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Report, Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS. Barbara Hayler, Committee Chair. Committee History. Established July, 2009 by Campus Senate Separate from & independent of the IAC 5 Members: Tenured faculty and independent staff Neutral on athletics. Committee Charge.

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Report, Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS

Barbara Hayler, Committee Chair


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Committee History at UIS

  • Established July, 2009 by Campus Senate

  • Separate from & independent of the IAC

  • 5 Members:

    • Tenured faculty and independent staff

    • Neutral on athletics

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Committee Charge at UIS

  • Resolution 38-27 focused on specific incidents and related governance issues

  • Revised charge (approved by Senate)

    • Assess the extent to which current UIS policies address the recommendations of the 2004 Task Force and the 2008 IAC Report

    • Examine the nature of existing policies

    • Investigate the extent to which existing policies have been implemented

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Report of the Intercollegiate Athletics Committee (IAC), 2008

  • Four organizing principles:

    • Academic Integrity and Quality

    • Student-Athlete Welfare and Well-being

    • Campus Governance of Intercollegiate Athletics

    • Fiscal responsibility

  • IAC report reflected core principles endorsed by the Coalition on Intercollegiate Athletics (COIA) and the NCAA President’s Task Force on the Future of Division I (2006)

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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How the Committee Did Its Work 2008

  • Interviewed administrators & staff members responsible for Athletics and policies affecting student-athletes at UIS in

    • The Athletics Department

    • The Chancellor’s Office

    • The Division of Academic Affairs

    • The Division of Student Affairs

  • Interviewed individual faculty and staff members, including IAC Chair and FAR

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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How the Committee Did Its Work 2008

  • Invited staff, faculty and students (including SGA and student-athletes) to discuss their experiences with athletics at UIS

  • Reviewed available documentation about athletics at UIS

  • Requested information not routinely available, including budget reports and student-athlete academic profile information

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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How the Committee Did Its Work 2008

  • At administration’s request, Committee agreed to follow audit-style procedure and allow administration to review and respond to the report prior to release

  • Administration’s response and Committee comments on that response are included in the report as Appendix 10

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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What the Committee Did 2008Not Do

  • Focus primarily on Spring 2009 events

  • Conduct a formal legal inquiry

  • Take sworn statements

  • Hold public hearings

  • Require people to meet with it

  • Formally request UIS e-mail files

  • File formal requests under the state

    Freedom of Information Act (FOIA)

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Overview of the Report made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.

  • Full report is available at http://www.uis.edu/campussenate/docs/documents/IACTFCommitteeReportFinalVersion.pdf

  • Includes Executive Summary with all Committee recommendations, review of implementation of all 2004 and 2008 recommendations (Section VI)

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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General Conclusions made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.

  • UIS lacks written policies in many areas relating to intercollegiate athletics which would:

    • Document current practices

    • Create institutional commitments & priorities

    • Provide guidance when people involved change or new challenges arise

  • UIS lacks standard procedures and written guidelines for handling critical situations.

    • Promotes “damage control” reaction mode

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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General Conclusions made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.

  • UIS lacks clear identification of parties that should be consulted when campus incidents occur

  • UIS lacks clear lines of institutional responsibility for handling critical incidents

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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General Conclusions made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.

  • Athletics currently lacks effective external supervision or oversight

  • Educational policy and athletics are integrally connected at UIS

    • Athletics Objective # 2: the educational goals and mission of UIS determine the standards for athletics

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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General Conclusions made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.

  • Pattern over past several years has not been one of shared governance or active collaboration

    • Administration agreed to bylaws language making IAC advisory to the Chancellor and the Athletics Director on “budget and finance, personnel, and operational aspects of the intercollegiate athletics program”

    • Advisory role requires active participation in considering options, not just receiving information about actions taken

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Fiscal Responsibility Issues ( made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.Section V)

Intercollegiate athletics is one of the things that UIS should examine to see if the existing program is consistent with campus priorities and with where UIS wants to go.

-- Interim University of Illinois President Stanley Ikenberry, March 5, 2010 meeting with UIS faculty (paraphrased)

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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What is the Cost of Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS? made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.

