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What is the stigma associated with social welfare and why is there one?? SW associated with poverty and the receipt of $ This comes from the value placed on work and reciprocity (pensioners “+” TANF “-”) Explain these concepts work & reciprocity. Basics of Social Welfare. What is Stigma?.

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basics of social welfare
What is the stigma associated with social welfare and why is there one??

SW associated with poverty and the receipt of $

This comes from the value placed on work and reciprocity (pensioners “+” TANF “-”)

Explain these concepts work & reciprocity

Basics of Social Welfare
what is stigma
What is Stigma?
  • A. A genetic condition
  • B. A cornea shaped like rugby ball and not a sphere
  • C. A negative connotation based on a societal reaction to uncontrollable circumstances
  • D. Unfavorable opinions based on behavior
economists stigma theories
Economists & Stigma (Theories)
  • Statistical discrimination
    • Reliance & hard work are good (welfare
    • recipients don have this)
  • Taxpayer Resentment Theory
    • Welfare recipients undeserving
  • Individualism
    • Strive for success according to rules
    • Rules (equity & fairness)
    • Ability unequal reward for unequal talents
    • Hard work & ability success
    • Success & virtue relationship (All due to individual)
  • Self-selection and stigma
explanations of social welfare offered by economic theory critiques emphasize
Explanations of social welfare offered by economic theory critiques emphasize
  • Fairness and equity
  • Its place and fit with the free market
  • Smaller case study approaches that look at the lives of individuals
  • A complete explanation of the phenomena
how do you define social welfare
How do you define Social Welfare?
  • Exclusiveness
  • Inclusiveness
  • Economic transfers outside the system
    • Primary principle –price is driven by worth
    • Welfare recipients pay less than fair price
      • Examples?????
  • Method is clear & unambiguous
  • Covers services to non-poor reducing stigma
meet basic needs
Meet Basic Needs
  • Addresses health & economic adequacy
  • Satisfying standards of life and health
  • Minimum level of social functioning
  • What is essential??????
functional definition
Functional Definition
  • Interdependent units full range of responsibilities
  • A society cannot survive if too many cannot function at this level, also
  • Social system cannot endure if too many cultural patterns of inefficiencies prevent interdependent functioning
  • History has changed this and led to creation of social welfare
key terms
Key terms
  • Social Structure how individuals achieve identity (status and role) > groups and organizations> institutions> society
  • Social Institutions (Production-Distribution-Consumption; Population-Socialization;Social Integration;Mutual Support;Social Control/Order; Social Change)
  • Family & kinship; Government; Economics; Religion; Education
definitions of social welfare
Definitions of social welfare
  • Are conclusive and cover most critical concepts
  • Illuminate the complexity of the concept
  • Show the agreement between different between the different approaches
  • All of the above
exercise
exercise
  • Create your own system
    • Family & kinship;
    • Government;
    • Economics;
    • Religion;
    • Education
  • What would social welfare look like?
    • Stigma
    • What would your programs look like?
dependence interdependence the social welfare institution
Dependence, Interdependence, & the Social Welfare Institution
  • 2 levels of functioning : individual performance & social institutions
  • Interdependence versus dependence
  • Industrialization brought deterioration in institutions and increase in members of high risk individuals (greater needs & less able to promote the kinds of changes needed)
dependence opportunity
Dependence/Opportunity
  • High levels of dependence >repression
    • Various methods of control
    • Create limited alternatives versus holding folks responsible
  • Two conceptions of social welfare
    • Institutional-all of us need help at one point or other
    • Residual –system of support when family & market do not meet needs
welfare state arguments
Welfare State arguments
  • Incoherent-all things to all people
  • Economic prosperity renders this unnecessary
  • Cost is a threat to the economy
  • Squandering endless resources on “wrong people” with little impact
  • Creates dependence which threatens freedom
inevitable adjustment
Inevitable adjustment
  • Current state is not a liberal initiative but a response to change
  • In former rural agriculture society welfare was not needed but it is necessary in current system
  • Rational response to modern problems of modernization
welfare state revisited
Welfare State revisited

Programmatic welfare state that devotes portion of gnp, through taxation, to social problems w/o altering economy

Redistributive welfare state has a focus on redistributing wealth & resources

american beliefs gss 2001
American Beliefs GSS-2001

S. Services have gone too far

L (22%) M(36%) C(36%) 28%

Right on Track

L (77%) M(79%) C(63%) 73%

Should Gov. reduce $ Difs b/w rich and poor

Y L (36%) M(40%) C(24%) 26%

M L (25%) M(41%) C(32%) 51%

N L (17%) M(30%) C(52%) 73%

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