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Emergency Action Plan. Medical Coverage Guidelines Shannon Spooner, ATS. Emergency Action Plan . LARGE sporting events…what do you do about medical coverage?. vs. Emergency Action Plan . What qualifies as a large event?. 100 participants? 1000? What about the crowd?.

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Emergency Action Plan

Medical Coverage Guidelines

Shannon Spooner, ATS


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Emergency Action Plan

LARGE sporting events…what do you do about medical coverage?

vs.


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Emergency Action Plan

  • What qualifies as a large event?

  • 100 participants? 1000?

  • What about the crowd?


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Emergency Action Plan

According to the American Academy of Family Physicians:

“…event that accounts for large numbers of participants, anticipated injury and illness, variable environment, repeated games or matches, and mixed age groups of varying athletic ability…”


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Emergency Action Plan

  • Budget

  • Spectators

  • Participants

  • In season vs. out of season

  • Indoor vs. outdoor

  • Personnel available


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Emergency Action Plan

  • ~75 Athletic Training Students

  • 43 in the program

  • 7 Certified Athletic Trainers

  • 5 Spring Sports

“…we provide more on-sight medical coverage than many universities across the nation…”

-Lock Haven University Athletic Training EAP


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Emergency Action Plan

Can we say “SPOILED”?


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Emergency Action Plan

  • Responsibilities:

    • Ensure safety of competition

    • Evaluate risks

    • Check the weather

    • Insurance

    • Consult with physician

    • Check protocols


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Emergency Action Plan

  • NCAA

  • PIAA

  • NATA

  • Boston Marathon

Suggestions from some organizations:


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Emergency Action Plan

  • NCAA

    • Everyone is responsible for care

    • Guideline 1a (2001-2002)

      • Availability and accessibility to medical resources should be based on established medical criteria (e.g., injury rates, rehabilitation) rather than the sport itself


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Emergency Action Plan

  • PIAA

    • Coverage procedures vary with sport

      • Collision sports

        • May displace opponent

        • May not displace opponent

      • Non-contact sports


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Emergency Action Plan

  • NATA

    • Position Statement

      • #3 – EAP needs to identify necessary personnel

      • #4 – equipment

      • #5 – communication

      • #6 – specific to activity

    • Non-contact sports still need considered


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Emergency Action Plan

  • Boston Marathon

    • Main focus before race

      • Prevention

      • Coordination - staff and city

      • Legal situation

    • Main focus on race day

      • Stop progression of further injury/illness

      • Quick response

      • Prevent emergency room overload


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Emergency Action Plan

References

Anderson, J.C. National Athletic Trainers Association Position Statement: Emergency Planning in Athletics. Journal of Athletic Training. 2002; 37 (1):99-104

Dick, Randall W. (2001) NCAA Sports Medicine Handbook. 14th Ed.

Ingram, Yvette (2004) Athletic Training Emergency Action Plan: Lock Haven University

Mitten, Matt. Support for Certified Athletic Trainers in Intercollegiate Athletics. NCAA: 2003; www.ncaa.org

Rankin, James M. and Chris D. Ingersoll (2001) Athletic Training Management: Concepts and Applications. New York, NY: McGraw Hill

Troyanos, Chris (2004) Medical Coverage Plans for Large Scale Events [EATA powerpoint presentation]. Sports Medicine Consultants, Inc.


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