  • FY09 Final Expenditures: $1,550,000

  • Team Operating Expenses: $267,000

  • General Office/Administrative: $70,000

  • Salaries: $560,000

  • Scholarships & Waivers: $525,000

  • Tuition Waivers: $125,000

  • Does not include debt service or some operating costs for TRAC

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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How is Intercollegiate Athletics Funded at UIS? made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.

  • FY09 Actual Revenues

  • Generated Revenue = $197,100 (14%)

  • Allocated Revenue = $1,193,050 (86%)

    • State-appropriated

      funds: $218,260 (16%)

    • Tuition waivers: $125,000 ( 9%)

    • Student fees: $849,800 (61%)

      (Athletics Fee and Online Student Services Fee)

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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  • FY10 Budgeted Revenues made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.

  • Generated Revenue = $ 130,000 ( 8%)

  • Allocated Revenue = $1,584,000 (92%)

    • State-appropriated

      funds: $434,000 (25%)

    • Tuition waivers: $175,000 (10%)

    • Student fees: $975,000 (57%)

  • Estimated deficit of $68,640

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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FY09 Actual Revenue and made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.FY10 Budgeted Revenue

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Fiscal Responsibility Findings: made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.Increases in Student Athletics Fee

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Fiscal Responsibility Findings made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.Transparency Issues

  • The entire Athletics budget is not presented in a single budget document

    • FY09 base budget (in U of I Budget Summary for Operations document) = $75,000

    • Total state-appropriated funds (GRF + tuition funds) spent on athletics in FY09 = $218,260

    • FY10 base budget = $75,000

    • Total state appropriated funds in FY10 budget = $434,000

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Fiscal Responsibility Findings made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.Transparency Issues

  • Athletics salaries paid by state funds are included in the “gray book” report to the Board of Trustees

  • Salaries paid by student fees or other non-state funds are only reported in internal UIS budget documents

  • All salaries are currently posted on http://data.illinimedia.com/salaries/index/2009/spr/

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Fiscal Responsibility Findings made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.Transparency Issues

  • The budget has generally been presented to IAC in November or December, half-way through the fiscal year

  • Proposed capital projects and facilities-related expenses are not included in the Athletics budget

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Expenses Associated with made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.NCAA Division II and GLVC Affiliation

Expenses have been higher than anticipated, and are expected to continue to rise

  • Full-time coaches in most sports

  • Possible move to full-time assistant coaches

  • Men’s baseball required in GLVC

  • Additional women’s sport in 2013 or 2014

  • Increases in “athletically-related financial aid”

  • Facilities costs

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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12 Recommendations (Nos. 20 – 31) made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.

  • Complete budget information, readily available

  • Consult on proposed budget before start of fiscal year

  • Realistic 5-year projection on costs of Division II program

  • Plan to reduce or eliminate ongoing deficit

  • Reduced reliance on student fees

  • NCAA financial review requirement

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Five Recommendations Accepted made in the 2004 and 2008 reports and related policies.by Administration

20 – Complete budget document

23 – Explain cumulative deficit

25 – Prepare realistic multi-year plan

26 – Consult with Student Affairs on

allocation of tuition waivers

28 – Prepare report on impact of current

levels of student fees

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Seven Recommendations on which Administration wants further discussion

21 – Electronically post budget information

22 – Present athletics budget to IAC before start of fiscal year for consultation & advice

24 – Identify source of reallocated state funds

27 – Discuss proposed student fee increases for athletics with IAC

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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29 – Any reallocation of student fees should serve original purpose of fee

30 – Share external fundraising plans for athletics with IAC; annual report to IAC, to include pledges and realized income

31 – Provide financial review and audit documents to IAC; determine whether U of I audit process meets NCAA financial review requirement

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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The Next Steps original purpose of fee

  • Specific administration implementation plan for accepted recommendations

  • Written administrative response identifying disagreements with other recommendations; counterproposal when administration agrees with the “spirit” of a recommendation

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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The Next Steps original purpose of fee

  • Who will be responsible for making and implementing decisions regarding athletics at UIS, given the Chancellor’s resignation date?

