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Today’s Agenda Introductions and teaching style Establish a common framework Course outline Introductory lecture . Economics 244Y Human Resource Management. The Required textbook for this course is :. Luis R. Gomez-Mejia / Managing Human Resources, Third Canadian Edition

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economics 244y human resource management
Today’s Agenda

Introductions and teaching style

Establish a common framework

Course outline

Introductory lecture

Economics 244YHuman Resource Management
the required textbook for this course is
The Required textbook for this course is:
  • Luis R. Gomez-Mejia/ Managing Human Resources, Third Canadian Edition
  • Course: ECO244
  • Professor Scott Walsworth
slide3

WEEK 1

Fundamentals of Human Resources Management

in Canada

Chapter One

Meeting Present and Emerging Human Resource Challenges

1

© 2004 S. Walsworth 1-3

introduction to hrm
Introduction to HRM

HRM is activities, policies and practices to

 obtain and develop employees

 utilize, evaluate and maintain employees

 accomplish organizational objectives

introduction to hrm5
Introduction to HRM
  • Goals of HRM (1 of 3)
  • maximize employee contributions
  • optimize productivity and effectiveness
  • attain both individual and societal objectives
introduction to hrm6
Introduction to HRM
  • Goals of HRM (2 of 3)
  • create a positive climate
  • maintain performance standards
  • ensure harmonious working relationship
  • ensure safe and healthy work environment
introduction to hrm7
Introduction to HRM
  • Goals of HRM (3 of 3)
  • develop programs to meet employee needs
  • retain productive employees
  • ensure compliance with employment legislation
hr management responsibilities
HR Management Responsibilities
  • formulating policies and procedures
  • offering advice
  • providing services
  • monitoring to ensure compliance
  • serving as consultant and change agent
internal environmental influences
Internal Environmental Influences
  • Organizational Culture
  • core values, beliefs and assumptions
  • shared by members of an organization
  • Organizational Climate
  • prevailing atmosphere
  • its impact on employees
internal environmental influences12
Internal Environmental Influences
  • Bureaucratic Culture
  • pyramid-shaped organization
  • characterized by a hierarchical structure and
  • many levels of management
  • Empowerment
  • providing workers with the skills and authority
  • to make decisions that would traditionally be
  • made by managers
internal environmental influences13
Internal Environmental Influences
  • Boundaryless Organization Structure
  • relationships formed with customers, suppliers,
  • and/or competitors (typically joint ventures)
  • pools resources for mutual benefit
  • encourages cooperation in an uncertain
  • environment
external environmental influences
Labour ForceExternal Environmental Influences

Labour force is the individuals who are

employed and those actively seeking work

external environmental influences15
Labour Market ConditionsExternal Environmental Influences
  • Labour market is the geographic area where:
    • organizations recruit employees
    • individuals seek employment
external environmental influences16
Economic EnvironmentExternal Environmental Influences

Productivity =

Outputs (goods and services)

Inputs (people, capital, energy, materials)

external environmental influences17
Labour UnionsExternal Environmental Influences
  • an officially recognized association of
  • employees, practicing a similar trade or
  • employed in the same company or industry,
  • who have joined together to present a united
  • front and collective voice in dealing with
  • management
external environmental influences18
Work Force Diversity (1 of 3)External Environmental Influences
  • Population growth
    • impact of immigration
  • Age
    • baby boomers, Generation X
  • Educational level
    • differences in literacy levels
external environmental influences19
Work Force Diversity (2 of 3)External Environmental Influences
  • Visible and ethnic minorities
    • increasing numbers due to immigration
  • Women
    • climbing employment rate
external environmental influences20
Work Force Diversity (3 of 3)External Environmental Influences
  • Aboriginal peoples
    • difficulty obtaining and keeping jobs
  • Persons with disabilities
    • problems with accessibility continue
external environmental influences21
Technology (1 of 2)External Environmental Influences
  • increase in technical and professional jobs
  • decrease in traditional blue-collar jobs
  • labour force training has not kept pace
  • creates anxiety, resentment and alienation
external environmental influences22
Technology (2 of 2)External Environmental Influences
  • unions concerned about job displacement
  • and health hazards
  • right to privacy and ethical issues
  • many firms have Human Resources
  • Information System (HRIS)
external environmental influences23
GovernmentExternal Environmental Influences
  • must stay abreast of new/changing laws
  • ensure policies and practices comply
  • with laws
  • maintain efficiency and effectiveness while
  • complying
external environmental influences24
Globalization (1 of 2)External Environmental Influences
  • tendency of firms to extend business
  • operations abroad
  • emergence of one world economy
  • increased international competition
external environmental influences25
Globalization (2 of 2)External Environmental Influences
  • Multinational corporations:
    • conduct business around the world
    • seek cheap, skilled or unskilled labour
history of hrm
History of HRM

Human Resources Movement

Human Relations Movement

Scientific Management

history of hrm27
History of HRM
  • Scientific Management
      • Frederick Taylor
      • concern for production
      • emphasis on efficiency
      • performance-based pay
      • impersonal, dehumanizing
history of hrm28
History of HRM
  • Human Relations Movement
      • Hawthorne studies
      • concern for people
      • emphasis on communication
      • treat employees with dignity and respect
      • oversimplified view of motivation
history of hrm29
History of HRM
  • Human Resources Movement
      • joint focus on people and productivity
      • motivation through job design
      • acknowledges individual differences
      • employees seen as a competitive
  • advantage
growing professionalism in hrm
Growing Professionalism in HRM
  • self-regulation of performance standards
  • code of ethics
  • common body of knowledge, widely
  • communicated
  • certification of members
hr management challenges in the twenty first century
HR Management Challenges in the Twenty-First Century
  • increased responsiveness
  • improved service
hr management challenges in the twenty first century32
HR Management Challenges in the Twenty-First Century
  • helping to build employee commitment
  • developing and implementing corporate
  • strategy
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