Knowledge Management COMS 380 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Knowledge management coms 380
Download
1 / 11

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha

Download Presentationdownload

Knowledge Management COMS 380

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Knowledge management coms 380 l.jpg

Knowledge ManagementCOMS 380


What is knowledge l.jpg

What is knowledge?

Knowledge is neither data nor information, though it is related to both, and the differences between these terms are often a matter of degree. We start with those more familiar terms both because they are more familiar and because we can understand knowledge best with reference to them. Confusion about what data, information, and knowledge are -- how they differ, what those words mean -- has resulted in enormous expenditures on technology initiatives that rarely deliver what the firms spending the money needed or thought they were getting. Often firms don't understand what they need until they invest heavily in a system that fails to provide it.

Davenport, Thomas H. and Prusak, Laurence. (1997). Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What They Know . Boston: Harvard Business School Press


What is knowledge3 l.jpg

What is knowledge?

  • Data -- static facts; raw inputs

    • No inherent meaning in data

  • Information -- data that is structured; has meaning

    • Sender/receiver; aim is to reduce uncertainty; “data that makes a difference” (Bateson)

  • Knowledge -- information that is acted upon

    • “Knowledge arises from minds at work”


What is knowledge4 l.jpg

What is knowledge?

Knowledge is a fluid mix of framed experience, values, contextual information, and expert insight that provides a framework for evaluating and incorporating new experiences and information. It originates and is applied in the minds of knowers. In organizations, it often becomes embedded not only in documents or repositories but also in organizational routines, processes, practices, and norms.


Km where does it come from l.jpg

KM: where does it come from?

  • The computer era (1950s/60s)

    • Centralized stage: activity focused on the technology itself.

    • Efforts within the nascent field of Information Systems (IS) were directed to making refinements to the base technology.

    • The emphasis was on large computer installations housed in a central location and managed as a non-distributed technology.

    • http://foodman123.com/s2000.htm


Km where does it come from6 l.jpg

KM: where does it come from?

  • The information era (1970s/80s)

    • Distributed stage: first localization of computing as a distributed resource

    • Microcomputers; first supercomputers

    • End users beginning to exert pressure on applications and use

    • Growth of IS as a strategic function of the organization


Km where does it come from7 l.jpg

KM: where does it come from?

  • The information utility era (late 1980s)

    • Diffusion stage: Information is now ubiquitous, “a corporate resource that dramatically alters not only the manner in which organizations function, but also in the way they compete”

    • Responsibility shifts to the line (but autonomy slow to follow)

    • Organizational change is rapid; downsizing begins.


Km where does it come from8 l.jpg

KM: where does it come from?

  • The Knowledge Management era (1990s)

    • Social context stage: Loss of middle management through corporate downsizing in recessionary period of 1991-95 lobotomizes most organizations (knowledge loss)

    • Employee “contract” re-written; workers responsible for their own careers and future

    • Commercialization of the internet; dot-com explosion


Km where does it come from9 l.jpg

KM: where does it come from?


Km where does it come from10 l.jpg

KM: where does it come from?

The Knowledge Management era (1990s)


Km where are we now l.jpg

KM: where are we now?

  • The network era (2000+)

    • The collaboration stage: advanced broadband development enhancing distance work/training/education

    • Emphasis on virtual work teams heightened by world events

    • Computerization under pressure through demand and fast-approaching limits of current miniaturization (enter quantum computing and nanotechnology)


ad
  • Login