Climate change in the middle east complex causes and effects l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 24

Climate Change in the Middle East: Complex Causes and Effects PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Climate Change in the Middle East: Complex Causes and Effects. Climate Change Predictions for MENA. Higher temperatures (1-2 degree rise by 2050) Reduced or steady (low) precipitation Increased incidence of drought, heat waves

Download Presentation

Climate Change in the Middle East: Complex Causes and Effects

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Climate change in the middle east complex causes and effects l.jpg

Climate Change in the Middle East: Complex Causes and Effects


Climate change predictions for mena l.jpg

Climate Change Predictions for MENA

  • Higher temperatures (1-2 degree rise by 2050)

  • Reduced or steady (low) precipitation

  • Increased incidence of drought, heat waves

  • Reduced surface water; increased stress on already depleted groundwater reserves

  • Sea level rise of .5 meter by 2100

  • Reduction in agricultural output

  • Relatively low carbon emissions--focus on adaptation

  • Challenge for hydroelectric generation and irrigation


In an already arid region climate change will l.jpg

In an already arid region, climate change will

  • reduce agricultural productivity through desertification and drought, increased soil salinity, inability to irrigate

  • increase stress on urban populations and their access to safe water,

  • inundate many coastal areas, forcing population relocation and further reducing agricultural output


Water is l.jpg

Water is:

  • Geography:

    • climate change

    • Middle Eastern aridity

    • localized adaptation


Water is5 l.jpg

Water is:

  • Science:

    • new desalinization techniques

    • Adaptation of new plants tolerant of higher salinity

    • traditional water gathering/storing/transporting

    • Newly discovered aquifers in the desert, etc.

    • New health challenges and disease vectors


Water is6 l.jpg

Water is:

  • Economics:

    • Agriculture

    • Hydroelectric projects

    • Fisheries

    • Transportation

    • Urbanization

    • Tourism

    • Restrictions on development


Water is7 l.jpg

Water is:

  • Politics

    • legitimacy for govts (GAP, Libya pipeline, agriculture

      in Israel, Jordan river/Golan)

    • Food shortages/riots

    • Inequities in water use/access

    • disputes over river flows and water sovereignty

      (Tigris/Euphrates, bargaining chip in other issues)

    • Exacerbation of conflict between neighbors (Israel/Palestine, Israel/Jordan, Turkey/Iraq)

    • international challenge:

      how do we solve regional issues with global implications?


Water is8 l.jpg

Water is:

  • Society:

    • food riots in Egypt,

    • urban centers with too little water,

    • health problems from contaminated water

      due to reduced river flows,

    • new environmentalist civil society vs. new aspirations


Water is9 l.jpg

Water is:

  • Culture:

    • marsh Arabs,

    • Bedouin,

    • urbanization,

    • changing sustenance farming and fishing villages

    • disruption of traditional water-sharing mechanisms


Four case studies egypt turkey iraq israel palestine l.jpg

Four case studies:EgyptTurkeyIraqIsrael-Palestine


Egypt l.jpg

Egypt


Egypt s impact on global emissions l.jpg

Egypt’s impact on global emissions


Sea level rise effects on egypt l.jpg

Sea Level Rise Effects on Egypt


Turkey l.jpg

Turkey


Istanbul skyline l.jpg

Istanbul skyline


Southeast anatolian project l.jpg

Southeast Anatolian Project


Slide17 l.jpg

Iraq


Tigris euphrates flow l.jpg

Tigris-Euphrates Flow


Measuring salinity of soil l.jpg

Measuring Salinity of Soil


Israel palestine l.jpg

Israel-Palestine


Jordan river l.jpg

Jordan River


Unequal water access l.jpg

Unequal water access


  • Login