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What is the stigma associated with social welfare and why is there one?? SW associated with poverty and the receipt of $ This comes from the value placed on work and reciprocity (pensioners “+” TANF “-”) Explain these concepts work & reciprocity. Basics of Social Welfare. What is Stigma?.

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Basics of social welfare l.jpg

What is the stigma associated with social welfare and why is there one??

SW associated with poverty and the receipt of $

This comes from the value placed on work and reciprocity (pensioners “+” TANF “-”)

Explain these concepts work & reciprocity

Basics of Social Welfare


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What is Stigma? there one??

  • A. A genetic condition

  • B. A cornea shaped like rugby ball and not a sphere

  • C. A negative connotation based on a societal reaction to uncontrollable circumstances

  • D. Unfavorable opinions based on behavior


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Economists & Stigma (Theories) there one??

  • Statistical discrimination

    • Reliance & hard work are good (welfare

    • recipients don have this)

  • Taxpayer Resentment Theory

    • Welfare recipients undeserving

  • Individualism

    • Strive for success according to rules

    • Rules (equity & fairness)

    • Ability unequal reward for unequal talents

    • Hard work & ability success

    • Success & virtue relationship (All due to individual)

  • Self-selection and stigma


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Explanations of social welfare offered by economic theory critiques emphasize

  • Fairness and equity

  • Its place and fit with the free market

  • Smaller case study approaches that look at the lives of individuals

  • A complete explanation of the phenomena


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How do you define Social Welfare? critiques emphasize

  • Exclusiveness

  • Inclusiveness

  • Economic transfers outside the system

    • Primary principle –price is driven by worth

    • Welfare recipients pay less than fair price

      • Examples?????

  • Method is clear & unambiguous

  • Covers services to non-poor reducing stigma


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Meet Basic Needs critiques emphasize

  • Addresses health & economic adequacy

  • Satisfying standards of life and health

  • Minimum level of social functioning

  • What is essential??????


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Functional Definition critiques emphasize

  • Interdependent units full range of responsibilities

  • A society cannot survive if too many cannot function at this level, also

  • Social system cannot endure if too many cultural patterns of inefficiencies prevent interdependent functioning

  • History has changed this and led to creation of social welfare


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Key terms critiques emphasize

  • Social Structure how individuals achieve identity (status and role) > groups and organizations> institutions> society

  • Social Institutions (Production-Distribution-Consumption; Population-Socialization;Social Integration;Mutual Support;Social Control/Order; Social Change)

  • Family & kinship; Government; Economics; Religion; Education


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Definitions of social welfare critiques emphasize

  • Are conclusive and cover most critical concepts

  • Illuminate the complexity of the concept

  • Show the agreement between different between the different approaches

  • All of the above


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exercise critiques emphasize

  • Create your own system

    • Family & kinship;

    • Government;

    • Economics;

    • Religion;

    • Education

  • What would social welfare look like?

    • Stigma

    • What would your programs look like?


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Dependence, Interdependence, & the Social Welfare Institution

  • 2 levels of functioning : individual performance & social institutions

  • Interdependence versus dependence

  • Industrialization brought deterioration in institutions and increase in members of high risk individuals (greater needs & less able to promote the kinds of changes needed)


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Dependence/Opportunity Institution

  • High levels of dependence >repression

    • Various methods of control

    • Create limited alternatives versus holding folks responsible

  • Two conceptions of social welfare

    • Institutional-all of us need help at one point or other

    • Residual –system of support when family & market do not meet needs


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Welfare State arguments Institution

  • Incoherent-all things to all people

  • Economic prosperity renders this unnecessary

  • Cost is a threat to the economy

  • Squandering endless resources on “wrong people” with little impact

  • Creates dependence which threatens freedom


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Inevitable adjustment Institution

  • Current state is not a liberal initiative but a response to change

  • In former rural agriculture society welfare was not needed but it is necessary in current system

  • Rational response to modern problems of modernization


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Welfare State revisited Institution

Programmatic welfare state that devotes portion of gnp, through taxation, to social problems w/o altering economy

Redistributive welfare state has a focus on redistributing wealth & resources


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American Beliefs GSS-2001 Institution

S. Services have gone too far

L (22%) M(36%) C(36%) 28%

Right on Track

L (77%) M(79%) C(63%) 73%

Should Gov. reduce $ Difs b/w rich and poor

Y L (36%) M(40%) C(24%) 26%

M L (25%) M(41%) C(32%) 51%

N L (17%) M(30%) C(52%) 73%


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