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FIFA REGULATIONS FOR THE STATUS AND TRANSFER OF PLAYERS. IS IT ALL ABOUT « SPECIFICITY »? Michele Colucci [email protected] - www.colucci.eu Tilburg 2009 . Members of the « sports family ». FIFA UEFA EPFL ECA FIFPRO EUROPEAN COMMISSION?

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fifa regulations for the status and transfer of players

FIFA REGULATIONS FOR THE STATUS AND TRANSFER OF PLAYERS

IS IT ALL ABOUT « SPECIFICITY »?

Michele Colucci

[email protected] - www.colucci.eu

Tilburg 2009

members of the sports family
Members of the « sports family »
  • FIFA
  • UEFA
  • EPFL
  • ECA
  • FIFPRO
  • EUROPEAN COMMISSION?

….“But Brutus is an honorable man, So are they all, all honorable men”.

          • William Shakespeare (1564-1616),

Julius Caesar, Act 3. Scene 2. The Forum in Rome.

genesis
GENESIS
  • The Gentlemen’s agreement (2001)
    • The five principles:
      • free of movement,
      • protection of minors,
      • training compensation,
      • solidarity mechanism,
      • dispute resolution and arbitration system.
  • 2001 FIFA Regulations
  • 2004 FIFA Regulations
    • (adopted on 18 December 2004, entered into force on 1 July 2005)
scope
SCOPE

To establish

  • global and binding rules concerning the status of players
  • their eligibility to participate in Organised Football, and
  • their transfer between clubs belonging to different Associations the release of players for Association teams and players’ eligibility to play for such teams (art. 1)
status of players
STATUS OF PLAYERS
  • A “professional” is a player who has a written contract with a club and is paid more than the expenses he effectively incurs in return for his footballing activity
  • All other players are considered as “amateurs”.
registration of players
REGISTRATION OF PLAYERS
  • A player must be registered with an Association to play for a club
  • A player may only be registered for one club at a time
  • Players may be registered for a maximum of three clubs during the period from 1 July until 30 June of the following year
registration periods
Registration Periods
  • Players may only be registered during one of the two annual Registration Periods fixed by the relevant association.

• Exception:

    • a professional whose contract has expired prior to the end of a Registration Period may be registered outside that Registration Period,
    • respect of the “sport integrity”, player passport.
international transfer certificate
International Transfer Certificate
  • Players registered with one association may only be registered with a new association once the latter has received an International Transfer Certificate
    • Issued free of charge without any conditions or time limitation
players
Players
  • Loan of players= transfer!
  • Unregistered Players

Disciplinary sanctions

contractual stability
CONTRACTUAL STABILITY
  • Respect of contract
  • Terminating a contract for
    • Just Cause
    • Sporting Just Cause
sanctions
Sanctions

• Compensation

• Sporting sanctions

– Players: suspension of 4 months, but also 6 months in the case of aggravating circumstances

– Clubs: ban to register new players for two registration periods.

See MEXES and WEBSTER Cases before DRC and CAS

contract
Contract
  • Maximum of 5 years
  • For under 18:maximum of 3 years
  • Mention to the name of the agent
  • It is not subject to a positive medical examination and/or the granting of a work permit
protection of minors
Protection of Minors
  • General rule: International transfers of players are only permitted if the player is over the age of 18.
  • The player’s parents move to the country in which the New Club is located for reasons not linked to football
  • The transfer takes place within the territory of the EU or EEA and the player is aged between 16 and 18.
    • But some obligations must be fulfilled
  • The player lives no further than 50km from a national border.
training compensation
Training Compensation
  • must be paid when:
    • a player signs his first contract as a professional,
    • on each transfer of a professional until the end of the season of his 23rd birthday.
solidarity mechanism
Solidarity Mechanism
  • If a professional is transferred before the expiry of his contract, any club that has contributed to his education and training shall receive a proportion of the compensation paid to his previous club
jurisdiction
Jurisdiction
  • Civil court for employment-related disputes
  • But FIFA for
    • Disputes between clubs and players in relation to the maintenance of contractual stability if there has been an ITC Request
    • Disputes related to Training Compensation (Art. 20) and Solidarity Mechanism
    • Employment-related disputes between a club and a player that have an “international dimension” (See MEXES case).
      • unless an independent national arbitration tribunal (fair proceedings and equal representation of players and clubs)
judicial bodies
Judicial Bodies
  • Players’ Status Committee
  • Dispute Resolution Chamber (now also a single judge)
  • CAS
national teams
NATIONAL TEAMS
  • OBLIGATIONS FOR THE CLUBS:
    • Release of the players for free
    • Insurance against accidents (Annex 1, article 2)
  • G-14 and Charleroi v. FIFA: abuse of dominant position
conclusion
CONCLUSION

ALL ROADS LEAD TO ROME ... BUT FIRST GO THROUGH BRUSSELS.

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