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Monogastric Production Swine Section. Inventory of Hogs and Pigs June 1, 2004. Inventory of Hogs and Pigs June 1, 2004. Top Ten Hog States . 1 st Iowa (15,900,000 hd) 2 nd North Carolina (10,100,000) 3 rd Minnesota (6,500,000) 4 th Illinois (3,950,000) 5 th Indiana (3,100,000)

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Monogastric production swine section l.jpg

Monogastric ProductionSwine Section

Inventory of Hogs and Pigs

June 1, 2004



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Top Ten Hog States

  • 1st Iowa (15,900,000 hd)

  • 2nd North Carolina (10,100,000)

  • 3rd Minnesota (6,500,000)

  • 4th Illinois (3,950,000)

  • 5th Indiana (3,100,000)

  • 6th Missouri (2,900,000)

  • 7th Nebraska (2,850,000)


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Top Ten Hog States Continued

  • 8th Oklahoma (2,450,000)

  • 9th Kansas (1,730,000)

  • 10th Ohio (1, 450,000)


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Top Ten Hog Producing States

  • These top ten hog states account for 84.8% of all hogs and pigs in the U.S.


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What about historic high and low swine inventory numbers

  • All time highs for both the U.S. and MO occurred in 1944.

  • U.S. had 83.4 M compared to 60.0 M (2004)

  • Missouri had 5.405 M compared to 2.900 M (2004)

  • Record low numbers for MO occurred in 1935 (2.4 M)


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What about highs and lows for other Missouri livestock?

  • Beef cow high of 2.759 M (1975) compared to the present inventory of 2.125 M (2004)

  • Milk cow high of 1.115 M (1945) compared to the present inventory of 125,000 (2004)

  • Sheep high of 1.780 M (1943) compared to 60,000 (2004)


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Number of Missouri Farms (1991 vs 2003)

  • Hog operations (15,000 vs 2,700)

  • Beef cow operations (65,000 vs 56,000)

  • Milk cow operations (7,500 vs 3,100)

  • Sheep operations (3,400 vs 1,800)

  • Average farm size in 2003 = 285 A.

  • Total MO farms in 2003 = 106,000


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Where are most of the hogs raised in Missouri?

  • Ten to twenty years ago the best answer would have been in North Missouri (especially along the MO and Mississippi Rivers) and feeder pigs in Southern MO.

  • Today the leading regions of the state include: Northwest, North Central, Northeast and West Central.

  • A few of counties in SW MO also have significant hog numbers (Barton, Jasper and McDonald).



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What states import Missouri feeder pigs?

  • Iowa = 79.0%

  • Minnesota = 6.2%

  • South Dakota = 6.1%

  • Illinois = 5.1%



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2003 Cash Farm Receipts

  • Livestock = $2, 628,329,000 (52.9%)

  • Crops = $2,344,432,000 (47.1%)

  • Meat Animals = $1,537,980,000 (58.5% of lvst receipts)

  • Hogs = $456,066,000 (17.4% of livestock cash receipts and 29.6% of meat animal cash receipts)


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Web Sites for More Information

  • U.S. Hogs and Pigs Charts

    http://www.usda.gov/nass/aggraphs/hog_pig.htm.

  • Missouri Farm Facts

    http://agebb.missouri.edu/mass/farmfact/index.htm.

  • 2002 USDA Census of Agriculture

    http://www.usda.gov/nass/.


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