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Ethics & The Media. Com 160. Ethical issues in Journalism. Ethical limits on free speech. Public Safety (libel / slander). (Journalism). Obscenity- material where the ______ _______ as a whole appeals to prurient interest. Roth v US (1957) Average person rule Miller v CA (1973)

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Ethical issues in Journalism

  • Ethical limits on free speech.

  • Public Safety

  • (libel / slander)


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(Journalism)

  • Obscenity- material where the ______ _______ as a whole appeals to prurient interest.

    • Roth v US (1957)

      • Average person rule

    • Miller v CA (1973)

      • Printing and selling


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(Journalism)

  • Indecency – material that is patently _______ as measured by contemporary community standards

    • Rules apply differently to broadcast TV vs Cable/Satellite TV/Satellite radio

  • On the internet?

    • Children’s Internet Protection Act

      • Schools & libraries –> _____ software


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(Journalism)

  • Accuracy

    • Evidence

    • Quotes

    • Hypothetical individuals

    • Create/Manipulate Photos

  • Jeopardizing a “scoop”

    • Check facts

    • _____ sources must confirm


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(Journalism)

  • Fairness

    • Choices about what to ______

    • Choices about being unfairly ______ of the subject of a story.

    • Choices about disclosing ________ that may be a conflict of interest.

  • Commercialism

    • If it bleeds, it _____

    • Staging visuals?

    • Pressure to improve ______

      • Sensationalism during “sweeps”


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(Journalism)

  • Press release journalism

  • Ombudsman

    • Represents the _____, alerts the newspaper to complaints, investigates them, recommends action (sometimes)

    • >40 newspapers


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1947 Hutchinson Commission

  • Whomever enjoys a special measure of freedom, like that of a professional journalist, has an obligation to society to use their freedom and powers responsibly.

  • Society’s welfare is paramount, more important than individ careers or even individ rights.


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Hutchinson Commission Guidelines

  • Present meaningful _____, accurate and separated from opinion.

  • Serve as a forum for the exchg of comment & criticsim & to expand access to ____ pts of view.

  • Project a ____ picture of the constituent groups in society by avoiding the stereotypes & incl minority grps

  • Clarify the ___ & ____ of society.

  • Give broad coverage of what is known about society.


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