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Features / Trends of Apes / Humans - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Miocene Hominoids. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed ., p. 196. Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed ., p. 103. Miocene Hominoids. General Features / Trends of Apes / Humans. 3. True apes that brachiated probably

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slide1

Miocene Hominoids

Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 196

slide3

Miocene

Hominoids

general features trends of apes humans
General Features / Trends of Apes / Humans

3. True apes that brachiated probably

originated in the Early Miocene

ca. 20 – 17 mya

general features trends of apes humans5
General Features / Trends of Apes / Humans

“Only after the evolution of arboreal suspension . . . would the modern meaning of the term ape have been applicable.”

Campbell-Loy, p. 195

general features trends of apes humans8
General Features / Trends of Apes / Humans

Apes

flourished in the

later part of the Miocene

ca. 15 – 5 mya

general features trends of apes humans10
General Features / Trends of Apes / Humans

Well represented in the fossil record by such forms as:

Sivapithecus . . .

Ramapithecus

Kenyapithecus

Ouranopithecus

Dryopithecus

Proconsul

Oreopithecus

Gigantopithecus

general features trends of apes humans11
General Features / Trends of Apes / Humans

Rudapithecus

Pasalar

Nyanzapithecus

Afropithecus

Turkanopithecus

Rangwapithecus

and others

slide12

Miocene hominoid distribution, from fossils thus far discovered

Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 197

slide15

Proconsul africanus(from early Miocene)

Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 197

prehistoric hominoidea
Prehistoric Hominoidea

Miocene hominoids:

Proconsul

(Miocene “dental ape”)

Oreopithecus

slide27

Oreopithecus (Miocene Ape)

Humankind Emerging, 7th ed., p. 187

prehistoric hominoidea28
Prehistoric Hominoidea

Miocene hominoids:

Proconsul

(Miocene “dental ape”)

Oreopithecus

Pliopithecus

prehistoric hominoidea31
Prehistoric Hominoidea

Miocene hominoids:

Proconsul

(Miocene “dental ape”)

Oreopithecus

Pliopithecus

Dryopithecus

prehistoric primates
Prehistoric Primates

“Dryopithecus – Y”

“Y – 5”

prehistoric hominoidea40
Prehistoric Hominoidea

Miocene hominoids:

Proconsul

(Miocene “dental ape”)

Oreopithecus

Pliopithecus

Dryopithecus

Sivapithecus

prehistoric primates42
Sivapithecus

Ramapithecus

Kenyapithecus

Ouranopithecus

Prehistoric Primates

Species

Genus

slide45

Modern chimpanzee Sivapithecus Orangutan

ca. 8 mya

Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 198

prehistoric primates49
Sivapithecus

ramapithecus

Prehistoric Primates

Species

Genus

prehistoric cultures
insectivorous(insects)

herbivorous(plants)

frugivorous(fruits)

graminivorous(grasses)

Prehistoric Cultures

Diet classifications:

  • carnivorous(chiefly meats)
  • omnivorous (all of the above)
prehistoric hominoidea53
Prehistoric Hominoidea

Miocene hominoids:

Proconsul

(Miocene “dental ape”)

Oreopithecus

Pliopithecus

Dryopithecus

Sivapithecus

Gigantopithecus

slide58

Next: The Great Apes

Pongids:”The Great Apes”

Understanding Physical Anthropology and Archaeology, 9th ed., p. 123

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