the next winter. They held a big celebration to thank God and the Native Americans for the fact that they had survived.
Today people celebrate Thanksgiving to remember these early days. The most important part of the celebration is a traditional dinner with foods that come from North America. The mealincludes turkey, sweet potatoes (also called yams) and cranberries, which are made into a kind of sauce or jelly. The turkey is filled with stuffing or dressing, and many families have their own special recipe. Dessert is pumpkin made into a pie.
On Thanksgiving there are special television programs and sports events. In New York there is the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade, when a long line of people wearing fancy costumes march through the streets with large balloons in the shape of imaginary characters. Thanksgiving is considered the beginning of the Christmas period, and the next day many people go out to shop for Christmas presents.
The term is referred to the 102 English people who sailed to America on the Mayflower in 1620. Their group included 35 Puritans whose aim was to create a safe religious community in the New World. The Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock, and they established the Plymouth colony.
Native Americans were living in North America for many hundreds of years before Europeans reached the continent. For a long time white people called them Indians. Today many people do not like this name since it is based on a mistake: it was given to the people living in the America by Christopher Columbus who, when he arrived there, thought he had landed in India. Instead, people prefer to use the term Native Americans.
The US military service that is controlled by the US Department of Transportation but becomes part of the US Navy during a war. It was established in 1915. The Coast Guard stops ships suspected of carrying drugs and other illegal goods, and can make arrests. It also keeps watch to see that other laws of the sea are obeyed, rescues ships in danger and has a weather service.
2. Why do you think they were sailing there?
3. What made him as a cook extremely busy on that Thanksgiving Day?
4. What was he thinking about on the deck after the day’s hard work?
3. As a cook, he was preparing a traditional dinner featuring roast turkey. It was a lot of hard work to cook and serve a big meal, and clean up and put everything away.
4. He got to thinking about Thanksgiving, of the Pilgrims, Indians, wild turkeys, pumpkins, corn on the cob, and the rest.
I was one of the Murizm’s several cooks and, quite the same as for folk ashore, this Thanksgiving morning had seen us busily preparing a traditional dinner featuring roast turkey.
I was one of the Murizm’s cooks at that time. On the morning of Thanksgiving Day, we, just like people ashore, were busy with preparing a traditional dinner that features roast turkey.
Not one time had I ever bothered to express to any of them so much as a simple, sincere “Thank you”.
I had never expressed my thanks to them, even a simple, sincere “thank you.”
I realized, swallowing hard, that half of them had since died----so they were forever beyond any possible expression of gratitude from me.
I feel terribly sorry since about half of them had died, so that they could never receive any expression of appreciation from me.
So many times I have felt a sadness when exposed to modern childrenso immersed in the electronic media that they have little or no awareness of the marvelous world to be discovered in books.
Ｉhave felt sorry for many times when I saw modern children immersed themselves in the electronic media to such an extent that it almost remained unknown to them that there is a marvelous world in books.
One “mail call” brought me responses from Grandma, Dad, and the Reverend Nelson and my reading of their letters left me not only astonished but more humbled than before.
Then came the time when the loudspeaker called there was mail for us, I received three replies from Grandma, Dad and the Reverend Nelson. After reading them, I felt astonished, but more humbled than ever.
A glance at Grandma’s familiar handwriting, brought back in a flash memories of standing alongside her white rocking chair, watching her “settin, down” some letter to relatives.
As I saw Grandma’s familiar handwriting, what instantly came to mind was the time when I stood beside her white rocking chair and watched her writing to relatives.
Quite often we take for granted the people who are nice to us, then we realize all too late that we have never expressed our appreciation. At other times, when we are away from the holiday rush, we are able to recall the true significance of a holiday -- a time to say how much we value others. The author of this text did exactly that.
What kind of roles do festivals play in people’s life?
Give people a chance to take some days off from their normal duties and relax, offer an opportunity for people to socialize with their family members and friends, a family reunion with parents and siblings, strengthen family bonds, people can take advantage of festivals to travel home and abroad, stimulate the economy …
Divide into groups, only one students in each group come to the stage to read the story, then tell the second students about the story, the second students tell the third about the story, so on and so forth
The fastest group win
An elderly man in Manhattan calls his son in New York and says, “I hate to ruin your day, but I have to tell you that your mother and I are divorcing; forty-five years of misery is enough.”
“Pop, what are you talking about?” The son screams.
“We can’t stand the sight of each other any longer,” the old man says, “we’re sick of each other, and I’m sick of talking about this, so you call your sister in Chicago and tell her,” and he hangs up.
Frantic, the son calls his sister, who explodes on the phone, “they’re not getting divorced if I have anything to do about it,” she shouts, “I’ll take care of this.”