  • How will the campus communities be involved in these decisions?

  • Decisions made in the next 3 months will bind UIS for several years, and may create Title IX problems that will need to be addressed.

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Is Athletics an Effective Recruiting Tool? original purpose of fee

  • Anecdotal evidence – The Flutie Effect

  • Empirical evidence

    • Effect limited to Division I schools with national football or basketball success

    • Pope & Pope (2009) measured applications to NCAA’s top 20 football schools & top 16 basketball schools, found increases ranging from 2 - 8%

    • Effect is a limited surge for one or two years

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Is Athletics an Effective Recruiting Tool? original purpose of fee

  • Intercollegiate athletics recruits student-athletes

  • In FY09 UIS had 123 student-athletes, reported $580,000 in athletically-related student aid (average = $4,730/student)

  • NCAA Division II survey of athletes found academic offerings were more important in recruiting student-athletes than athletic programs

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Does Athletics Increase Donations? original purpose of fee

  • Anecdotal evidence – Fans and boosters give to schools whose teams they support

  • Empirical evidence

    • Humphreys & Mondello (2007) study of NCAA Division I found postseason success in football and basketball led to increased gifts restricted to athletics for some schools, but no increase in unrestricted giving

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Does Athletics Increase Donations? original purpose of fee

  • Baade & Sundberg (1996) reported a slight but positive effect on giving for schools that participated in NCAA Div I championship games; winning records alone had no significant effect on donations

  • Congressional Budget Office (2009) study concluded that the effect of winning records or postseason success on total giving to the university “is likely to be small”

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Is Intercollegiate Athletics a Net Revenue Source? original purpose of fee

  • 25 of 333 NCAA Division I athletics programs were self-supporting without institutional subsidies (reported a net profit) in FY08 (Fulks, 2009; commissioned by NCAA)

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Distribution of Net Revenue for Division I-A Schools, Football & Basketball only (Orszag & Israel, 2009; commissioned by NCAA)

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Is Intercollegiate Athletics a Net Revenue Source? Division II Studies

  • Fulks (2005): With institutional support excluded, Division II institutions without football reported average total revenues of $600,000 in FY03 and average expenses of $1.9 million – a net loss of $1.3 million

  • Division II institutions with football reported average total revenues of $1.1 million in FY03 and average expenses of $2.7 million – a net loss of $1.6 million

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Is Intercollegiate Athletics a Net Revenue Source? Division II Studies

  • NCAA Division II Athletics Study (Hardwick-Day, 2007, commissioned by NCAA) examined FY05 data and found that Division II athletics programs resulted in a net expenditure for most institutions

  • Football and men’s basketball showed net losses; the only sport to show a net profit was ice hockey.

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Student-Athlete Welfare Issues II Studies

  • Advising and Academic Support

  • Oversight of Student-Athlete Behavior

  • Campus Health Services and Athletics

  • Expectations for Coaches

  • Events of Spring 2009

  • Events of October, 2009

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Campus Health Services (CHS) II Studiesand Athletics

  • Example of need for written policy

    • Item in 2004 Task Force Report

    • Recommendation 12 by Committee (2009)

  • CHS responsibility for conducting physical exams and determining fitness to play

    • July 2008: Agreement on policy reached

    • July 2009: Administration says written policy being prepared

    • February 2010: Administration says it will implement a plan by Summer 2010

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Expectations for Coaches II Studies

  • Current behavioral expectations based on NCAA standards for recruiting, practice time, sportsmanship, etc.

  • 2009-10 alcohol policy:

    “The consumption of alcohol by a student-athlete or an athletic coach is prohibited during any official intercollegiate team function.”

