theories of crime deviance
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Theories of Crime & Deviance

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 14

Theories of Crime Deviance - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 850 Views
  • Uploaded on

Theories of Crime & Deviance. Demonology Classical & Neo-Classical Theory Positivism & the Ecological Approach Biological Theories Psychological Approaches Sociological Approaches. Demonology. Crime caused by demonic activity Offender to be purged of evil presence. Classical Theory.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Theories of Crime Deviance' - PamelaLan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
theories of crime deviance
Theories of Crime & Deviance
  • Demonology
  • Classical & Neo-Classical Theory
  • Positivism & the Ecological Approach
  • Biological Theories
  • Psychological Approaches
  • Sociological Approaches
demonology
Demonology
  • Crime caused by demonic activity
  • Offender to be purged of evil presence
classical theory
Classical Theory
  • Origin: about 1764
  • Founders: Cesare Beccaria, Jeremy Bentham
  • Based on ‘hedonistic calculus’
  • Punishment should fit the crime
  • Punishment should be applied equally
neo classical theory
Neo-Classical Theory
  • Introduced idea of mitigating factors
  • Age & situational context taken into account
positivism the ecological approach
Positivism & the Ecological Approach
  • Positivism – emphasizes measuring, accumulating & assessing data
  • Ecological approach identified relationships between criminality and geographical & social factors
biological approaches
Biological Approaches
  • Core ideas:
  • Biological and mental traits make some people crime-prone.
  • These traits are inherited and present at birth.
  • Mental and physical degeneracies are the cause of crime.
lombroso biological atavism
Lombroso & Biological Atavism
  • Study of inmates
  • Physical characteristics of inmates differ from law-abiding citizens
  • Problems with atavism
sheldon somatatyping
Sheldon & Somatatyping
  • Temperament affected by body type
  • Endomorph
  • Ectomorph
  • mesomorph
xyy theory
XYY THEORY
  • Based on studies of inmates
  • “super-male”
  • Problems with xyy theory
genetic predispositions
Genetic Predispositions
  • Some individuals predisposed to:
  • Alcoholism
  • Suicide
  • Mental illness
  • Other deviant and criminal behavior
biological roots of criminal behaviour
Biological Roots of Criminal Behaviour
  • Chemical and Environmental Precursors
  • *eating habits, vitamin deficiencies, blood
  • sugar levels
  • * Dan White and the Twinkie Defence”
  • * Robert Parsons and the “sugar blackout\' defence
  • Hormones and Criminality
  • Testosterone, pre-menstrual syndrome
  • Christine English and Dr. Geraldine Richeter
psychological approaches
Psychological approaches
  • Focus on the individual (cognitive, behavioral, neurological, developmental)
  • Examples:
  • psychoanalytic theory
  • Psychopathy
the psychopath
The Psychopath
  • Lack empathy and guilt
  • Highly manipulative
  • Emotionally shallow
  • Often outwardly charming
  • History of violence & abuse
  • Abnormal physiological responses to stressors
sociological approaches
Sociological Approaches
  • Micro sociology emphasizes social processes
  • Example: learning the symbols of a culture/subculture
  • Macrosociology emphasizes social structures
  • Example: class inequalities cause crime
ad