She calls Manhattan immediately, and screams at the old man, “you are NOT getting divorced. Don’t do a single thing until I get there. I’m calling my brother back, and we’ll both be there tomorrow. Until then, don’t do a thing, DO YOU HEAR ME?” and hangs up.
Now, group members have a brainstorm to come up with as many endings as possible
Each group contributes at least one of their best ending to the whole class. They had better explain why they reach the ending like that
The whole class vote for the best ending, the best story-teller and the best explanation
The old man hangs up his phone and turns to his wife and says, “Okay, they’re coming for Thanksgiving – now what do we tell them for Christmas?”
Nowadays, grown-up children are busy with their jobs and their own families. Their parents are usually neglected. To get their children back for Thanksgiving, the old couple have to go to extreme.
It is funny to laugh at their trick, but it is sad to hear that they might have to lie again to get their children’s attention for Christmas.
What would their children react after knowing the truth? Would they feel angry or guilty? And what about you? Are your thinking of your own parents now?
Try to stay with your parents more time, that’s what they expected most.
Put to sea
Be under way
Be at sea
1. under way: in motion or operation, having started and making progress 航行中,工作中
All the way自始至终any way 无论如何
By way of 经由,通过…的方法by virtue of 依靠,借助于
2. expected most.put away: 把…放好, 收好;
3. expected most.get to sth./doing sth.:开始考虑, 做…事
4. expected most.and the rest: and so on 等等
5. expected most.in quest of: seeking 寻求,探求
6. reverse: v. 扭转,反转; adj. 相反的,反面的
n. 背面, 反面; n. 失败,挫折
7. expected most.turn over: think about思考;
8.repay: pay back, reward 偿还
9. expected most.so much as “甚至”
10. gratitude:感激(…to sb./for sth.)
Sincere ~/ show ~/ feel ~/ deep ~
11. expected most.statement: sth. that is said, esp. formally and officially 陈述, 声明
13. expected most.on one’s behalf/ on the behalf of sb.:代表…, 为了…的利益.
14. expected most.impress:使重视, 给予强烈影响; 使…印象深刻
impress upon / on sb. that; impress sth. upon / on sb.
impressive 动人的, 使人印象深刻的
impression n. 印象
15. expected most.diminish: make or become smaller or less
vt/i. (使)减少, 变小
16. expected most.expose: leave uncovered; make accessible 使暴露, 使接触
be exposed to暴露于; 与…接触
17. expected most.immerse: over completely in a liquid; absorb deeply 使沉浸(在水中); 专心于
18. expected most.assemble
a) bring or call together in a group集合,集会
b) fit together the parts or pieces of 组装
Everyone __B__ in the hall where they were welcomed by the secretary.[00-06, CET-6]
A. piled B. assembled C. joined D. accumulate
19. expected most.considerate: thoughtful of the rights and feelings of others; marked by careful thought (followed by of )
Management should be considerate of the well-being and interests of employees.
Cf. considerate of 对…无微不至, 考虑周到
20. expected most.sprinkle: scatter (drops or particles of sth.) on (sth.); scatter in small drops
sprinkle sth. on/over sth.
Sprinkle water on the grass
sprinkle sth. with sth.
Sprinkle the dish with pepper.
21. expected most.accord: a) grant给予, 赠与
b) be in agreement (… with) (使)符合, 一致
accord with 与…相一致 accord sth. to sb. 赠给…
in accord with 与…一致, 融洽 of one’s own accord 主动,自愿
with one accord 全体一致地 in accordance with 根据
accordance. n. 符合, 一致, 和谐
accordingly. 相应地, 因此, 所以.
22. expected most.successive: following one after the other连续的, 不断的
succession n. 连续, 连续不断的事物
in succession 接连的
a succession of victories 连续的胜利
successor 后继者, 继承者
succeed. 继承, 继任.
22. expected most.undergo v. to go through, endure 经历, 遭受
Undergo great hardship/suffering
Undergo repair/surgery接受检修, 进行手术.
23. expected most.bring back使记起, 使回想起
bring forward 把…提前(~ the party);
提出( ~ a plan)
bring about 导致, 使发生
bring out 生产; 揭示
bring through 拯救 , 救活
24. expected most.in a flash: 立刻, 一瞬间
A flash in the pan 昙花一现
A flash of lightning 闪电
A flash of hope一线希望
25. go about四处走动; 开始, 从事, 着手做
go about with sb.和…常联系, 走动
give serious thought to
graduate into a habit of
have little awareness of
sprinkle … with stardust
in the routine
围聚在 expected most.…周围
undergo swift changes
a rocking chair
achieve world peace
make a living as
give sb. an insight into
with similar needs
simple common sense
be paramount for
express one’s loving gratefulness to…