Integrated Water Resources Management & Transboundary Water Cooperation In NIGER - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Integrated water resources management transboundary water cooperation in niger l.jpg
Download
1 / 11

  • 240 Views
  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Travel / Places

Integrated Water Resources Management & Transboundary Water Cooperation In NIGER. Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009. Main resources: Niger river (permanent) and its tributaries (semi-permanent)

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Integrated Water Resources Management & Transboundary Water Cooperation In NIGER

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Integrated water resources management transboundary water cooperation in niger l.jpg

Integrated Water Resources Management

&

Transboundary Water Cooperation

In NIGER

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


Water resources in niger 1 surface water resources l.jpg

  • Main resources:

  • Niger river (permanent) and its tributaries (semi-permanent)

  • Lake Chad (almost dried up in Niger) and Komadougou river (semi-permanent: 6 months/yr)

  • About 1’000 ponds (175 permanent ponds)

  • Temporary rivers

  • Annual renewable surface water resources:

  • - About 33 billions m3 (>95% from Niger River)

WATER RESOURCES IN NIGER : 1) SURFACE WATER RESOURCES

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


Water resources in niger 2 groundwater resources l.jpg

About 40 different aquifers grouped into:

1. Bedrock /fractured Aquifers,

2.- Iullemeden Basin Aquifers located from the centre to the West of the country,

3.- Chad Basin Aquifers located from the centre to the East of the country.

WATER RESOURCES IN NIGER : 2) GROUNDWATER RESOURCES

1

2

3

1

1

  • Annual renewable groundwater resources: about 2.5 billions m3

  • Not renewable groundwater reserves (fossil): about 2’000 billions m3

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


Key water resources management challenges 1 l.jpg

KEY WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES (1)

Increasing needs: demographic growth (3.3%), economic development (GDP<400$/inhab.; 80% of households derives its income from agriculture and livestock), mining activities (oil, uranium,…)

Conflicts of use: drinking water vs. water for oil refinery (in Zinder); agriculture vs. livestock needs

Sustainable development: disparity of the distribution of renewable resources (>10’000m3/yr/inhab. in the Niger river valley and less than 300m3/yr/inhab. in other regions); limited annual refilling of some bedrock aquifers

Cost of water: new infrastructures (>100$/capita for drinking water), operation costs, renewal of infrastructures

Continuity of funding: for instance, to control and monitor piezometers and gauging devices (1’267’000 km2)

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


Key water resources management challenges 2 l.jpg

KEY WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES(2)

Lake Chad: 1973 to 2001 (NASA)

Ecological changes and threats :Lake Chad drying up: from 25’000km2 in 1960 to <2’000km2 today; Niger river: sand deposits in river bed, erosion of banks, proliferation of weeds; desertification and reduction of ponds water surfaces in eastern Niger; pollutions (no wastewater treatment plants)

  • Transboundary issues : impacts of the construction of dams on the Niger river; shared aquifers

  • Technical expertise: need for more water specialists

  • Water quality: about 90% of cemented wells with E.coli; fluorine, nitratates and nitrites in some areas; mineralization of deep aquifers

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


National understanding interpretation of iwrm l.jpg

NATIONAL UNDERSTANDING / INTERPRETATION OF IWRM

Transbondary cooperation: shared vision to use the Niger river water for irrigation and power production

New institutional actors (CNEA, CREA, Water Management Units) with the goal to develop the sector and improve water management

Some water specialists see IRWM as a key approach to develop the country and a necessity to better control and manage water resources

  • Or: is it a new donor-driven « product » that will feed Consultants and a couple of Technicians?

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


Existing iwrm framework and reforms underway l.jpg

International level: 2 transboundary Institutions (Niger Basin Authority; Lake Chad Basin Commission)

Ministry of Hydraulic (national, regional and departmental levels)

National level: CNEA - National Commission for Water and Sanitation (Government, water users, research,private sector, civil society,…) – advisory commission

Regional level: CREA - Regional Commission for Water and Sanitation (declination of CNEA); will evolve in the future to be based at the main aquifers level (7 Water Management Units) and will be in charge of operations

Local level: timid involvement of Municipalities and users in the water sector

----------------------------------------------------------

Executive Secretariat of “Code Rural” and COFO: Land Commissions (in charge of the use of natural resources and of conflicts prevention (reg. and local levels)

EXISTING IWRM FRAMEWORK and REFORMS UNDERWAY

  • Main reforms:

  • Project of a new water law

  • Project of an IWRM national action plan (funded by ADB since 2008, but studies not yet in progress)

  • Pilot actions to improve the water resource knowledge and control (database update, rehabilitation of piezometers,…)

  • Some sectoral policies and strategies (drinking water, sanitation,…)

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


Donor support to iwrm l.jpg

DONOR SUPPORT to IWRM

UNDP: test and promotion of IWRM at the level of one Water Management Unit (Liptako Gourma) – from 1999, ongoing

ADB: design of IWRM National Action Plan (2008, but not yet in progress)

AFD: (Hycos) transboudary hydrological monitoring of the Niger river

Global Environment Facility (FEM): land management, anti-desertification pilot projects,…

DANIDA: scale-up of groundwater monitoring network in 2 regions; institutional support; update of database with involvement of decentralized entities

Other donors and NGOs: small scale projects and studies

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


Achievements lessons learned factors of success l.jpg

ACHIEVEMENTS, LESSONS LEARNED, FACTORS OF SUCCESS

The groundwater resource was better monitored during the 90’s than today, thanks to the continuous support of a Donor (SDC)

CNEA, CREA: have hardly reached a « rythm » of 1 meeting/year

Niger Basin Authority: Water Charter, Shared Vision 2025, Sustainable Development Action Plan, involvement of civil society

Lake Chad Basin Authority: Transboundary Diagnostic Analysis and Strategic Action Plan

Increased dialog around water issues

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


Challenges and risks l.jpg

CHALLENGES and RISKS

Lack of IWRM national action plan

Ownership of the approach

New Water Law not yet endorsed by the Government

Cost of IRWM; who will support IWRM in the long term?

IWRM may remain ineffective, like several attempts to develop national systems; « top-down » decisions may continue

Water Management Units cover areas shared by several administrative regions; coordination with admnistrative authorities (Agriculture, Hydraulic, Environment, Livestock,... Ministries)

IWRM bodies: risk of duplication with « Code Rural » institutional bodies (Executive Secretariat and COFO)

Environmental protection and rehabilitation require « big money »

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


Thank you l.jpg

THANK YOU!

Danida Water and Sanitation Seminar, Zambia – 29th September to 2nd October 2009


  • Login