Folk and Popular Culture - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Folk and popular culture l.jpg
Download
1 / 47

  • 227 Views
  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Music / Video

Folk and Popular Culture. Insanely “Radical” Scot, with Kilt and Classic Surfboard. Woman with Oxcart, Myanmar. The Forbidden City Beijing, China 2004. Beijing, China 2004. Important Terminology.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Folk and Popular Culture

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Folk and popular culture l.jpg

Folk and Popular Culture

Insanely “Radical” Scot, with Kilt and Classic Surfboard

Woman with Oxcart, Myanmar


Slide2 l.jpg

The Forbidden City

Beijing, China2004


Slide4 l.jpg

Beijing, China2004


Important terminology l.jpg

Important Terminology

  • Folk Culture – traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation.

  • Popular Culture – found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in personal characteristics.

  • Material Culture – the physical objects produced by a culture in order to meet its material needs: food, clothing, shelter, arts, and recreation. Carl Sauer (Berkeley, 1930s – 1970s).


Important terms l.jpg

Important Terms

  • Custom – frequent repetition of an act until it becomes characteristic of a group of people..

  • Taboo – a restriction on behavior imposed by social custom.

  • Habit – repetitive act performed by an individual.


Slide7 l.jpg

Folk Culture – rapidly changing and/or disappearing throughout much of the world.

Guatemalan Market

Portuguese Fishing Boat

Turkish Camel Market


Folk culture l.jpg

Folk Culture

  • Stable and close knit

  • Usually a rural community

  • Tradition controls

  • Resistance to change

  • Buildings erected without architect or blueprint using locally available building materials

  • anonymous origins, diffuses slowly through migration. Develops over time.

  • Clustered distributions:isolation/lack of interaction breed uniqueness and ties to physical environment.


Folk architecture l.jpg

FOLK ARCHITECTURE


Folk architecture10 l.jpg

FOLK ARCHITECTURE

Effects on Landscape:usually of limited scale and scope.

Agricultural: fields, terraces, grain storage

Dwellings: historically created from local materials: wood, brick, stone, skins; often uniquely and traditionally arranged; always functionally tied to physical environment.


Folk food l.jpg

FOLK FOOD

How did such differences develop?


Hog production and food cultures l.jpg

Hog Production and Food Cultures

Fig. 4-6: Annual hog production is influenced by religious taboos against pork consumption in Islam and other religions. The highest production is in China, which is largely Buddhist.


Slide13 l.jpg

North American Folk Culture Regions


Slide14 l.jpg

Food Taboos: Jews – can’t eat animals that chew cud, that have cloven feet; can’t mix meat and milk, or eat fish lacking fins or scales; Muslims – no pork; Hindus – no cows (used for oxen during monsoon)

Washing Cow in Ganges


Popular culture l.jpg

Popular Culture

Clothing: Jeans, for example, and have become valuable status symbols in many regions including Asia and Russia despite longstanding folk traditions.


Popular culture16 l.jpg

Popular Culture

Wide Distribution: differences from place to place uncommon, more likely differences at one place over time.

Housing:only small regional variations, more generally there are trends over time

Food: franchises, cargo planes, superhighways and freezer trucks have eliminated much local variation. Limited variations in choice regionally, esp. with alcohol and snacks. Substantial variations by ethnicity.


Slide17 l.jpg

World Cell Phone SubscribersCartogram, 1990

Territory size shows the proportion of all cellular telephone subscriptions found there in 1990.Source: www.worldmapper.org


Slide18 l.jpg

GSM World Cellular Coverage, 2009

Source: GSM Association. 2009.


A mental map of hip hop l.jpg

A Mental Map of Hip Hop

Fig. 4-3: This mental map places major hip hop performers near other similar performers and in the portion of the country where they performed.


Diffusion of tv 1954 1999 l.jpg

Diffusion of TV, 1954–1999

Television has diffused widely since the 1950s, but some areas still have low numbers of TVs per population.

  • Much media is still state-controlled.

  • Ten Most Censored Countries:

  • North Korea

  • Myanmar (Burma)

  • Turkmenistan

  • Equatorial Guinea

  • Libya

  • Eritrea

  • Cuba

  • Uzbekistan

  • Syria

  • Belarus

  • Source: The Committee to Protect Journalists. 2009. www.cpj.org.


Internet connections l.jpg

Internet Connections

The Internet is diffusing today, but access varies widely.


Internet connections22 l.jpg

Internet Connections

The Internet is diffusing today, but access varies widely. Some countries censor the Internet, but this is much harder to do.


Popular culture23 l.jpg

Popular Culture

Effects on Landscape: creates homogenous, “placeless” (Relph, 1976), landscape

  • Complex network of roads and highways

  • Commercial Structures tend towards ‘boxes’

  • Dwellings may be aesthetically suggestive of older folk traditions

  • Planned and Gated Communities more and more common


Slide24 l.jpg

Surfing at Disney’s Orlando Typhoon Lagoon

Are places still tied to local landscapes?

