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Sicily - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Sicily. Outline. Introduction Part I. Historical background a. Ancient times b. Modern times Part II. Attractions a. Major cities b. Landmarks Conclusion References. Introduction.

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Presentation Transcript
  • Introduction
  • Part I. Historical background
  • a. Ancient times
  • b. Modern times
  • Part II. Attractions
  • a. Major cities
  • b. Landmarks
  • Conclusion
  • References
  • Sicily (Sicilia), the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, in southern Italy, is separated from mainland by the Strait of Messina
  • Area of 25,707 sq km; population (2000) 5 million
  • Agriculture is still the predominant occupation of Sicilians
  • Tourism is also an important economic contributor
  • Sicily has a rich and complex history
  • Many landmarks and all kind of influences: Greek, Carthaginian, Roman, Byzantine, Muslim, French, Spanish, Austrian, etc…
i historical background
I. Historical background
  • a. Ancient times
  • The earliest Greek colony, Naxos, was founded about 734 BC
  • In 210 BC Sicily became a Roman province
  • Conquest by the Vandals under Gaiseric in AD 440
  • Cession of the island to the Ostrogoth leader Theodoric
  • Recovery by the Byzantine general Belisarius in AD 535 for the Byzantine Empire
  • Saracen occupation in 827
  • In 1061 the Normans, under Robert Guiscard and his brother Roger I of Sicily, began the conquest of Sicily, completed in 1091
  • In 1194 the Norman rule was succeeded by that of the house of Hohenstaufen
  • Charles I, count of Anjou and the brother of Louis IX of France, seized control of the kingdom in 1266
i historical background5
I. Historical background
  • b. Modern times
  • Sicily became independent and chose as king Pedro III, king of Aragon in 1282
  • The island was given to the Spanish crown and after to Austria
  • In 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte conquered the Kingdom of Naples and placed his brother Joseph on the throne (reign in Sicily)
  • Sicily was incorporated into the new kingdom of Italy in1861
  • Mussolini launched a ruthless campaign to destroy the Mafia in 1922
  • In 1943, Sicily was invaded from North Africa by American, Canadian, and British forces
  • Under the constitution of 1948 Sicily became a locally autonomous region of Italy
ii attractions
II. Attractions
  • a. Major cities
  • Siracusa (Syracuse)
  • On the south-east coast of the island
  • Ortigia (Ortygia) island, linked by a bridge to mainland Sicily with medieval streets and a Baroque appearance
  • The modern town characterized by a regular square urban layout
  • Founded by Greek settlers in the 8th century BC.
  • Greek theatre (3rd century BC.), Roman amphitheatre (3rd century BC.), Temple of Apollo (7th-6th century BC.)
  • Famous People: Theocritus (poet, 310-260 BC.), Archimedes (mathematician, 285-212 BC.), Epicarmo (writer, 5th century BC.)
ii attractions8
II. Attractions
  • Palermo
  • North-west coast of Sicily
  • Founded by the Phoenicians in the eighth century BC as a port
  • The city was part of the Roman Empire from 253 BC
  • Ruled by the Goths before becoming a Byzantine possession in 552
  • Palermo was conquered by the Arabs in 831 became capital of the independent emirate of Sicily
  • Norman rule in 1072; part of Italy in 1860
  • Cathedral (12th century), Palazzo dei Normanni…
  • Greek, Roman, Byzantine, Norman and Arab influence on architecture
ii attractions10
II. Attractions
  • b. Landmarks
  • Valley of the Temples
  • archeological area in Agrigento
  • Ruins of numerous temples, necropoli, houses, streets
  • great temples of ancient Akragas: Hera, Hercules, Olympian Zeus, Castor and Pollux and Vulcan
  • Most of the temples at Agrigento are in ruins
  • Part of the Temple of Juno built around 450 BC still intact
  • The Temple of Concord built around 440 BC, in good condition
  • a Unesco world heritage site since 1998
ii attractions12
II. Attractions
  • Mount Etna
  • At approximately 3350 meters, it is Europe\'s highest active volcano
  • Sicily\'s greatest natural attraction is also its highest mountain
  • To the ancient Greeks, Etna is the realm of Vulcan, god of fire, and the home of the one-eyed monster called Cyclops
  • The first recorded eruption of Mt Etna was in 1500 B.C.
  • During 1999-2001 spectacular eruptions occurred at the summit craters of Mt Etna
  • Other famous volcano: Stromboli, volcanic island in the Italian Lipari Islands in the Adriatic Sea, north of Sicily
  • The process of industrialization in Sicily has made many Sicilians migrate to northern Italy, Germany, Switzerland, North and South America and Australia
  • At the same time, Sicily has experienced a resurgence of the Mafia, which has become a serious problem throughout modern Italy
  • Sicily has become famous in American movies as the land of the Mafia (The Godfather)
  • But Sicily has above all one of the richest concentration of art in the world
  • A bridge is about to be built between Sicily and the continent