  • Code of Ethical Conduct for Coaches – Committee Recommendation 13

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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The Events of Spring, 2009 II Studies

  • Focus on actions taken by Athletics Department and Chancellor, not on details of what happened

  • Focus on how other problems can be prevented or handled better in the future

  • Response to critical incidents indicates how well prepared the administration and the Athletics Dept. are to handle more routine issues as they arise

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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The Events of Spring, 2009 II Studies

  • Interviewed the Chancellor, the Athletic Director, and other administrators who were part of the ad hoc “response team”

  • Interviewed the FAR and IAC Chair, who were not consulted or kept informed as events unfolded

  • Interviewed student-athletes

  • Did not interview the coaches involved

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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The Events of Spring, 2009 II StudiesFindings

  • Athletics Dept. had no clear policy on alcohol use by coaches or student-athletes of legal age

  • Initial investigation conducted within Athletics Department; no outside parties were involved

  • Coaches were allowed to resign with no information or explanation placed on the record

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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4. No written resignation agreements were negotiated to limit post-resignation behavior

5. No systematic records were kept about response team activity

6. According to the Chancellor and Provost, no written memorandum of record or incident report was prepared and no meeting minutes were kept

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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7. No written policy or guidelines exist for dealing with major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”

8. The lack of any public statement by UIS fueled rumors and made it impossible for those without information to respond appropriately

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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The Events of Spring, 2009 major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”Conclusions

  • A year after the original events, UIS does not appear to be better prepared to prevent or to deal with another such incident

  • The Committee could not identify any major changes (other than the inclusion of coaches in the Department’s alcohol policy) implemented as a result of “lessons learned”

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Contact Information for Committee Members major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”

  • Chair: Barbara Hayler, [email protected] 206-7586

  • Members (all in UIS Directory):

    Tom Ambrose (ILLAPS); Beverly Bunch (Public Administration); Dyanne Ferk (CBM); Jonathan Perkins (Visual Arts)

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”


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Athletic Department Hiring Processes major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”

  • Large number of visiting coaches on short-term appointments; only position filled this year was Men’s Soccer coach

  • Due diligence issues

  • Following UIS policies on establishing criteria for hiring process and following them

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Living Up to Our Commitments major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”

  • Coalition on Intercollegiate Athletics:

    Athletic scholarships should be awarded on a year-by-year basis with the presumption that they should be renewed . . . for students who are in good academic standing, conform to campus codes for student behavior, conform to the athletics department’s standards of conduct, and adhere to team rules.

  • Most student-athletes offered financial aid at UIS are assured that it will be renewed if the student meets academic & behavioral standards

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Living Up to Our Commitments major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”

  • Women athletes from three different sports have recently had their financial aid or team participation cancelled

  • Some of these students are juniors who cannot transfer to another sports program and would have difficulty transferring their course work to another institution

  • The Athletics Department refuses to discuss these cases on the grounds that they’re personal and private

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Different Standards for Different Teams? major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”

  • On a team that is not winning, minor missteps are being used to separate female athletes from the team and from the financial support that allows them to attend UIS

  • On a winning team that receives positive newspaper coverage, more serious violations of team and campus rules are overlooked

  • On another team, allegations of misconduct are not even investigated

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Putting Academics First major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”

  • The department strives to recruit academically sound student-athletes who have the desire and motivation to graduate and become responsible citizens.

  • It is paramount that the Intercollegiate Athletics Department works in harmony with the values outlined in the mission statement of the University of Illinois at Springfield.

  • The goal of the University of Illinois at Springfield and its Intercollegiate Athletics Department is for the student-athletes to receive a quality experience both in the classroom and in their athletic pursuits.

    UIS Student-Athlete Handbook, 2009-2010

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Putting Academics First? major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”

  • AD Jehlicka and coaches assured the Committee numerous times that student-athletes would not be required to skip classes to attend practices. I can no longer believe those assurances.

  • Student-athletes who used the Athletics Department appeals process (to AD Jehlicka) have been told nothing can be done, a coach’s decision is final.

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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Putting Academics First major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”

I am organizing a fund: Keep the Promises that UIS Athletics Breaks

The goal is to see that academically-qualified students who are deprived of team participation and financial aid can get the scholarship aid they need to stay at UIS and complete their degrees.

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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  • Contact Information: major incidents involving student-athletes away from campus; Administration resists creating such a policy because “every incident is different”

    Barbara Hayler

    WUIS Building, Office 57

    206-7586

    [email protected]

Committee to Investigate Intercollegiate Athletics at UIS


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