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SCIENCE AND RESEARCH IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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SCIENCE AND RESEARCH IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA. Prof. D-r Viktor Stefov, President of the Council for Science and Research Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of Macedonia. STRUCTURE OF THE PRESENTATION. Mirror of Macedonian science Institutional infrastructure

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SCIENCE AND RESEARCH IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

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SCIENCE AND RESEARCH IN

THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

Prof. D-r Viktor Stefov,

President of the Council for Science and Research

Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of Macedonia


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STRUCTURE OF THE PRESENTATION

  • Mirror of Macedonian science

    • Institutional infrastructure

    • Protagonists of science policy

    • Scientific human resources

    • Legal frame

    • Financial aspects

    • New strategy

    • Governmental measures

  • Macedonian participation in international programs


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SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE IN R.MACEDONIA

  • Universities (5)

    • Faculties (37)

    • Public Scientific Institutes (13)

    • Colleges (2)

  • Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts

    • Members (42)

    • Departments (5)

    • Research Centers (2)

  • Independent research groups


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UNIVERSITIES

  • State Universities

    • Sts “Cyril and Methodius” – Skopje

    • Sts “Clement of Ohrid” – Bitola

    • Tetovo University - Tetovo

  • Private Universities

    • University of South and Eastern Europe – Tetovo

    • European University - Skopje


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PROTAGONISTS OF SCIENCE POLICY IN R.MACEDONIA

  • Ministry of Education and Science

    • Department of Science and Technology

      • Unit for planning of science

      • Unit for projects

      • Unit for legal aspects of science and technology

      • Unit for technological development and technical culture

      • Unit for International Scientific Cooperation (FP6, COST, NATO, UNESCO, IAEA, JICA, bilateral cooperation)

  • Council for Science and Research


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SCIENTIFIC HUMAN RESOURCES IN MACEDONIA


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LEGAL FRAME FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN R.MACEDONIA

  • Law for Scientific and Research Activity

    • Internal documents for:

      • Supporting of young scientists

      • Financing of scientific projects

      • Supporting of publishing

  • Law for Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts

  • Law on Encouraging and Supporting the Technological Development


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0.55

YEAR

BUDGET

PART FOR SCIENCE

%

1998

830 million EUR

5 million EUR

0.62

1999

690 million EUR

6.1 million EUR

0.94

2000

1.05 billion EUR

4.3 million EUR

0.39

2001

910 million EUR

5.2 million EUR

0.58

2004

2003

923 million EUR

915 million EUR

5.0 million EUR

5.1 million EUR

0.54

2002

1.18 billion EUR

5.2 million EUR

0.44

FINANCIAL ASPECT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN R.MACEDONIA

  • Budget contribution in R&D


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TYPE OF EXPENDITURE

1998

1999

2000

2001

2004

2003

2002

GERD (Gross domestic expenditure on R&D)/GDP

0.43

0.35

0.44

0.32

0.25

0.22

0.27

0.01

0.003

0.015

BERD (Expenditure on R&D in the Business sector)/GDP

0.05

0.04

0.03

0.02

GOVERD (Government intramural expenditure on R&D)/GDP

0.15

0.16

0.15

0.16

0.12

0.14

0.15

HERD (Expenditure on R&D in the Higher Education)/GDP

0.23

0.14

0.27

0.13

0.11

0.11

0.08

FINANCIAL ASPECT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN R.MACEDONIA

  • R&D intensity (%) of GDP by sector of performance


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FINANCIAL ASPECT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN R.MACEDONIA

  • Financing of Science and Technology in Macedonia

    • Salary for Public Scientific Institutions and High Education Institutions

    • Programs for Public Scientific Institutions

    • Fellowship for postgraduate and doctoral students

    • Participation in scientific meetings

    • Research projects, Technological development projects

    • Bilateral projects

    • Equipment

    • Investments in infrastructure


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NEW STRATEGY FOR IMPROVEMENT OF R&D

  • Integrated approach in the research activities

    • Necessity

    • Quality

  • Definition of criteria for supporting R&D activities

  • Enlargement of the amount for fellowship

  • Internationalization of R&D

  • Regional cooperation

  • Intra governmental coordination

  • Definition of priorities

  • Establishing a peer evaluation procedure


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NEW STRATEGY FOR IMPROVEMENT OF R&D

  • RECENT ACTIVITIES

    • Enabled national access to SCOPUS

    • Construction of database with publications and citations of institutions and researchers from R. Macedonia

    • Construction of a database of patents in R. Macedonia

  • FUTURE ACTIVITIES are set in the Action Plan of the Program for development of R&D for 2006-2010


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POTENTIAL CENTERS OF EXCELLENCE

  • Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics

  • Research Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts

  • Nephrology Clinic, Faculty of Medicine

  • Institute for Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Seismology


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GOVERNMENTAL MEASURES IN THE R&D SECTOR

  • Programs for improvement of R&D

    • for encouraging and supporting national R&D projects,

    • for granting fellowships for post-graduate and doctoral studies both in the country and abroad,

    • for supporting researchers for participation at international meetings,

    • target research program for coordination of the R&D activities within the governmental bodies,

    • for development of R&D infrastructure

  • Program for development of R&D for 2006-2010


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GOVERNMENTAL MEASURES IN THE R&D SECTOR

  • For enhanced technological development, measures are taken in order to:

    • stimulate and support the cooperation between the universities and the industry;

    • improve and intensify the use of the scientific research results in the industry;

    • promotion of the technological development of the enterprises aimed at stimulation of their competitiveness


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REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA R&D COOPERATION

  • Bilateral cooperation

  • COST

  • FP6

  • NATO

  • UNESCO

  • IAEA

  • JICA


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Bilateral cooperation

  • >100 bilateral projects with:

    • Slovenia

    • France

    • Germany

    • Serbia

    • Bulgaria

    • Croatia

    • Japan

  • New with:

    • Albania

    • China

    • USA

    • Russian Federation

    • Israel

    • Austria, soon


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  • R.Macedonia became a member in May 2002

  • Macedonian scientists participate in 25 COST Actions in the fields of (civil engineering, forestry and forest products, agriculture and biotechnology, chemistry, physics, life sciences, telecommunication)

  • Macedonia hosted the 158th Meeting of the COST Senior Officials in February 2004

COST


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6th FRAMEWORK PROGRAM

  • 40 projects approved (from >200 proposals)

  • 2 multilateral projects (Dept. Science)

    • SEE-ERA-NET

    • ERA WEST BALKAN

  • 4.5 million EUR!


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STATUS AND PERSPECTIVES

In the ANALYTICAL REPORT for the opinion on the application of the Republic of Macedonia for EU membership(General evaluation, page 137*):

“If it continues its efforts, the Republic of Macedo-nia should not have major difficulties in applying the acquis in the medium term in the following fields:

  • Science and research;

  • *http://www.sei.gov.mk/documents/eip/ANALYTICAL_REPORT_COM(2005)562.pdf


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Macedonia's Megalithic Kokino Observatory is more than 3,800 years old. NASA has ranked it the fourth oldest in the world.

THANK YOU

FOR YOUR ATTENTION

AND ENJOY...


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