Disconnect with landscape: indoor swimming pools? desert surfing?


Slide25 l.jpg

McDonald’s Restaurant, Venice

Swimming Pool, West Edmonton Mall, Canada

Dubai’s Indoor Ski Resort


Slide26 l.jpg

Muslim Women in Traditional Dress at Indoor Ski Resort


Problems with the globalization of culture l.jpg

Problems with the Globalization of Culture

Often Destroys Folk Culture – or preserves traditions as museum pieces or tourism gimmicks.

  • Mexican Mariachis; Polynesian Navigators; Cruise Line Simulations

  • Change in Traditional Roles and Values; Polynesian weight problems

Satellite Television, Baja California


Problems with the globalization of popular culture l.jpg

Problems with the Globalization of Popular Culture

Western Media Imperialism?

  • U.S., Britain, and Japan dominate worldwide media.

  • Glorified consumerism, violence, sexuality, and militarism?

  • U.S. (Networks and CNN) and British (BBC) news media provide/control the dissemination of information worldwide.

  • These networks are unlikely to focus or provide third world perspective on issues important in the LDCs.


Environmental effects of globalization l.jpg

Environmental Effects of Globalization

Accelerated Resource Use in Consumer Societies:

  • Furs: minx, lynx, jaguar, kangaroo, whale, sea otters (18th Century Russians) fed early fashion trends.

  • Aggressive consumerism evident in most Western Media , including hip hop and rock and roll.

  • Inefficient over-consumption of Meats (10:1), Poultry (3:1), even Fish (fed other fish and chicken) by meat-eating pop cultures

  • New larger housing desires and associated energy and water use.

    Pollution:

  • Water treatment and improved public health may come with higher incomes.

  • However, increased waste and toxins from fuel use, discarded products, plastics, marketing and packaging materials, etc.


Benefits of economic and cultural globalization l.jpg

Benefits of Economic and Cultural Globalization

  • Increased economic opportunity?

  • Higher standards of living?

  • Increased consumer choice

  • More political freedom?

  • More social freedom?

Shanghai, China, 2003


Slide32 l.jpg

Beijing, China

Palm Springs, CA


Marlboro man in egypt l.jpg

Marlboro Man in Egypt


Slide34 l.jpg

Forbes Hip Hop Cash Kings, 2007


Slide35 l.jpg

Fiji


Slide36 l.jpg

Suburban Sprawl, Arizona


Resisting globalization l.jpg

Resisting Globalization

  • Protests at WTO and G9 meetings

  • Al Jazeera

  • Indigenous Peoples in Latin America


The happiest places on earth l.jpg

The Happiest Places on Earth?

  • Family and Friends, Exercise, Faith (Sense of Purpose), Extroversion, Sufficient Employment and Income, Flow and Balance

  • Some regions are clearly more happy than others and there are geographic clusters.

  • In Japan, China, Australia, and the U.S. happiness stayed level or decreased as GDP increased for most of recent history.

  • What do the social sciences tell us about what makes people happy?

  • How does happiness vary around the world?

  • How does happiness change over time within a country?


The happiest places on earth39 l.jpg

The Happiest Places on Earth?

1.    Denmark2.    Finland3.    Netherlands4.    Sweden5.    Ireland6.    Canada7.    Switzerland8.    New Zealand9.    Norway10.  Belgium

  • Question: “Taking all things together, would you say you are?

    • 1 Very happy

    • 2 Rather happy

    • 3 Not very happy

  • 4 Not at all happy”

- Based on data from World Values Survey


Slide40 l.jpg

Question: “Please imagine a ladder, with steps numbered from 0 at the bottom to 10 at the top. The top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom of the ladder represents the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder would you say you personally feel you stand at this time?”

Based on data from Gallup World Survey, 2006


Slide41 l.jpg

Based on data from World Values Survey

“All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole these days? Using this card on which 1 means you are “completely dissatisfied” and 10 means you are “completely satisfied” where would you put your satisfaction with your life as a whole?”

Completely dissatisfied Completely satisfied

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10


Slide43 l.jpg

World Values Survey


Slide44 l.jpg

Source: Internet appendix to Inglehart, Foa and Welzel, “Social Change, Freedom and Rising Happiness,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology


Slide45 l.jpg

Source: Internet appendix to Inglehart, Foa and Welzel, “Social Change, Freedom and Rising Happiness,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology


Slide46 l.jpg

Source: Internet appendix to Inglehart, Foa and Welzel, “Social Change, Freedom and Rising Happiness,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology


Slide47 l.jpg

Source: Internet appendix to Inglehart, Foa and Welzel, “Social Change, Freedom and Rising Happiness,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology


  • Login